This article is about the entire period of Habsburg rule in the Low Countries. For the rule of the Spanish branch, see Spanish Netherlands
. For that of the Austrian branch, see Austrian Netherlands
Burgundian Netherlands (orange) upon the death of Charles the Bold
Already under the Holy Roman Empire rule of the Burgundian duke Philip the Good
(1419–1467), the provinces of the Netherlands began to grow together, whereas previously they were split with being either the tributary of the French Kingdom or of Burgundy under the Holy Roman Empire banner. The collected fiefdoms were Flanders
were ruled in personal union
by the Valois-Burgundy monarchs and represented in the States-General
assembly. The centre of the Burgundian possessions was the Duchy of Brabant, where the Burgundian dukes held court in Brussels
Philip's son Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
, born in Ghent
, succeeded his father in 1506, when he was still a six-year-old minor. His paternal grandfather, Emperor Maximilian I, incorporated the Burgundian heritage into the Burgundian Circle
, whereafter the territories in the far west of the Empire developed a certain grade of autonomy. Attaining full age in 1515, Charles went on to rule his Burgundian heritage as a native Netherlander. He acquired the lands of Overijssel
and the Bishopric of Utrecht
(see Guelders Wars
), purchased Friesland from Duke George of Saxony
and regained Groningen
. His Seventeen Provinces were re-organised in the 1548 Burgundian Treaty
, whereby the Imperial estates represented in the Imperial Diet
acknowledged a certain autonomy of the Netherlands. It was followed by a pragmatic sanction
by the Emperor the next year, which established the Seventeen Provinces as an entity separate from the Empire and from France.
After the secession of 1581, the southern provinces, called "'t Hof van Brabant" (of Flandria, Artois, the Tournaisis
, Luxembourg, Limburg, Hainaut, Namur, Mechelen, Brabant, and Upper Guelders
) remained with the House of Habsburg until the French Revolutionary Wars
. After the extinction of the Spanish Habsburgs and the War of the Spanish Succession
, the southern provinces were also known as the Austrian Netherlands
from 1715 onwards.
In 1578 the Dutch insurgents appointed Archduke Matthias of Austria
governor, though he could not prevail and resigned before the 1581 Act of Abjuration.
- ^ Sicking, L. H. J. (2004-01-01). Neptune and the Netherlands: State, Economy, and War at Sea in the Renaissance. BRILL. p. 13. ISBN 9004138501.
- ^ "How Brussels became the capital of Europe 500 years ago". The Brussels Times. 2017-04-21. Retrieved 2020-03-01.
- ^ Jr, Everett Jenkins (2015-05-07). The Muslim Diaspora (Volume 2, 1500-1799): A Comprehensive Chronology of the Spread of Islam in Asia, Africa, Europe and the Americas. McFarland. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-4766-0889-1.
- ^ Kamen, Henry (2014-03-26). Spain, 1469–1714: A Society of Conflict. Routledge. ISBN 9781317755005.
Last edited on 7 April 2021, at 17:18
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