Gooseneck barnacles reaching down from the top of a tidal cave in Oregon
"The goose-tree" from Gerard's Herbal
(1597), displaying the belief that goose barnacles produced barnacle geese.
In the days before it was realised that birdsmigrate
, it was thought that barnacle geese
, Branta leucopsis
, developed from this crustacean through spontaneous generation
, since they were never seen to nest
in temperate Europe
hence the English
names "goose barnacle", "barnacle goose" and the scientific name Lepas anserifera
, "goose"). The confusion was prompted by the similarities in colour and shape. Because they were often found on driftwood
, it was assumed that the barnacles were attached to branches before they fell in the water. The archdeacon
, Gerald of Wales
, made this claim in his Topographia Hiberniae
The order Pedunculata is divided into the following suborders and families
Gooseneck barnacles being enjoyed in a Spanish restaurant in Madrid
, the species Pollicipes pollicipes
is a widely consumed and expensive delicacy known as percebes
are harvested commercially in the Iberian northern coast, mainly in Galicia
, but also in the Southwestern Portuguese coast (Alentejo
) and are also imported from other countries within its range of distribution, particularly from Morocco
. A larger but less palatable species (Pollicipes polymerus
) was also imported to Spain from Canada
until 1999, when the Canadian government ceased exports due to depletion of stocks.
In Spain, percebes are lightly boiled in brine and served whole and hot under a napkin. To eat percebes, the diamond shaped foot is pinched between thumb and finger and the inner tube pulled out of the scaly case. The claw is removed and the remaining flesh is swallowed.
Historically, the indigenous peoples of California
used to eat the stem after cooking it in hot ashes.
- ^ "Pedunculata Lamarck, 1818". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved May 6, 2011.
- ^ a b Michael Allaby (2009). "Barnacles". Animals: from Mythology to Zoology. Infobase Publishing. pp. 75–77. ISBN 978-0-8160-6101-3.
- ^ Beatrice White (1945). "Whale-hunting, the barnacle goose, and the date of the "Ancrene Riwle". Three notes on Old and Middle English". The Modern Language Review. 40 (3): 205–207. doi:10.2307/3716844. JSTOR 3716844.
- ^ Henisch, Bridget Ann, Fast and Feast: Food in Medieval Society. The Pennsylvania State Press, University Park. 1976. ISBN 0-271-01230-7, pp. 48–49.
- ^ Joel W. Martin & George E. Davis (2001). An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea(PDF). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. pp. 1–132.
- ^ "Percebes: Grail trail". 23 April 2004 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- ^ The Natural World of the California Indians. By Robert F. Heizer and Albert B. Elsasser.
Last edited on 5 March 2021, at 14:05
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