Hassan Khaled - Wikipedia
Hassan Khaled
Hassan Khaled (Arabic:حسن خالد ;born in 1921 – 16 May 1989) was the leader of Lebanon's Sunni Muslim community. As a grand mufti, he presided over Islamic courts in Lebanon for 23 years, and served as Head of the Islamic Coalition, a body which included past and present prime ministers, Sunni parliamentary figures, and Sunni members of Lebanon's government. He was considered a moderate, and upon his assassination was named as the "father of moderation," as he worked throughout his career to bring unity to the warring factions of the Lebanese Civil War.[1] Khaled's assassination in 1989 was widely believed to be the work of Syria.
Hassan Khaled
حسن خالد
Personal details
Born1921
Beirut, Lebanon
Died16 May 1989
Beirut, Lebanon
NationalityLebanese

Life
Hassan Khaled was born in Beirut in 1921. He attended his primary school at Al Makkased Islamic schools in Beirut, continued his study of intermediate and secondary education at the Institute of Azhar Lebanon in Beirut, and pursued his university education at Al-Azhar University.[2] at the Faculty of Theology in Cairo, where he obtained the bachelor's degree (BA) in 1946.[citation needed]
He started his public life after graduating from legitimacy School in Beirut as a professor of Logic and Tawhid (Monotheism). In 1954 he was appointed as Deputy Chief Judge of Beirut, then in 1957 he was appointed as a judicial Judge in the province of Akkar in North Lebanon. Khaled then transferred in 1960 to the Mount Lebanon Legitimacy (sharia) Court district.[2]
He also headed the Higher Judicial Legitimacy Council in Lebanon, and presided over the Islamic Gathering, which was a weekly meeting that included the present and past Lebanese prime ministers, present and past Lebanese ministers, Muslim Parliamentary figures.[citation needed] He was also The Chairman of the higher Muslim Legitimacy Council in Lebanon, and the Vice-President of the founding Council of the Muslim World League in Mecca, and Vice-President of the International Islamic charity association in Kuwait, and a member of the Theology Council Association in Muslim world League in Makkah, a member of the Theology Assembly of the Organization of Islamic countries in Jeddah, and a member of Islamic Research Assembly in Egypt.[citation needed]
He was unanimously elected by Islamic scholars, political leaders and opinion leaders in Lebanon as the Grand Mufti of Lebanon on 21 December 1966.[citation needed]
His writings
Khaled wrote on many issues of Islam, including:
Khaled had a national role through chairing for many years the “Islamic Gathering,” a weekly political meeting that was held at Dar Alfatwa that gave its views on Lebanese politics during the civil war in Lebanon. He was personally involved as a representative of Lebanon in many Islamic and Arab conferences, or sent representatives to different Arab and world countries.
Career
Khaled being received by Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser in Cairo for the Muslim Scholars Conference, October 1968
  1. Preaching and teaching in mosques in Beirut.
  2. Preaching and teaching in Makkawi and Majidiyah, and the Imam Ali mosques in the heart of Beirut for more than twenty years.
  3. He taught the subjects of logic and uniformity in Azhar- Lebanon-Beirut.
  4. Assistant prosecution Judge in the Islamic Courts in Beirut.
  5. Deputy Chief Judge in Beirut.
  6. Judge of Akkar province in northern Lebanon.
  7. President of the Courts of legitimacy in the province of Mount Lebanon.
  8. Assuming the post of Mufti of the Lebanese Republic on 11/12/1966 after unanimity scholars and Muslim leaders on his election in the lobby of the Dar Al-Fatwa.
  9. Chairman of the Supreme Judicial Council legitimate in Lebanon.
  10. Chairman of the Islamic Gathering. (weekly meeting of heads of governments, ministers, MPs).
  11. President of the Supreme Islamic Council in Lebanon.
  12. Deputy Chairman of the Constituent Assembly of the Association of the Islamic world league in Mecca.
  13. Deputy head of the Islamic Charity Organization in Kuwait.
  14. Academy member jurist in the Muslim World League / Mecca.
  15. Academy member in the Organization of Islamic States / Jeddah.
  16. A member of the Islamic Research Academy in Egypt.
  17. Participated personally as a representative of Lebanon in many Arab and Islamic conferences or sent representatives in each of: Saudi Arabia / Egypt / Sudan / Morocco / Libya / Algeria / Tunisia / Arab Emirates / Qatar / Kuwait / Syria / Iraq / Yemen / Iran / Indonesia / Australia / China / France / Britain / Rome / Afghanistan / Ghana / Niger / Mali / Chad / Somalia / Uganda / Poland / Romania / Bulgaria / Soviet Union /and the United States of America.
Honors
Valuations
Family
Mufti Hasan Khaled was married to Salwa Balhawan and had nine children. Their names from oldest to youngest: Bahiyya, Saadeddine, Ammar, Mohammad, Hala, Hani, Hisham, Mazen, and Layla.
Death
On 16 May 1989, a 300-pound (136 kg) car bomb was detonated next to Khaled's car as he drove through Beirut. Khaled and 21 others were killed.[1] Syrian intelligence is widely believed to be behind the assassination; Khaled had been a critic of Syrian intervention in Lebanon.[2][3][4] As Khaled had been killed while returning from a meeting with anti-Syrian general Michel Aoun, his killing was believed to be a warning to all those who cooperated with Aoun.[2]
See also
References
  1. ^ a b Sunni Muslim chief killed in Lebanon The New York Times.
  2. ^ a b c d Grafton, David. The Christians of Lebanon: political rights in Islamic law. Pg. 130.
  3. ^ Syria: The Heart of Terrorism
  4. ^ Syria terrorism and war crimes Archived 26 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine
External links
Hassan Khaled Foundations (in Arabic)
Last edited on 29 March 2021, at 19:27
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