Giza Governorate
Giza Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الجيزةMuḥāfaẓah Al Jizah) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is in the center of the country, situated on the west bank of the Nile River opposite Cairo. Its capital is the city of Giza. It includes a stretch of the left bank of the Nile Valley around Giza, and acquired a large stretch of Egypt's Western Desert, including Bahariya Oasis when the 6th of October Governorate was merged into it on 14 April 2011. The Giza Governorate is also home to the Great Sphinx and the Pyramids of Giza.
Giza Governorate


Giza Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 29.26°N 29.67°E
SeatGiza (capital)
 • GovernorAhmed Rashed Mustafa Atifi[2]
 • Total85,153 km2 (32,878 sq mi)
Population (January 2018)
 • Total8,759,000[1]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2017)0.698[3]
The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.[4]
Municipal divisions
The governorate is divided into municipal divisions, with a total estimated population as of July 2017 of 8,666,090. In the case of Giza governorate, there are a number of aqsam and marakiz, with fully urban and rural parts. Sometimes a markaz and a kism share a name.[5][6]
Municipal Divisions
Anglicized nameNative nameArabic transliterationPopulation
(July 2017 Est.)
Dokkiقسم الدقيAd-Duqqī71,161Kism (fully urban)
Pyramidsقسم الأهرامAl-Ahrām661,478Kism (fully urban)
Agouzaقسم العجوزةAl-'Ajūzah279,400Kism (fully urban)
El Ayyatمركز العياطAl-'Ayyāṭ494,548Markaz
El Badrasheinمركز البدرشينAl-Badrashayn539,656Markaz
El Hawamdeyaقسم الحوامديةAl-Ḥawāmidiyah191,552Kism (urban and rural parts)
Gizaقسم الجيزةAl-Jīzah286,668Kism (fully urban)
Gizaمركز الجيزةAl-Jīzah369,351Markaz
El Omraniyaقسم العمرانيةAl-'Umrāniyah367,274Kism (fully urban)
El Wahat El Bahariyaقسم الواحات البحريةAl-Wāḥāt al-Baḥariyah39,415Kism (urban and rural parts)
El Warraqقسم الوراقAl-Warrāq724,963Kism (urban and rural parts)
Sheikh Zayed Cityقسم الشيخ زايدAsh-Shaykh Zāyid90,997Kism (fully urban)
El Saffمركز الصفAṣ-Ṣaff420,306Markaz
Atfehمركز أطفيحAṭfīḥ370,079Markaz
قسم الطالبيهAṭ-Ṭālbīah459,178Kism (fully urban)
Ossimمركز أوسيمAwsīm384,527Markaz
Bulaqقسم بولاق الدكرورBūlāq al-Dakrūr963,201Kism (fully urban)
Imbabaقسم امبابةImbābah634,686Kism (fully urban)
Imbabaمركز إمبابةImbābah518,036Markaz
Kerdasaمركز كرداسةKirdāsah449,596Markaz
6th of October City (2)قسم ثان 6 أكتوبرMadīnat Sittah Uktūbar 2197,019Kism (fully urban)
6 October City (1 & 3)قسم أول 6 أكتوبر / قسم ثالث 6 أكتوبرMadīnat Sittah Uktūbar 1 & 3152,999Kism (fully urban)
Historical population
According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate lived in urban areas, with an urbanization rate of 58.6%. Out of an estimated 7,585,115 people residing in the governorate, 4,446,805 people lived in urban areas as opposed to only 3,138,310 in rural areas.[9]
According to population estimates from 2018 the majority of residents in the governorate live in urban areas, with an urbanization rate of 60.9%. Out of an estimated 8,759,000 people residing in the governorate, 5,332,000 people live in urban areas as opposed to only 3,428,000 in rural areas.[1]
Industrial zones
According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), and the Ministry of Investment, the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[10]
Important sites
The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and people come from all over the world each year to see it. It is located in the Giza pyramid complex.
In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS), under the auspices of USAID, had several water, and road projects, going on in several markazes in the Giza Governorate.[12]
In a program that began on August 28, 2012 (through 2018), the European Union invested 40 million Euros on upgrading the infrastructure of informal areas in Giza Governorate.[13]
  1. ^ a b c "Population estimates by governorate: CAPMAS". www.capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2018-11-02. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  2. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "Social Solidarity Ministry to provide citizens with disabilities financial support". Egypt Independent. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Giza Governorate Subdivisions". CityPopulation.de. Archived from the original on 2018-11-24. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  6. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". statoids.com. Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 2017-10-19. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  7. ^ "EGYPT Administrative Division". Citypopulation.de. 2012-01-08. Archived from the original on February 20, 2014. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
  8. ^ "State Information Services Population". sis.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2014-08-19.
  9. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  10. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Giza Governorate" (PDF). GAFI. Archived(PDF) from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  12. ^ "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program"(PDF). USAID. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  13. ^ "Upgrading Informal Areas in the Greater Cairo Region". European Union External Action. Archived from the original on 2017-01-02.
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Last edited on 15 January 2021, at 15:32
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