General Intelligence Presidency The General Intelligence Presidency
: (ر.ا.ع) رئاسة الاستخبارات العامة
Ri'āsat Al-Istikhbārāt Al-'Āmah
), also known as the General Intelligence Directorate
(GID), is the primary intelligence agency
of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
General Intelligence Presidency (GIP)
The first president of Al Mukhabarat Al A'amah was Sheik Kamal Adham
, who served from 1965 to 1979.
Then Turki Al Faisal
served as the president of Al Mukhabarat Al A'amah until 2001.
Prince Turki resigned abruptly from his post tens days before the 9/11 attacks
in 2001 (in which 14 Saudi nationals hijacked and crashed US commercial airliners) despite having had his appointment extended in May 2001 for another four years.
Nawaf bin Abdulaziz
replaced Prince Turki on 1 September 2001. The organization was renamed "The General Intelligence Presidency" during Nawwaf's tenure.
Nawwaf was relieved of his duty as the head of GIP by Crown Prince Abdullah
on 25 January 2005. For nine months, nobody was appointed to head the presidency.
On 15 April 2014 Prince Bandar bin Sultan was removed from his position "at his own request" according to the announcement in the Saudi state media.
It was reported that Prince Bandar would be replaced by his deputy, Youssef bin Ali Al Idrisi.
However, Khalid bin Bandar Al Saud
became the director general of the Al Mukhabarat Al A'amah on 30 June 2014.
His term ended on 29 January 2015 when Khalid bin Ali Al Humaidan replaced him in the post.
During the reign of King Saud bin Abdulaziz
, the General Intelligence was separated from the Mabahith
(General Investigation Directorate). Intelligence was established as an independent security service with the issuing of the Royal Decree 11 in 1957 that ordered the setting up of a special department under the title of Maslahat Al-Istikhbarat Al-Aammah
or (General Intelligence Department).
During this period two branches of the Presidency were set up locally, the western branch in Jeddah
, and eastern one in Dhahran
The GIP's charter was changed by King Khaled bin Abdulaziz
in 1982, by Royal Decree M-5, dated 19 December 1982, which set out its responsibilities, duties, and the limits of its activities. This established the internal organization of the agency with a General Department for Operations, the General Department for Administration and Finance, the General Department for Training and Planning, and the General Department for Technical Affairs. Along with the National Research Center, and the Center for Media and International Communications (previously Center for Translation and Media).
In 1997, the Office for External Communications was transferred to the Presidency from the Presidency of the Council of Ministers. Its name was also changed to the General Department for External Communications, and it was strengthened with the addition of high-tech equipment and specialists in radio surveillance. This period saw the expansion of the activities of the agency abroad with the establishment and development of more offices in other countries, and through more effort to organize its work.
During the reign of King Fahd bin Abdulaziz
the Higher Committee for Development was set up and was chaired by the President of the General Intelligence Presidency; its membership consisted of the heads of the various departments of the GIP. Also during the tenure of King Fahd, the administrative structuring of the Information Center was approved.
Soviet Afghan War
Iran Contra affair
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. (November 2016)
Cargo planes bomb plot
On 29 October 2010, two packages, each containing a bomb consisting of 300 to 400 grams (11–14 oz) of plastic explosives
and a detonating mechanism, were found on separate cargo planes. The bombs were discovered as a result of intelligence received from Saudi Arabia's security chief. They were bound from Yemen
to the United States, and were discovered at en route stop-overs, one at East Midlands Airport
in the UK and one in Dubai
in the United Arab Emirates
Syrian Civil War
The Financial Times
reported in May 2013 that Qatar
was becoming a larger provider of arms to the various groups.
In the summer of 2013 Saudi Arabia emerged as the main group financing and arming the rebels.
Saudi Arabia financed a large purchase of infantry weapons, such as Yugoslav-made recoilless guns and the M79 Osa
, an anti-tank weapon, from Croatia
via shipments shuttled through Jordan
The weapons began reaching rebels in December 2012 which allowed rebels' small tactical gains against the Syrian army.
This shipment was said to be to counter shipments of weapons from Iran
to aid the Syrian government.
Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Qatar have received criticism from the Western Media for backing certain Syrian rebels associated with the Army of Conquest
, which includes the al-Nusra
front, an al-Qaeda affiliated group.
In August 2017, the Syrian opposition was informed by the Saudi foreign minister that the Kingdom was disengaging from them.
Subsequently, Saudi Arabia has taken a more conciliatory stance towards the Syrian government.
Timber Sycamore was a classified weapons supply and training program run by the United States Central Intelligence Agency
(CIA) and supported by Arab intelligence services, including the security service in Saudi Arabia. Launched in 2012 or 2013, it supplied money, weaponry and training to rebel forces fighting Syrian President Bashar al-Assad
in the Syrian Civil War
. According to US officials, the program trained thousands of rebels.
– the Saudi internal intelligence agency
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- ^ Ian Black (16 April 2014). "End of an era as Prince Bandar departs Saudi intelligence post". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
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- ^ "King Salman makes appointments". Royal Embassy, Washington DC. 29 January 2015. Archived from the original on 2 February 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
- ^ a b c Nigel West (21 May 2015). Historical Dictionary of International Intelligence. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 302. ISBN 978-1-4422-4957-8.
- ^ Max Fisher (November 2010). "What We Can Learn From Saudi Intelligence". The Atlantic. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- ^ "Saudi women allowed to work for intelligence agency". Al Akhbar. 29 January 2013. Archived from the original on 11 February 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- ^ U.S. Relies Heavily on Saudi Money to Support Syrian Rebels, The New York Times, 23 January 2016
- ^ "Yemen-based al Qaeda group claims responsibility for parcel bomb plot". CNN. November 5, 2010. Archived from the original on November 13, 2010. Retrieved November 5, 2010.
- ^ Lauren Etter (October 31, 2010). "Chicago Synagogue Cites Web Visits From Egypt". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on February 1, 2016. Retrieved April 5, 2014.
- ^ "Al-Qaeda plot: flight ban on freight from Somalia". Telegraph. London. November 1, 2010. Archived from the original on November 2, 2010. Retrieved November 1, 2010.
- ^ "Parcel bomb plotters 'used dry run', say US officials". BBC News. November 2, 2010. Archived from the original on November 11, 2010. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- ^ Frank Gardner (October 31, 2010). "Dubai bomb was flown on passenger planes". BBC News. Archived from the original on November 1, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
- ^ Roula Khalaf; Abigail Fielding Smith (16 May 2013). "Qatar bankrolls Syrian revolt with cash and arms". Financial Times. Retrieved 3 June 2013. (subscription required)
- ^ Saudi edges Qatar to control Syrian rebel support retrieved 6 June 2013
- ^ a b c C. J. Chivers; Eric Schmitt (26 February 2013). "In Shift, Saudis Are Said to Arm Rebels in Syria". New York Times. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- ^ Kim Sengupta (12 May 2015). "Turkey and Saudi Arabia alarm the West by backing Islamist extremists the Americans had bombed in Syria". The Independent.
- ^ "Victory for Assad looks increasingly likely as world loses interest in Syria". The Guardian. 31 August 2017.
- ^ Leith Aboufadel (7 November 2018). "Syria and Saudi Arabia to potentially reconcile after UAE reopens Damascus embassy".
- ^ Mark Mazzetti; Ali Younes (26 June 2016). "C.I.A. Arms for Syrian Rebels Supplied Black Market, Officials Say". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
- ^ Andrea Barrile (28 June 2016). "Che fine fanno le armi USA ai ribelli siriani?". International Business Times Italy.
Last edited on 30 March 2021, at 14:48
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