This article is about only the executive branch, headed by the Prime minister. For all branches, see Politics of Russia
The large body was preceded by Government of the Soviet Union
. Since the Russian Federation emerged from 1991 to 1992, the government's structure has undergone several major changes. In the initial years, a large number of government bodies, primarily the different ministries, underwent massive reorganization as the old Soviet governing networks were adapted to the new state. Many reshuffles and renamings occurred.
On 28 November 1991, President of the RSFSR Boris Yeltsin
signed presidential decree
No.242 "On the reorganization of the government bodies of the RSFSR". Yeltsin officially declared the end of the Soviet Union and became the President of the Russian Federation. Yeltsin was a reformer and promised Western-styled democracy.
In 1993, the new Russian Constitution was adopted. The new Constitution gained legitimacy through its bicameral legislature, an independent judiciary, the position of the president and the prime minister, and democratic features. These democratic features included competitive multi-party elections, separation of powers, federalism, and protection of civil liberties.
In 1999, Yeltsin appointed Vladimir Putin as the Prime Minister. Later in that year, Yeltsin resigned from the presidency and Putin took over. In 2000 Putin won the presidential election.
Responsibilities and power
- Draft and submit the federal budget to the State Duma; ensure the implementation of the budget and report on its implementation to the State Duma;
- Ensure the implementation of a uniform financial, credit and monetary policy in the Russian Federation ;
- Ensure the implementation of a uniform state policy in the areas of culture, science, education, health protection, social security and ecology;
- Manage federal property;
- Adopt measures to ensure the country's defense, state security, and the implementation of the foreign policy of the Russian Federation;
- Implement measures to ensure the rule of law, human rights and freedoms, the protection of property and public order, and crime control;
- Exercise any other powers vested in it by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws and presidential decrees.
The Government, also assists the Prime Minister, in faithfully carrying out the country's domestic and foreign policy as determined by the President, in general.
Lists of ministers
- ^ Russian Government web portal – Text of 1997 Federal Constitutional Law "On the Government of the Russian Federation" (in Russian)
- ^ "Putin Leaves Cabinet Little-Changed, Brings In Close Ally's Son". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
- ^ The Constitution of the Russian Federation: Chapter 6 Archived October 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
Last edited on 6 June 2021, at 09:22
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