Born in a prospector's cabin
in Aspen, Colorado
, Ross was the son of Scots-Irish
immigrant miner George Ross and schoolteacher Ida (Martin) Ross.
When he was eight, the family left Aspen because of the collapse in the price of silver, moving to Redcliff
and Silverton, Colorado
, then to Salt Lake City, Utah
. In Utah, he worked on the high school paper (The West High Red & Black) and was a stringer
for The Salt Lake Tribune
, the city's leading daily newspaper. The young Ross had journalism in the blood. He dropped out of school at thirteen and ran away to his uncle in Denver
, where he worked for The Denver Post
. Though he returned to his family, he did not return to school, instead getting a job at the Salt Lake Telegram
, a smaller afternoon daily newspaper.
, he covered the murder trial of Leo Frank
, one of the "trials of the century".
After the war, he returned to New York City
and assumed the editorship of a magazine for veterans, The Home Sector
. It folded in 1920 and was absorbed by the American Legion Weekly.
He then spent a few months at Judge
, a humor magazine.
The New Yorker
The iconic cover of the debut issue of The New Yorker.
It was while editing these magazines that Ross envisioned a new journal of metropolitan sensibilities and a sophisticated tone. This led him to co-found The New Yorker
, with his wife Jane Grant. The first issue was dated February 21, 1925. In partnership with yeast heir Raoul Fleischmann
; they established the F-R Publishing Company
to publish it.
Ross was one of the original members of the Algonquin Round Table
. He used his contacts in "The Vicious Circle" to help get The New Yorker
Ross, said by Woollcott to resemble "a dishonest Abe Lincoln
attracted talent to his new publishing venture, featuring writers such as James Thurber
, E. B. White
, John McNulty
, Joseph Mitchell
, Katharine S. White
, S. J. Perelman
, Janet Flanner
("Genet"), Wolcott Gibbs
, Alexander Woollcott
, St. Clair McKelway
, John O'Hara
, Robert Benchley
, Dorothy Parker
, Vladimir Nabokov
, and J. D. Salinger
The original prospectus for the magazine read, "The New Yorker
will be the magazine which is not edited for the old lady in Dubuque."
Thurber noted the prospectus does not read or sound like Ross,
summarizing Ross's goals so:
[Casuals] was Ross's word for fiction and humorous pieces of all kinds... [it] indicated Ross's determination to give the magazine an offhand, chatty, informal quality. Nothing was to be labored or studied, arty, literary, or intellectual.
Ross forbade sex as a subject, checking all art and articles for off-color jokes or double entendre,
and rejected advertisements thought unsuitable. Ross disliked fatalistic pieces and sought to minimize "social-conscious stuff," calling all such articles "grim."
Ross worked long hours and ruined all three of his marriages as a result. He was a careful and conscientious editor who strove to keep his copy clear and concise. One famous query to his writers was "Who he?" Ross believed the only two people everyone in the English-speaking world was familiar with were Harry Houdini
and Sherlock Holmes
. He was notorious for overusing commas.
Quite aware of his limited education, Ross treated Fowler's Modern English Usage
as his bible. He edited every issue of the magazine from the first until his death—a total of 1,399 issues. Ross designated William Shawn
as his preferred successor, and Fleischmann confirmed Shawn as the new managing editor after Ross died.
James Thurber quotes the reminiscences of many colleagues of both men in his 1959 memoir, The Years with Ross
, citing his former chief's pranks, temper, profanity, anti-intellectualism, drive, perfectionism, and an almost permanent social discomfort, and how these all shaped The New Yorker
staff. Ross and his magazine slowly became famous among literati and newspapermen. Thurber quoted John Duncan Miller
, the Washington, D.C., correspondent for The Times
of London, after meeting Ross in 1938:
During the first half hour, I felt that Ross was the last man in the world who could edit the New Yorker
. I left there realizing that nobody else in the world could.
Ross died in Boston
, during an operation to remove a lung after it was discovered his bronchial carcinoma had metastasized. He died of heart failure during the operation.
- Kunkel, Thomas (1995), Genius in Disguise: Harold Ross of the New Yorker, New York: Random House, ISBN 0-679-41837-7.
- Yagoda, Ben (2000), About Town: The New Yorker and the World It Made, New York: Scribners, ISBN 0-684-81605-9.
- Top Hat and Tales: Harold Ross and the Making of the New Yorker (movie) (Carousel Film and Video, 2001, 47 minutes)
- ^ a b Lepore, Jill (19 April 2010). "Untimely: What was at stake in the spat between Henry Luce and Harold Ross?". www.newyorker.com. Condé Nast. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- ^ Montgomery, Michael, "Scotch Irish or Scots Irish: What's in a Name?", Ulster Scots Language Society, retrieved 2015-07-31
- ^ a b c d e Tobias, 2000.
- ^ Thurber, 1959, p. 267. "The New Yorker's overuse of commas, originating in Ross's clarification complex, has become notorious the world over among literary people."
- ^ James, Caryn (13 May 2001). "Neighborhood Report: CRITIC'S VIEW; How The New Yorker Took Wing In Its Larval Years With Ross". The New York Times.
- ^ Handman, Gary (May 2006), Quick Vids, American Libraries, p. 66
Last edited on 11 May 2021, at 00:34
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