According to the United States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of 5.97 square miles (15.46 km2
), of which, 5.76 square miles (14.92 km2
) is land and 0.21 square miles (0.54 km2
) is water.
The Town of Milwaukee Town Hall
, built in 1872, is located in the Glendale and is now a museum with many artifacts of the defunct town's government.
The Glendale area has been inhabited for thousands of years. The earliest known inhabitants were Woodland period Mound Builders
, who constructed earthen effigy and burial mounds in the area. Many of the mounds were destroyed by white farmers between 1850 and 1920, though some still exist in Kletzsch Park. In the early 19th century, the land was controlled by Native Americans, including the Menominee
, and Sauk people
. The Menominee surrendered the land east of the Milwaukee River to the United States Federal Government through the Treaty of Washington
in 1832. In 1833, the Potawatomi surrendered the land west of the river by signing the Treaty of Chicago
, which required them to leave Wisconsin by 1838.
The land was organized as part of the Town of Milwaukee
in 1838, and the first white settlers were farmers, many of whom were German immigrants. One center of settlement was the Good Hope
community, which formed as a stagecoach stop on Green Bay Road in the late 1840s
and was a prosperous rural community with a tavern, a school, and a railroad station into the 1890s.
Glendale incorporated as a city on December 28, 1950 from portions of the Town of Milwaukee,
including a prosperous industrial corridor along Capitol Drive. It began to develop rapidly in the 1950s, reflecting post-World War II metropolitan growth and migration patterns throughout the United States. Bayshore Town Center
(formerly called Bayshore Mall) was established on the eastern border of the city in 1954, and Cardinal Stritch University
built a campus straddling the city and the neighboring Village of Fox Point
in 1959. In the 1950s, the construction of Interstate 43
further contributed to the city's rapid growth, and the population roughly tripled between 1950 and 1960.
Unlike other northshore suburbs of Milwaukee, Glendale has a mix of industry and commercial sites in addition to residential areas. The southern areas of the city have mainly industrial and higher density residential sites, while the north features medium to lower density residential plots. Interstate 43
divides the city into east and west sections. Nicolet High School
is also located in Glendale and serves the city, along with the suburbs of Fox Point
, and River Hills
. Glendale has begun an ambitious campaign to attract business and population growth. Major roads have undergone massive streetscaping projects, Bayshore Town Center has undergone a multimillion-dollar renovation, and the Glendale Business Park continues to welcome high tech clients. In June 2017, the Richard E. Maslowski Glendale Community Park was opened which includes an amphitheater, playground, veterans memorial, beer garden and community room.
As of the census
of 2010, there were 12,872 people, 5,815 households, and 3,381 families living in the city. The population density
was 2,234.7 inhabitants per square mile (862.8/km2
). There were 6,191 housing units at an average density of 1,074.8 per square mile (415.0/km2
). The racial makeup of the city was 79.4% White
, 14.1% African American
, 0.2% Native American
, 3.2% Asian
, 0.1% Pacific Islander
, 0.7% from other races
, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 3.6% of the population.
There were 5,815 households, of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples
living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.9% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.80.
The median age in the city was 46.8 years. 18.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.2% were from 25 to 44; 29.8% were from 45 to 64; and 22.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.4% male and 53.6% female.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 13,367 people, 5,772 households, and 3,515 families living in the city. The population density
was 2,307.4 people per square mile (891.4/km2
). There were 5,974 housing units at an average density of 1,031.2 per square mile (398.4/km2
). The racial makeup of the city was 86.76% White
, 8.13% African American
, 0.23% Native American
, 2.96% Asian
, 0.10% Pacific Islander
, 0.49% from other races
, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 1.77% of the population.
There were 5,772 households, out of which 24.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples
living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 19.4% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 24.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $55,306, and the median income for a family was $68,429. Males had a median income of $45,670 versus $36,334 for females. The per capita income
for the city was $30,328. About 2.6% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.
- ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Archived from the original on 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- ^ "Potawatomi History". Milwaukee Public Museum. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
- ^ a b "Glendale, Wisconsin: History". Village of Glendale. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
- ^ Morris, Robert, ed. Glendale, Wisconsin: rich past, bright future, 1950-2000 Glendale, Wisconsin:Glendale, Wisconsin 50th Anniversary Committee, 2000; p. 67
- ^ "Glendale, County of Milwaukee: Certificate of Incorporation" (PDF). Wisconsin Secretary of State. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- ^ "Encyclopedia of Milwaukee: City of Glendale". University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
- ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
Last edited on 23 June 2021, at 02:20
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