Hama has historically been a centre of opposition to the Assad regime, and it was the centre of an uprising
in the late 1970s to the early 1980s that resulted in the 1982 Hama massacre
Syrian Civil War
The city was one of several that saw anti-Assad protests in 2011, the violent suppression of which ultimately led to the outbreak of civil war.
Despite this, for the most part the governorate has stayed under the Syrian Government's control, with exceptions of parts of the north-west in the early years of the conflict.
The eastern desert regions of the governorate fell under the control of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
but by September 2017 the Syrian Army had managed to oust them.
The western regions of the governorate are part of the Syrian Coastal Mountain Range
(Nusayriyah Mountains), running north to south.
Roughly parallel with the mountains to the east is the Al-Ghab Plain
, with the Orontes river
flowing through it, Hama city lies on this river.
The central and eastern regions of the governorate consists of flatter desert terrain.
The provincial capital is Hama
; other major settlements include Akakir
, Al Qastal, Al-Saan
, Aqarib as Safi, At Tammazah, Ithriya
, Kafr Buhum
, Qalaat al-Madiq
, Qasr Ibn Wardan
, Shaykh Hilal
, Shaytalun, Suran
and Tayyibat at Turki.
As per the 2004 Syrian census the population was 1,385,000.
A 2011 UNOCHA
estimate put the population at 1,628,000, though this has likely changed since the start of the war.
Map of Hama Governorate
Abu Qubays castle
Roman bridge in Mahardah
- ^ a b "Syria Provinces". www.statoids.com.
- ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/Syria.html
- ^ "Syria: Bloody Challenge to Assad". Time. 8 March 1982.
- ^ JOHN KIFNER (12 February 1982). "Syrian Troops Are Said To Battle Rebels Encircled in Central City". The New York Times. Hama (Syria); Syria. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
- ^ "'Half a million' protest on streets of Hama - Middle East". Al Jazeera English. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
- ^ "Rebels seize towns in central Syria". Reuters. 19 December 2012. Archived from the original on 19 December 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- ^ "Syrian Army begins new offensive to liberate Raqqa". Al-Masdar news. 2 June 2016.
- ^ "Breaking: ISIS agrees to surrender all its territory in rural Hama to the Syrian Army". AMN - Al-Masdar News | المصدر نيوز. 2017-09-21. Retrieved 2017-09-21.
- ^ Federal Research Division, Library of Congress (2005) "Country Profile: Syria" page 5
- ^ "Asi-Orontes Basin". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
- ^ Syrian Arab Republic - Governorates profile(PDF), UNOCHA, June 2014, retrieved 20 March 2020
- ^ Hussain Ibrahim Qutrib (2016), "Useful Syria" and Demographic Changes in Syria (PDF), King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies, retrieved 20 March 2020
The First Complete website for hama news and services
Last edited on 18 February 2021, at 19:12
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.