General People's Congress (Yemen)
Saleh was re-elected as President in the first direct presidential elections
in 1999, and the party won a landslide victory in the 2003 parliamentary elections
, winning 226 of the 301 seats. Following the elections, several independent MPs also joined the party. Saleh was re-elected again in 2006
. After he was forced to stand down as a result of the Yemeni Revolution
, the party's Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi
as his successor. Saleh attempted to regain power over the country and the GPC in the following civil war
. Rallying a large part of the GPC in 2015, he sided with the Houthis
and effectively split the party into a pro-Hadi and Saleh faction.
The two factions were at war with each other until Saleh attempted to overthrow the Houthis. This power grab failed, however, and the former president as well as party secretary general Aref al-Zouka were killed in the Battle of Sana'a
of late 2017. Following Ali Abdullah Saleh's death, the GPC fractured further, with a large part of the former Saleh followers pledging allegiance to the Houthis. This pro-Houthi part of the GPC continued to support the rebel government in Sana'a, and elected Sadeq Ameen Abu Rass
as the new GPC chairman. One member of the pro-Houthi faction explained that "Ali Abdullah Saleh was killed by the Houthis. If we follow his direction and resist the Houthis, we will meet the same end as Saleh. So we prefer to support the strongest force on the ground."
House of Representatives elections
- ^ a b c d e f g h "Death of a leader: Where next for Yemen's GPC after murder of Saleh?". Middle East Eye. 23 January 2018. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
- ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-yemen-security/yemeni-party-names-new-leader-after-saleh-killed-idUSKBN1EW0JN
- ^ Burrowes, Robert D. (2010). Historical Dictionary of Yemen. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 134.
- ^ Burrowes, p111
- ^ a b Al Yemeni, Ahmed A. Hezam (2003). The Dynamic of Democratisation – Political Parties in Yemen (PDF). Toennes Satz + Druck GmbH. ISBN 3-89892-159-X.
- ^ Frank Tachau (1994) Political parties of the Middle East and North Africa, Greenwood Press, p633
Last edited on 7 April 2021, at 08:07
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