Greendale was one of three "Greenbelt" communities constructed by the Resettlement Administration
, starting in 1936, as part of President Franklin Roosevelt
's New Deal
. The communities were built to demonstrate a new kind of suburban living, with housing situated within easy walking distance of gardens, employment and the town center. The other Greenbelt communities were Greenbelt, Maryland
and Greenhills, Ohio
The communities were designed with three goals in mind: to combine the advantages of city and country life; to provide good housing at reasonable prices for moderate income families; and to provide jobs to unemployed workers. The planners and selection committees excluded African American families from renting homes and created a racially segregated and all-white suburban community.
All of the property was owned by the government and rented to families based on income, housing need and family size. Some exceptions were made for those with special skills, such as medical doctors and other professionals. In 1949 the Public Housing Administration gave Greendale residents the right to purchase their homes from the government. The transfer of ownership from the government to the people was largely complete by 1952.
In the late 1950s Greendale experienced growth in conjunction with the expansion of the Milwaukee suburbs as a whole. While new homes were built and the number of minority families increased in Milwaukee County, racially restrictive covenants were used to maintain the all-white Greendale community. In 1958, the Crestview Acres land was sold by Elroy H. Barbian for development with the restrictive covenant that only white families could purchase the homes. "No Persons other than the white race shall own or occupy any building on said tract, but this covenant shall not prevent occupancy of persons of a race other than the white race who are domestic servants of the owner or occupant of said building."
In 1996, the shopping district in the center of the village was purchased by the Grandhaven investment firm founded by Roy Reiman
, founder of a publishing company headquartered in the village. The remake of the "Village Center" brought updates, attracted new restaurants, and made the village center more of a tourist attraction.
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the village has a total area of 5.57 square miles (14.43 km2
), of which, 5.56 square miles (14.40 km2
) of it is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2
) is water.
Scout Lake is a 5 acre lake located in Greendale. It has a maximum depth of 19 feet. Fish include panfish, largemouth bass and northern pike.
As of the census
of 2010, there were 14,046 people, 6,075 households, and 4,016 families residing in the village. The population density
was 2,526.3 inhabitants per square mile (975.4/km2
). There were 6,294 housing units at an average density of 1,132.0 per square mile (437.1/km2
). The racial makeup of the village was 92.8% White
, 1.2% African American
, 0.4% Native American
, 3.1% Asian
, 0.9% from other races
, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 4.7% of the population.
There were 6,075 households, of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples
living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.9% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.87.
The median age in the village was 45.3 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.7% were from 25 to 44; 28.2% were from 45 to 64; and 22.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.
The Greendale Historic District
was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2005 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 2012. Trimborn Farm
, also on the National Register of Historic Places, is in Greendale.
The village has one public high school, one public middle school, and three public elementary schools. Greendale High School
was named by Newsweek as one of America’s Best High Schools in its 2009 & 2010 rankings.
In 2007 the Greendale School District was ranked by Milwaukee Magazine
as the top school system among the Milwaukee metropolitan area.Martin Luther High School
is a private high school in the village.
Part of the Root River Parkway is in Greendale.
Whitnall Park, which is the largest park in Milwaukee County.
borders Greendale on the western boundary of the village. Whitnall Park offers many recreation options, including an 18-hole golf course,
many hiking, biking and cross-country ski trails,
the Wehr Nature Center 
and the Boerner Botanical Gardens.
The largest mall in Wisconsin, Southridge Mall
, is located in Greendale. The mall has over 125 stores, including the major department stores J. C. Penney, and Macy's.
The nearby downtown village center has more than a dozen independent shops 
and six restaurants.
Downtown shopping district
Greendale High School
Street in the National Historic District
Street in the National Historic District
Houses in Greendale (historical photo)
Original stone carving by Alonzo Hauser
The now gone Greendale Theater
- ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ Lindsay Isaacs. "A federal experiment sets out lasting models for suburban development". American City & County.
- ^ https://uwm.edu/urban-studies/wp-content/uploads/sites/231/2015/12/Starner-Heffron82-100.pdf
- ^ Kenneth R. Lamke. "Pioneering Residences At Heart Of Suburb's Modern Market". Chicago Tribune, June 14, 1998.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- ^ "Wisconsin DNR". Retrieved 2019-12-03.
- ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- ^ http://www.greendale.k12.wi.us/about-us.html
- ^ http://www.newsweek.com/id/201160 Retrieved 2009-10-29
- ^http://www.milwaukeemagazine.com/guides/default.asp?newmessageid=13643Archived 2010-01-23 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2009-10-29
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-04-07. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
- ^ "Southridge Mall largest Milwaukee-area shopping center". Milwaukee Business Journal, January 31, 2014. Accessed April 28, 2016.(subscription required)
- ^ http://www.simon.com/mall/southridge-mall/about
- ^ http://discovergreendale.com/shops/
Last edited on 17 March 2021, at 04:57
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