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Governorate council (Jordan)
Governorate council (Arabic: مجلس المحافظة‎‎ Majlis Al-Muhafaza) is an elected local assembly in Jordan. The concept was founded by a 2015 decentralization law, and was first established in the 2017 local elections.
There are 12 governorate councils consisting of 381 members elected from 158 constituencies. 85% of the council seats are elected, while 15% are appointed by the central government. The council have no legislative authority and works only on development and services in their respective governorates to reduce the pressure on the parliament.
Background
The 2015 decentralization law aims at establishing governorate councils to reduce pressure on the parliament, so that the latter can focus solely on its legislative and government oversight roles.[1] The councils have no legislative authority and focus on development and services in their respective governorates.[1] The Parliament also enacted the new municipality laws and shed the "one man one vote system" and introduced proportional representation. In a 15 August 2016 interview, King Abdullah II described the new decentralization law as "a very important link in the chain of reforms".[2]
Structure
In the governorate council's first meeting, the permanent committees are elected; development, economic, financial, tourism, water, energy, agriculture, health, education, public works and local community committees. The committees are made up of between four and seven members, for a two-year term.[1] The councils are elected for a four-year term, and the power to dismantle the councils lies with the cabinet which can also call for new elections or postpone them. The decentralization law states that councils have administrative and financial independence.[3] They are expected to endorse budgets, strategic plans, service and infrastructure projects.[4] They work together with the executive council of the governorate, which is composed from representatives of the central government, such as the governors and directors.[4]
There are 12 governorate councils that will be elected from 158 constituencies and the councils consists of 381 members; of which 336 are elected. The 336 members include a 32-seat quota for women. A third of the 45 members appointed by the government (15% of elected) are allocated for women, making the total number of seats for women 47.[4]
GovernorateConstituenciesSeatsWomen quota
Amman32535
Irbid30414
Balqa12232
Karak10242
Ma'an9162
Zarqa13303
Mafraq18354
Tafilah7152
Madaba7162
Ajloun7192
Jerash7172
Aqaba6152
Total[4]15830432
2017 election
In an 11 February 2017 meeting with the Independent Electoral Commission, the King stated his support to the Commission to carry the local elections. The Commission announced 15 August 2017 as the date for the election, after royal directives.[5]
By 6 July 2017, 1,195 men and 119 women have registered with the Independent Electoral Commission to run for governorate council membership.[6]
See also
References
  1. ^ a b c "Cabinet endorses new statute under Decentralisation Law". The Jordan Times. 17 November 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  2. ^ "Real reform starts with citizen engagement — King". The Jordan Times. 15 August 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  3. ^ "King directs government to hold local elections". The Jordan Times. 12 February 2017. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d "Proposed by-law increases seats, women's quota at governorate councils". The Jordan Times. 18 February 2017. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Local elections slated for August 15". The Jordan Times. 13 February 2017. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  6. ^ "6,950 prospective candidates registered for August local elections". The Jordan Times. 27 July 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
Last edited on 25 June 2019, at 00:46
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