Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba
Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba (Nujaba or HHN; Arabic: حركة حزب الله النجباء‎‎, romanizedḤaraka Ḥizballāh an-Nujabā’, lit. 'Movement of the Party of God's Nobles'), officially the 12th Brigade is an Iraqi Shi'ite paramilitary group that is especially active in Syria. The group is considered an Iranian proxy. It openly receives training, arms, and military advice from Iran.[1][32] It is part of Iraq's Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF), a group of Shi’ite militias that are close to Iran.
Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba
Arabic: حركة حزب الله النجباء
LeadersAkram al-Kaabi[1]
SpokespersonHashim al-Mousawi[2]
Dates of operation2013–present
 Iran (IRGC)[3]
 Iraq (2014–present)[4]
Group(s)See section
Active regionsIraq
Gaza Strip (charity work)[5]
Syrian Civil War
East Ghouta, Damascus[6]
Al-Ghab Plain, Hama[8]
IdeologyShia Islamism
Vilayat-e Faqih[9]
Part of
Popular Mobilization Forces (In Iraq)[9][12]
4th Armoured Division (In Syria)[13]
AlliesState allies
Non-state allies
OpponentsState opponents
Non-state opponents
Battles and warsIraqi insurgency (2003–11) (as Asaib Ahl al-Haq)
Designated as a terrorist group by United States[30][31]
WebsiteOfficial website
Preceded by
Asaib Ahl al-Haq
HHN has a TV channel named Al-Nujaba TV, which is based in Baghdad, Iraq.[33]
In February 2019, the United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo designated Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba (and all its aliases and component parts) and its leader Akram al-Kaabi and Al-Nujaba TV Specially Designated Global Terrorists.[34][35]
Flags of Harakat al-Nujaba
HHN emerged in 2013 as an offshoot of the Iraqi paramilitary Asaib Ahl al-Haq (AAH) and is led by AAH co-founder Akram al-Kaabi. al-Kaabi said that he formed the militia after a period of militant inactivity in the Syrian Civil War. He denies it emerged from a "split" with AAH, but that he chose not to unify with them due to disagreements.[9] The two groups still share close affinity, often simultaneously commemorating martyrs.[38] They have released a nasheed praising Iranian Quds Force commander Qasem Suleimani.[1] Both groups follow the Iranian government's ideology, and al-Kaabi has stated that he would overthrow the Iraqi government or fight alongside the Yemeni Houthis if ordered by Grand Ayatollah Khamenei.[12]
HHN was one of the first Iraqi paramilitaries to send fighters to Syria, where it has been active since its formation in 2013. It has had an increasing role in Syria after a significant boost to recruitment efforts took place in 2015.[38] It was a major participant in the 2015 South Aleppo offensive[39] and the breaking of the siege of the Shia towns Nubl and Zahraa.[40]
In December 2014, ABNA.ir published photos of Iranian-built Yasir UAV (an unlicensed copy of the American ScanEagle) claimed in use with HHN.[41]
In April 2015, al-Kaabi said HHN had suffered 126 casualties, including 38 in Syria.[1]
On 1 January 2019, al-Kaabi said that the IRGC and Lebanese Hezbollah helped the militant Shi'ite forces of the Mahdi Army that were fighting the U.S. forces in 2004. He said that in the 2004 Battle of Najaf, IRGC and Hezbollah officers were present on the ground and helped during the battle, in which 13 US servicemen were killed and over 100 wounded.[42]
HHN comprises four brigades:[43][44]
See also
  1. ^ a b c d Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad. "Interview with the leader of Harakat al-Nujaba: Translation and Analysis". Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Spokesman For Iran-Backed Iraqi Shi'ite Militia In Syria: 'We Have Established The Golan Liberation Army'". MEMRI.
  3. ^ https://www.fdd.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/HarakatNujaba.pdf
  4. ^ "خلاطي: حركة النجباء جزء من مؤسسة الحشد الشعبي الرسمية". حركة النجباء.
  5. ^ https://www.terrorism-info.org.il/en/nujaba-movement-iraqi-shiite-militia-handled-iran-also-operates-gaza-strip/
  6. ^ قناة النجباء الفضائية (10 October 2015). "عمليات حركة النجباء في سوريا - الغوطة الشرقية". Retrieved 8 June 2016 – via YouTube.
  7. ^ Stahlgewitter Syrien 2 (11 November 2015). "Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba: Operation in Latakia (2015)". Retrieved 8 June 2016 – via YouTube.
  8. ^ قناة النجباء الفضائية (1 September 2015). "المقاومة الاسلامية حركة النجباء معارك تحرير سهل الغاب / سوريا". Retrieved 8 June 2016 – via YouTube.
  9. ^ a b c "Iraq's Shiite forces claim victory over IS". Al-Monitor. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  10. ^ "Assad Rex? Assessing the autonomy of Syrian armed groups fighting for the regime" (PDF). Clingendael. September 2017. p. 5.
  11. ^ "Part 2: Pro-Iran Militias in Iraq". Wilson Center. 27 April 2018.
  12. ^ a b "Iraqi Shiite militia leader says he would overthrow government if ordered by Iran's supreme leader - The Long War Journal". Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  13. ^ a b Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad. "Harakat al-Nujaba': Interview". Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi.
  14. ^ "الحشد الشعبي: التشكيل.. التدريب .. النشوء ومراحل تصنيع السلاح". oneiraqnews.com.
  15. ^ [1][dead link]
  16. ^ "After ISIS, Fatemiyoun Vows to Fight with "Axis of Resistance" to Destroy Israel". Middle East Institute.
  17. ^ Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad. "The Local Defence Forces: Regime Auxiliary Forces in Aleppo". Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi.
  18. ^ "مليشيا "الحشد الشعبي" تقدم دليلا جديدا لدعمها الحوثيين". بوابة العين الإخبارية.
  19. ^ a b "Why Iran is shielding the PKK in Iraq". Why Iran is shielding the PKK in Iraq.
  20. ^ "الجيش السوري الحر يدمر أكبر مواقع حركة النجباء العراقية بالبادية السورية". نداء سوريا. 18 July 2017.
  21. ^ "لواء صقور الجبل يستهدف غرفة عمليات حركة النجباء ويدمرها بالكامل بريف حلب الجنوبي". www.shaam.org.
  22. ^ "اخر عمليات ابطال النجباء في سوريا". حركة النجباء. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  23. ^ "::. صفحه مورد نظر یافت نشد ..::". www.alalamtv.net. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  24. ^ "أجناد الشام" يعلن أسر عناصر من حزب الله والنجباء بحلب". arabi21.com. 28 October 2016.
  25. ^ "هجوم مباغت لهيئة تحرير الشام في ريف حلب يسفر عن مقتل 10 عناصر من ميليشيا النجباء العراقية". September 12, 2017. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  26. ^ "Kurdish and Iraqi forces, militias clash in northern Iraq - FDD's Long War Journal". www.longwarjournal.org. 26 October 2017.
  27. ^ "مقتل 17 من "النجباء" العراقية وإصابة 34 في حلب… ومقاتلو المعارضة يقصفون مدرسة في درعا واشتباكات مستمرة بين "جند الأقصى" و"أحرار الشام" رغم اتفاق وقف القتال". alquds.co.uk (in Arabic). 11 October 2016.
  28. ^ Bill Roggio (28 March 2015). "US continues airstrikes in Tikrit despite involvement of Iranian-backed Shiite militias". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  29. ^ "Iraqi Shiite Foreign Fighters on the Rise Again in Syria". www.washingtoninstitute.org​.
  30. ^ "US sanctions Iraq's Nujaba Shia group known for role in anti-terror fight". PressTV.
  31. ^ "'الفتح' يستنكر ادراج العصائب والنجباء في لائحة الارهاب الاميركية". ارنا.
  32. ^ "Special Report: The Iraqi Militia Helping Iran Carve A Road To Damascus". Reuters. 22 September 2017.
  33. ^ Dehghanpisheh, Babak. "The Iraqi militia helping Iran carve a road to Damascus". Reuters.
  34. ^ "US sanctions Iranian militia in Iraq: here's what you need to know about Harakat Hezbollah Al Nujaba". thenational.ae. 6 March 2019.
  35. ^ "Designation of Harakat al-Nujaba, aka Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba, aka Movement of the Noble Ones Hezbollah, aka The Movement of the Noble Ones, aka Golan Liberation Brigade, aka Ammar ibn Yasir Brigade, aka Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba Brigade, aka al-Hamad Brigade, aka al-Nujaba TV as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist". Federal Register. March 15, 2019.
  36. ^ "Harakat-al-Nujaba-Fallujah-banner - FDD's Long War Journal". www.longwarjournal.org.
  37. ^ El-Ghobashy, Tamer; Abi-Habib, Maria (5 October 2016). "Iraqi Militias Complicate Aleppo Battle" – via www.wsj.com.
  38. ^ a b "Iran-backed Iraqi militias are pouring into Syria". Business Insider. 2 October 2015.
  39. ^ Leith Fadel (16 December 2015). "Syrian Army and Hezbollah launch massive assault in southern Aleppo". Al-Masdar News.
  40. ^ Fadel, Leith (1 February 2016). "Syrian Army, Hezbollah launch preliminary offensive in northern Aleppo". Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  41. ^ "Iran's ScanEagle Clone – New Photos". Drone-RSS.com. Archived from the original on 2016-04-16. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
  42. ^ "Al-Nujaba Militia Leader Sheikh Akram Al-Kaabi: IRGC And Lebanese Hizbullah Officers Have Guided Us In Fighting The American Forces Since 2004: 'We Started Using Explosively Formed Penetrators... They Would Explode Inside The Tank, Destroying It And Killing' The Americans Inside". www.memri.org.
  43. ^ "Understanding the Organizations Deployed to Syria" (PDF). The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Archived from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  44. ^ Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "Refworld - A Short Profile of Iraq's Shi'a Militias". Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  45. ^ "UAE cabinet endorses new list of terrorist groups". kuna.net. 15 November 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-11-29.
  46. ^ "IRGC-controlled Iraqi militia forms 'Golan Liberation Brigade' - FDD's Long War Journal". www.longwarjournal.org. 12 March 2017.
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Last edited on 15 May 2021, at 12:18
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