(15 May 1922 – 31 March 2019) was a Tunisian
artist of Turkish
origin. He is considered to have been the pioneering force of abstract painting in Tunisia and was an influential member of the School of Tunis.
His younger brother was Zoubeir Turki
, who died in 2009.
Turki was born in 1922 in Tunis
to a family of Turkish
His grandfather, Hacı
Hamid Semerci, immigrated from Turkey
in 1870 as an Ottoman
Turki attended his primary education from 1928 to 1936, then went to the Sadiki College
, before going to the Lycée Carnot
between 1936 and 1940. He abandoned his studies after the death of his father, Mustapha, in 1939, in order to support his family as he was the eldest of seven brothers. He worked in numerous odd jobs such as an apprentices tailor, clerk, and laborer in oil mill. He married Jamila Skhiri in 1948 after the death of his mother in 1945.
He began to learn the principles of pictorial art, self-taught, and then joined the School of Tunis. In 1951 he completed a refresher course of two months in Paris
at the Academie de la Grande Chaumiere
Then he obtained a scholarship for two years (1956-1657) at the Academy of Fine Arts
. In 1959, he traveled for three months in the United States, where he discovered th abstract art
at Columbia University
. From 1963 to his retirement in 1985, he taught art at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Tunis. He continued to travel and to study and work during his career, particularly in England (1971), Nigeria
(1977) and the United States (1979).
Turki was instrumental in the founding of the School of Tunis,
the establishment of the National Union of plastic and graphic arts of Tunisia, and the General Union of Arab Plastic Artists. His work evolved over time, a nationalist vocation at first, usually figurative like most members of the School of Tunis, it was then influenced by Abstract Expressionism
, as inspired by his trip to the United States.
Two American painters influenced Turki: Jackson Pollock
(1912–1956) and Mark Rothko
(1913–1970). Nonetheless, Turki's abstract style was marked by a deep sense of Tunisia and a somewhat religious aspect, which distinguishes it from other artists of his time.
Hedi Turki died on March 31, 2019, aged 96.
- ^ a b c d e f g h Toute la Tunisie. "Hédi Turki". Archived from the original on 2013-07-27. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- ^ Today's Zaman. "Turks in northern Africa yearn for Ottoman ancestors". Archived from the original on 2011-03-13. Retrieved 2012-03-18.
Last edited on 7 May 2020, at 03:08
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