Design and description
The two 6-inch guns on her sister shipHermes'
was designed to displace
5,650 long tons (5,740 t). The ship had an overall length
of 372 feet (113.4 m), a beam
of 54 feet (16.5 m) and a draught
of 29 feet 6 inches (9.0 m). She was powered by two 4-cylinder triple-expansion steam engines
, each driving one shaft, which produced a total of 10,000 indicated horsepower
(7,500 kW) designed to give a maximum speed of 20 knots
(37 km/h; 23 mph). Highflyer
reached a speed of 20.1 knots (37.2 km/h; 23.1 mph) from 10,344 ihp (7,714 kW), during her sea trials
. The engines were powered by 18 Belleville boilers
She carried a maximum of 1,125 long tons (1,143 t) of coal and her complement consisted of 470 officers and enlisted men.
The ship's protective deck
armour ranged in thickness from 1.5 to 3 inches (38 to 76 mm). The engine hatches were protected by 5-inch (127 mm) of armour. The main guns were fitted with 3-inch gun shields
and the conning tower
had armour 6 inches thick.
Construction and service
She was transferred to the North America and West Indies Station in 1904 and served as its flagship until November 1906 when returned to the East Indies Station. Highflyer
was placed in reserve at Devonport Royal Dockyard
in 1908 and then assigned to the reserve Third Fleet in 1910. She was again assigned as the flagship of the Commander-in-Chief, East Indies, in February 1911 until departing for home in April 1913. In August 1913 she became the training ship for Special Entry Cadets
In August 1914 she was allocated to the 9th Cruiser Squadron, under Rear Admiral John de Robeck
, on the Finisterre station
. She left Plymouth
on 4 August, in the company of the admiral on HMS Vindictive
The Dutch ocean liner Tubantia
, was returning from South America when the war began with £500,000 in gold destined for banks in London, a large portion of which was intended for the German Bank of London.
She was also carrying about 150 German reservists in steerage
and a cargo of grain destined for Germany.
She was stopped and boarded by an officer and crewmen from Highflyer
and escorted into port at Plymouth.
She was then transferred to the Cape Verde
station, to support Rear Admiral Archibald Stoddart
's 5th Cruiser Squadron
in the hunt for the German armed merchant cruiser SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse
. She had been sighted at Río de Oro
, a Spanish anchorage on the Saharan
coast. On 26 August Highflyer
found the German ship taking on coal from three colliers
. Highflyer's captain demanded that the Germans surrender. The captain of Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse
claimed the protection of neutral waters, but as he was breaking that neutrality himself by staying for more than a week, his claim was denied. Fighting
broke out at 15:10, and lasted until 16:45, when the crew of Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse
abandoned ship and escaped to the shore. The German ship was sunk, with the British losing one man killed (Richard James Lobb) and five injured in the engagement.
In mid-1916 the Prize Court
awarded the crew of Highflyer
£2,680 for the sinking of the German ship.
On 15 October Highflyer
briefly became the flagship of the Cape Verde station, when Stoddard was ordered to Pernambuco
, Brazil. Later in the same month she was ordered to accompany the transport ships carrying the Capegarrison
back to Britain and then searched the Atlantic coast of North Africa for the German light cruiser SMS Karlsruhe
. After the Battle of Coronel
in November, Highflyer
came back under the control of Admiral de Robeck, as part of a squadron formed to guard West Africa against Admiral Maximilian von Spee
. This squadron, consisting of the cruisers HMS Warrior
, HMS Black Prince
, HMS Donegal
was in place off Sierra Leone
from 12 November, but was soon dispersed after the battle of the Falklands
in December. Highflyer
then took part in the search for the commerce raider Kronprinz Wilhelm
, coming close to catching her in January 1915.
She remained on the West Africa station until she was transferred to the North America and West Indies Squadron in 1917.
This was the period of unrestricted submarine warfare
, and the Admiralty
eventually decided to operate a convoy system in the North Atlantic. On 10 July 1917 Highflyer
provided the escort for convoy HS 1, the first convoy to sail from Canada to Britain.
She was in Halifax for the Halifax Explosion on 6 December 1917 when the French ammunition ship SS Mont-Blanc
exploded destroying much of the city. Highflyer
launched a whaleboat
before the explosion to investigate the fire aboard Mont-Blanc
; the ship exploded before they reached her, killing nine of ten men in the boat. Many aboard the ship were injured by blast and she was lightly damaged herself. Her crew provided medical care to survivors and helped to clear debris. She departed Halifax on 11 December to escort a convoy to Plymouth.
returned to the East Indies Station in 1918 and was paid off
in March 1919. She was recommissioned in July as the station flagship and served until she was paid off in early 1921
and sold for scrap there on 10 June.
"Cwt" is the abbreviation for hundredweight
, 12 cwt referring to the weight of the gun.
- ^ a b c d Chesneau & Kolesnik, p. 79
- ^ a b Friedman 2012, p. 336
- ^ Friedman 2011, p. 87
- ^ Friedman 2012, p. 171
- ^ Friedman 2011, pp. 87–88
- ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (35535). London. 6 June 1898. p. 12.
- ^ "Naval & Military Intelligence". The Times (36040). London. 16 January 1900. p. 9.
- ^ "Naval & Military Intelligence". The Times (36399). London. 11 March 1901. p. 10.
- ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36758). London. 3 May 1902. p. 14.
- ^ "Mauritius and the Coronation". The Times (36873). London. 15 September 1902. p. 4.
- ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36926). London. 15 November 1902. p. 12.
- ^ Friedman 2012, p. 170; Gardiner & Gray, p. 13
- ^ Corbett, Vol. I, pp. 41–42
- ^ a b c "British capture $2,500,000 prize". The Washington Post. 8 August 1914. p. 1.
- ^ a b "3,600 refugees home on 2 ships". The New York Times. 18 August 1914. p. 5.
- ^ Corbett, Vol. I, pp. 134–35
- ^ "Prize Money for Warship". The Argus. Melbourne. 5 July 1916. p. 10. Retrieved 29 November 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
- ^ Corbett, Vol. I, pp. 329, 365, 371
- ^ Corbett, Vol. II, pp. 245, 252–53
- ^ Friedman 2012, p. 170
- ^ Newbolt, Vol. V, pp. 52–53
- ^ Transcript
- ^ Gardiner & Gray, p. 13
- ^ Colledge, p. 163
- Chesneau, Roger & Kolesnik, Eugene M., eds. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Greenwich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8.
- Corbett, Julian (March 1997). Naval Operations to the Battle of the Falklands. History of the Great War: Based on Official Documents. I (2nd, reprint of the 1938 ed.). London and Nashville, Tennessee: Imperial War Museum and Battery Press. ISBN 0-89839-256-X.
- Corbett, Julian (1997). Naval Operations. History of the Great War: Based on Official Documents. II (reprint of the 1929 second ed.). London and Nashville, Tennessee: Imperial War Museum in association with the Battery Press. ISBN 1-870423-74-7.
- Friedman, Norman (2012). British Cruisers of the Victorian Era. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Seaforth. ISBN 978-1-59114-068-9.
- Friedman, Norman (2011). Naval Weapons of World War One. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Seaforth. ISBN 978-1-84832-100-7.
- Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal, eds. (1985). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1906–1921. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
- Goldrick, James (1984). The King's Ships Were at Sea: The War in the North Sea August 1914–February 1915. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-334-2.
- Newbolt, Henry (1996). Naval Operations. History of the Great War Based on Official Documents. V (reprint of the 1931 ed.). Nashville, Tennessee: Battery Press. ISBN 0-89839-255-1.
- "Transcript: HMS HIGHFLYER – September 1917 to December 1919, British Home Waters, North Atlantic; September 1920 to March 1921, East Indies Station". Royal Navy Log Books of the World War 1 Era. Naval-History.net. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
Last edited on 22 May 2021, at 22:42
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