Habitability - Wikipedia
For habitability of planets, see Planetary habitability. For habitability of planet systems, see Habitable zone.
"Living conditions" redirects here. For the philosophical concept, see quality of life. For the Buffy the Vampire Slayer episode, see Living Conditions.
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Habitability is the conformance of a residence or abode to the implied warranty of habitability.[circular definition] A residence that complies is said to be habitable. It is an implied warranty or contract, meaning it does not have to be an express contract, covenant, or provision of a contract. There was no implied warranty of habitability for tenants at common law and the legal doctrine has since developed in many jurisdictions through housing laws and regulations.[1][2] Habitability is a common law doctrine that is largely synonymous with tenantability.[3]
In order to be habitable, such housing usually:
New York law
Some states, such as New York, have given additional statutory protections in addition to those created by caselaw.[14] These statutes include:
  1. Lobby attendant service by a concierge or landlord [15]
  2. Elevator mirrors [16]
  3. Smoke detectors[17]
  4. Window guards[18]
  5. Intercoms and self-locking doors[19]
  6. Protection from lead paint [20]
Violation of the warranty of habitability results in constructive eviction, whereby the landlord or lessor has, in effect, evicted the tenant or lessee.[21] The tenant may remedy the problem,[22][23] or complain to local government authorities for remedies.[24]
See also
  1. ^ "Landlord-Tenant Law". Wex. Cornell Law School. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  2. ^ "Duties of the Landlord". LawShelf. National Paralegal College. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  3. ^ Cudney, Kevin (1975). "Landlord and Tenant--Tenantable Condition of Premises--Relation of Landlord's Statutory Obligations to Common Law Warranty of Landlord's Statutory Obligations to Common Law Warranty of Habitability [Habitability". Case Western Reserve Law Review. 25 (2): 371.
  4. ^ In New York, see N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law § 79.
  5. ^ Mold in condominium: Negligent maintenance: Breach of warranty of habitability: Settlement: Verdict | Law Reporter | Find Articles at BNET.com
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-05-02.
  7. ^ Pennsylvania
  8. ^ generally, United States
  9. ^ California
  10. ^ District of Columbia
  11. ^ Vermont (form).
  13. ^ Massachusetts
  14. ^ See N.Y. Attorney General's WebsiteArchived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine, q.v., and in External sources.
  15. ^ N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law §50-c
  16. ^ N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law §51-b; NYC Admin. Code §27-2042
  17. ^ N.Y. Multiple Residence Law §15; Buffalo Code Ch. 395; NYC Admin. Code §27-2045, §27-2046
  18. ^ NYC Health Code §131.15
  19. ^ N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law §50-a
  20. ^ NYC Health Code §173.14;
  21. ^ Josephson, Richard C. (1971). "The Implied Warranty of Habitability in Landlord-Tenant Relations". William & Mary Law Review. 12 (3): 580. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  22. ^ See N.Y. Real Property Law §235-b.
  23. ^ Warranty of Habitability (rev 7/96)
  24. ^ N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law (MDL) §78 and §80; Multiple Residence Law (MRL) §174. (Note: The MDL applies to cities with a population of 325,000 or more and the MRL applies to cities with less than 325,000 and to all towns and villages; from N.Y. Attorney General's Website Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  25. ^ (Note to editors: merge with this article?)
External links
Last edited on 27 February 2021, at 21:27
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