Help:IPA - Wikipedia
Help:IPA
For help installing IPA-compatible fonts, see Help:Special characters § IPA symbols.
For a basic introduction to using IPA written for English readers, see Help:IPA/Introduction.
"WP:IPA" redirects here. For India-Pakistan affairs, see WP:ARBIPA.
This is an information page.
It is not one of Wikipedia's policies or guidelines, but rather intends to describe some aspect(s) of Wikipedia's norms, customs, technicalities, or practices. It may reflect varying levels of consensus and vetting.
This article includes inline links to audio files. If you have trouble playing the files, see Wikipedia Media help.
The latest official IPA chart, revised to 2020
Here is a basic key to the symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet. For the smaller set of symbols that is sufficient for English, see Help:IPA/English. Several rare IPA symbols are not included; these are found in the main IPA article or on the extensive IPA chart. For the Manual of Style guideline for pronunciation, see Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation.
For each IPA symbol, an English example is given where possible; here "RP" stands for Received Pronunciation. The foreign languages that are used to illustrate additional sounds are primarily the ones most likely to be familiar to English speakers, French, Standard German, and Spanish. For symbols not covered by those, recourse is taken to the populous languages Standard Chinese, Hindustani, Arabic, and Russian. For sounds still not covered, other smaller but better analyzed languages are used, for example Swahili and Zulu (for the Bantu branch) or Turkish (for Turkic branch) for their respective related languages.
The left-hand column displays the symbols like this: [a] (listen). Click on "listen" to hear the sound; click on the symbol itself for a dedicated article with a more complete description and examples from multiple languages. Consonant sounds are spoken once followed by a vowel and once between vowels.
Main symbols
The symbols are arranged by similarity to letters of the Latin alphabet. Symbols which do not resemble any Latin letter are placed at the end.
SymbolExamplesDescription
A
[a] (listen)German Mann, French gareFor many English speakers, the first part of the ow sound in cow. Found in some dialects of English in cat or father.
[ä] (listen)Mandarin 他 tā, American English father, Spanish casa, French patte
[ɐ] (listen)RP cut, German Kaiserslautern(In transcriptions of English, [ɐ] is usually written ⟨ʌ⟩.)
[ɑ] (listen)RP father, French pâte, Dutch bad
[ɑ̃] (listen)French Caen, sans, tempsNasalized [ɑ].
[ɒ] (listen)RP cotLike [ɑ], but with the lips slightly rounded.
[ʌ] (listen)American English cutLike [ɔ], but without the lips being rounded. (When ⟨ʌ⟩ is used for English, it may really be [ɐ] or [ɜ].)
[æ] (listen)RP cat
B
[b] (listen)English babble
[ɓ] (listen)Swahili bwanaLike a [b] said with a gulp. See implosive consonants.
[β] (listen)Spanish la Bamba, Kinyarwanda abana "children", Korean 무궁화 [muɡuŋβwa̠] mugunghwaLike [b], but with the lips not quite closed.
[ʙ] (listen)Nias simbi [siʙi] "lower jaw"Sputtering.
C
[c] (listen)Turkish kebap "kebab", Czech stín "shadow", Greek και "and"Between English tune (RP) and cute. Sometimes used instead for [tʃ] in languages like Hindi.
[ç] (listen)German IchMore of a y-coloration (more palatal) than [x]. Some English speakers have a similar sound in huge. To produce this sound, try whispering loudly the word "ye" as in "Hear ye!".
[ɕ] (listen)Mandarin 西安 Xi'an, Polish ścianaMore y-like than [ʃ]; something like English she.
[ɔ] (listen)see under O
D
[d] (listen)English dad
[ɗ] (listen)Swahili DodomaLike [d] said with a gulp.
[ɖ] (listen)American English harderLike [d] with the tongue curled or pulled back.
[ð] (listen)English the, bathe
[dz] (listen)English adds, Italian zero
[] (listen)English judge
[] (listen)Polishniewiedź "bear"Like [dʒ], but with more of a y-sound.
[] (listen)Polish em "jam"Like [dʒ] with the tongue curled or pulled back.
E
[e] (listen)Spanish fe; French clé, German KleeSimilar to English hey, before the y sets in.
[ɘ] (listen)Australian English bird
[ə] (listen)English above, Hindi ठग [ʈʰəɡ](thug) "thief"(Only occurs in English when not stressed.)
[ɚ] (listen)American English runner
[ɛ] (listen)English bet
[ɛ̃] (listen)French Saint-Étienne, vin, mainNasalized [ɛ].
[ɜ] (listen)RP bird (long)
[ɝ] (listen)American English bird
F
[f] (listen)English fun
[ɟ] (listen)see under J
[ʄ] (listen)see under J
G
[ɡ] (listen)English gag(Should look like . No different from a Latin "g")
[ɠ] (listen)Swahili UgandaLike [ɡ] said with a gulp.
[ɢ] (listen)Like [ɡ], but further back, in the throat. Found in Persian and some Arabic dialects for /q/, as in Muammar Gaddafi.
[ʒ] (listen)see under ZEnglish beige.
H
[h] (listen)American English house
[ɦ] (listen)English ahead, when said quickly.
[ʰ]The extra puff of air in English top [tʰɒp] compared to stop [stɒp], or to French or Spanish [t].
[ħ] (listen)Arabic ‏مُحَمَّدMuhammadFar down in the throat, like [h], but stronger.
[ɥ] (listen)see under Y
[ɮ] (listen)see under L
I
[i] (listen)English sea, French ville, Spanish Valladolid
[ɪ] (listen)English sit
[ɨ] (listen)Russian ты "you"Often used for unstressed English roses.
J
[j] (listen)English yes, hallelujah, German Junge
[ʲ]In Russian Ленин [ˈlʲenʲɪn]Indicates a sound is more y-like.
[ʝ] (listen)Spanish cayo (some dialects)Like [j], but stronger.
[ɟ] (listen)Turkish gör "see", Czech díra "hole"Between English dew (RP) and argue. Sometimes used instead for [dʒ] in languages like Hindi.
[ʄ] (listen)Swahili jamboLike [ɟ] said with a gulp.
K
[k] (listen)English kick, skip
L
[l] (listen)English leaf
[ɫ] (listen)English wool
Russian малый [ˈmɑɫɨj] "small"
"Dark" el.
[ɬ] (listen)Welsh llwyd[ɬʊɪd] "grey"
Zulu hlala[ɬaːla] "sit"
By touching roof of mouth with tongue and giving a quick breath out. Found in Welsh placenames like Llangollen and Llanelli and Nelson Mandela's Xhosa name Rolihlahla.
[ɭ] (listen)Like [l] with the tongue curled or pulled back.
[ɺ]A flapped [l], like [l] and [ɾ] said together.
[ɮ] (listen)Zulu dla "eat"Rather like [l] and [ʒ], or [l] and [ð], said together.
[ʟ] (listen)
M
[m] (listen)English mime
[ɱ] (listen)English symphonyLike [m], but lips touch teeth as they do in [f].
[ɯ] (listen)see under W
[ʍ] (listen)see under W
N
[n] (listen)English nun
[ŋ] (listen)English sing, Māori nga
[ɲ] (listen)Spanish Peña, French champagneRather like English canyon (/nj/ said quickly).
[ɳ] (listen)Hindi वरुण [ʋəruɳ] VarunaLike [n] with the tongue curled or pulled back.
[ɴ] (listen)Castilian Spanish Don Juan [doɴˈχwan]Like [ŋ], but further back, in the throat.
O
[o] (listen)Spanish no, French eau, German BodenSomewhat reminiscent of American English no.
[ɔ] (listen)German Oldenburg, French Garonne
[ɔ̃] (listen)French Lyon, sonNasalized [ɔ].
[ø] (listen)French feu, bœufs, German GoetheLike [e], but with the lips rounded like [o].
[ɵ] (listen)Dutch hut, French je, Swedish dumHalfway between [o] and [ø]. Similar to [ʊ] but with the tongue slightly more down and front. The Dutch vowel is often transcribed with ⟨ʏ⟩ or ⟨œ⟩, whereas the French vowel is typically transcribed with ⟨ə⟩.
[œ] (listen)French bœuf, seul, German GöttingenLike [ɛ], but with the lips rounded like [ɔ].
[œ̃] (listen)French brun, parfumNasalized [œ].
[ɶ] (listen)
[θ] (listen)see under Others
[ɸ] (listen)see under Others
P
[p] (listen)English pip
Q
[q] (listen)Arabic ‏قُرْآنQur’ānLike [k], but further back, in the throat.
R
[r] (listen)Spanish perro, Scots borrow"Rolled R". (Often used for other rhotics, such as English [ɹ], when there's no ambiguity.)
[ɾ] (listen)Spanish pero, Tagalog daliri, Malay kabar, American English kitty/kiddie"Flapped R".
[ʀ] (listen)Dutch rood and German rot (some speakers)A trill in the back of the throat. Found for /r/ in some conservative registers of French.
[ɽ] (listen)Hindi साड़ी [sɑːɽiː] "sari"Like flapped [ɾ], but with the tongue curled back.
[ɹ] (listen)RP borrow
[ɻ] (listen)Mandarin 人民日报 Rénmín Rìbào "People's Daily", American English borrow, butterLike [ɹ], but with the tongue curled or pulled back, as pronounced by many English speakers.
[ʁ] (listen)French Paris, German Riemann (some dialects)Said back in the throat, but not trilled.
S
[s] (listen)English sass
[ʃ] (listen)English shoe
[ʂ] (listen)Mandarin 少林 (Shàolín), Russian Пушкин (Pushkin)Acoustically similar to [ʃ], but with the tongue curled or pulled back.
T
[t] (listen)English tot, stop
[ʈ] (listen)Hindi ठग [ʈʰəɡ](thug) "thief"Like [t], but with the tongue curled or pulled back.
[ts] (listen)English cats, Russian царь tsar
[] (listen)English church
[] (listen)Mandarin 北京 Běijīng (listen), Polish ciebie "you"Like [tʃ], but with more of a y-sound.
[] (listen)Mandarin 真正 zhēnzhèng, Polish czasLike [tʃ] with the tongue curled or pulled back.
U
[u] (listen)American English food, French vous "you", German Schumacher
[ʊ] (listen)English foot, German Bundesrepublik
[ʉ] (listen)Australian English food (long)Like [ɨ], but with the lips rounded as for [u].
[ɥ] (listen)see under Y
[ɯ] (listen)see under W
V
[v] (listen)English verve
[ʋ] (listen)Hindi वरुण [ʋəruɳə] "Varuna"Between [v] and [w]. Used by some Germans and Russians for v/w, and by some speakers of British English for r.
[ɤ] (listen)see under Y
[ɣ] (listen)see under Y
[ʌ] (listen)see under A
W
[w] (listen)English wow
[ʷ]Indicates a sound has lip rounding, as in English rain
[ʍ] (listen)what (some dialects)like [h] and [w] said together
[ɯ] (listen)Turkish kayık "caïque", Scottish GaelicgaolLike [u], but with the lips flat; something like [ʊ].
[ɰ] (listen)Spanish aguaLike [w], but with the lips flat.
X
[x] (listen)Scottish English loch, German Bach, Russian хороший [xɐˈroʂɨj] "good", Spanish jovenbetween [k] and [h]
[χ] (listen)northern Standard DutchScheveningen, Castilian Spanish Don Juan [doɴˈχwan]Like [x], but further back, in the throat. Some German and Arabic speakers have [χ] for [x].
Y
[y] (listen)French rue, German BülowLike [i], but with the lips rounded as for [u].
[ʏ] (listen)German DüsseldorfLike [ɪ], but with the lips rounded as for [ʊ].
[ɣ] (listen)Arabic ‏غَالِيghālī and Swahili ghali "expensive", Spanish suegroSounds rather like French [ʁ] or between [ɡ] and [h].
[ɤ] (listen)Mandarin 河南 Hénán, Scottish GaelictaighLike [o] but without the lips rounded, something like a cross of [ʊ] and [ʌ].
[ʎ] (listen)Italian tagliatelleLike [l], but more y-like. Rather like English volume.
[ɥ] (listen)French luiLike [j] and [w] said together.
Z
[z] (listen)English zoo
[ʒ] (listen)English vision, French journal
[ʑ] (listen)old-styled Russian позже [ˈpoʑːe] "later", Polish źleMore y-like than [ʒ], something like beigey.
[ʐ] (listen)Russian жир "fat"Like [ʒ] with the tongue curled or pulled back.
[ɮ] (listen)see under L
Others
[θ] (listen)English thigh, bath
[ɸ] (listen)Japanese 富士 [ɸɯdʑi] Fuji, Māori [ˌɸaːɾeːˈnuiː]​wh​arenuiLike [p], but with the lips not quite touching
[ʔ] (listen)English uh-oh, Hawaii, German die AngstThe 'glottal stop', a catch in the breath. For some people, found in button[ˈbʌʔn̩], or between vowels across words: Deus ex machina​[ˌdeɪəsˌʔɛksˈmɑːkɪnə]​; in some nonstandard dialects, in a apple [əˈʔæpl̩].
[ʕ] (listen)Arabic ‏عَرَبِيّʻarabī "Arabic"A light sound deep in the throat.
[ǀ] (listen)English tsk-tsk! or tut-tut!, Zulu icici "earring"(The English click used for disapproval.) Several distinct sounds, written as digraphs, including [kǀ], [ɡǀ], [ŋǀ]. The Zimbabwean MP Ncube has this click in his name, as did Cetshwayo.
[ǁ] (listen)English tchick! tchick!, Zulu ixoxo "frog"(The English click used to urge on a horse.) Several distinct sounds, written as digraphs, including [kǁ], [ɡǁ], [ŋǁ]. Found in the name of the Xhosa.
[ǃ] (listen)Zulu iqaqa "polecat"(The English click used to imitate the trotting of a horse.) A hollow popping sound, like a cork pulled from a bottle. Several distinct sounds, written as digraphs, including [kǃ], [ɡǃ], [ŋǃ].
[ʘ] (listen)ǂ’Amkoe ʘoa "two"Like a kissing sound.
[ǂ] (listen)Khoekhoe ǂgā-amǃnâ [ǂàʔám̀ᵑǃã̀] "to put in the mouth"Like an imitation of a chewing sound.
Marks added to letters
Several marks can be added above, below, before or after letters. These are here shown on a carrier letter such as the vowel a. A more complete list is given at International Phonetic Alphabet § Diacritics and prosodic notation.
SymbolExampleDescription
Signs above a letter
[ã]French vin blanc [vɛ̃ blɑ̃] "white wine"A nasal vowel, as with a Texas twang.
[ä]Portuguese vá [vä] "go"A central vowel pronounced with the tongue position in the middle of the mouth; neither forward nor back.
Signs below a letter
[a̯]English cow[kʰaʊ̯], koi[kʰɔɪ̯]This vowel does not form a syllable of its own, but runs into the vowel next to it. (In English, the diacritic is generally left off: [kaʊ].)
[n̥]English boy [b̥ɔɪ̯], doe [d̥oʊ̯]
Sounds like a loud whisper; [n̥] is like a whispered breath through the nose. [l̥] is found in Tibetan Lhasa.
[n̩]English buttonA consonant without a vowel. (English [n̩] is often transcribed /ən/.)
[d̪]Spanish dos, French deuxThe tongue touches the teeth more than it does in English.
Signs next to a letter
[kʰ]English comeAspirated consonant, pronounced with a puff of air. Similarly [tʰ pʰ tsʰ tʃʰ tɕʰ].
[k’]Zulu ukuza "come"Ejective. Like a popped [k], pushed from the throat. Similarly [tʼ pʼ qʼ tʃʼ tsʼ tɬʼ].
[aː]English shh![ʃː]Long. Often used with English vowels or diphthongs: Mayo /ˈmeːoː/ for [ˈmeɪ̯ɜʊ̯], etc.
[aˑ]RP caught[ˈkʰɔˑt]Semi-long. (Although the vowel is different, this is also longer than cot [ˈkʰɒt].)
[ˈa]pronunciation
[pɹ̥əʊ̯ˌnɐnsiˈeɪʃn̩]
Main stress. The mark denotes the stress of the following syllable.
[ˌa]Weaker stress. The mark denotes the stress of the following syllable.
[.]English courtship​[ˈkʰɔrt.ʃɪp]Syllable break. (this is often redundant and therefore left off)
Brackets
Two types of brackets are commonly used to enclose transcriptions in the IPA:
A third kind of bracket is occasionally seen:
Either //double slashes// or |pipes| (or occasionally other conventions) show that the enclosed sounds are theoretical constructs that are not actually heard. (This is part of morphophonology.) For instance, most phonologists argue that the -s at the ends of verbs, which surfaces as either /s/ in talks/tɔːks/ or as /z/ in lulls /lʌlz/, has a single underlying form. If they decide this form is an s, they would write it //s// (or |s|) to claim that phonemic /tɔːks/ and /lʌlz/ are essentially //tɔːks// and //lʌls// underneath. If they were to decide it was essentially the latter, //z//, they would transcribe these words //tɔːkz// and //lʌlz//.
Lastly,
⟨Angle brackets⟩ are used to set off orthography, as well as transliteration from non-Latin scripts. Thus ⟨lulls⟩, ⟨la bamba⟩, the letter ⟨a⟩. Angle brackets are not supported by all fonts, so a template {{angle bracket}} (shortcut {{angbr}}) is used to ensure maximal compatibility. (Comment there if you're having problems.)
Rendering issues
IPA typeface support is increasing, and is now included in several typefaces such as the Times New Roman versions that come with various recent computer operating systems. Diacritics are not always properly rendered, however. IPA typefaces that are freely available online include Gentium, several from the SIL (such as Charis SIL, and Doulos SIL), Dehuti, DejaVu Sans, and TITUS Cyberbit, which are all freely available; as well as commercial typefaces such as Brill, available from Brill Publishers, and Lucida Sans Unicode and Arial Unicode MS, shipping with various Microsoft products. These all include several ranges of characters in addition to the IPA. Modern Web browsers generally do not need any configuration to display these symbols, provided that a typeface capable of doing so is available to the operating system.
Particularly, the following symbols may be shown improperly depending on your font:
Voiced velar plosive
These two characters should look similar:
ɡ
If in the box to the left you see the symbol rather than a lower-case open-tail g, you may be experiencing a well-known bug in the font MS Reference Sans Serif; switching to another font may fix it.
On your current font: [ɡ],
and in several other fonts:
Open front rounded vowel
On macOS, ⟨ɶ⟩, which is in small caps and represents an open front rounded vowel, may appear the same as ⟨œ⟩, which is lowercase and represent a open-mid front rounded vowel:
Voiceless uvular fricative
Some Android devices show ⟨χ⟩, the Greek chi, which represents a voiceless uvular fricative, as the same as ⟨x⟩, which represents a voiceless velar fricative:
Affricates and double articulation
The tie bar is intended to cover both letters of an affricate or doubly articulated consonant. However, if your browser uses Arial Unicode MS to display IPA characters, the following incorrectly formed sequences may look better than the correct order (letter, tie bar, letter) due to a bug in that font:
ts͡, tʃ͡, tɕ͡, dz͡, dʒ͡, dʑ͡, tɬ͡, kp͡, ɡb͡, ŋm͡.
Here is how the proper configuration displays in your default IPA font:
t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m,
and in several other fonts:
  • Arial: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Arial Unicode MS: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Biolinum: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Bitstream Cyberbit: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Cambria: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Calibri: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Charis SIL: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Chrysanthi: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Code2000: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • DejaVu Sans: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Doulos SIL: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Everson Mono: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Gentium: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • GentiumAlt: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Gentium Plus: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Helvetica: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Helvetica Neue: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Hiragino Kaku Gothic: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Linux Libertine: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Lucida Grande: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Lucida Sans: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Matrix: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Quivira: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • STIX: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Segoe UI: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Times New Roman: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • TITUS Cyberbit Basic: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
  • Unifont: t͡s, d͡z, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ, t͡ɬ, k͡p, ɡ͡b, ŋ͡m
Angle brackets
True angle brackets, ⟨ ⟩, are unsupported by several common fonts. Here is how they display in your default settings:
⟨...⟩ (unformatted)
⟨...⟩ (default IPA font)
⟨...⟩ (default Unicode font),
and in several specific fonts:
Computer input using on-screen keyboard
Online IPA keyboard utilities are available and they cover a range of IPA symbols and diacritics:

For iOS there are free IPA keyboard layouts, e.g. IPA Phonetic Keyboard.
See also
External links
Last edited on 12 May 2021, at 06:29
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.
Privacy policy
Terms of Use
Desktop
HomeRandomNearbyLog inSettingsDonateAbout WikipediaDisclaimers
LanguageWatchEdit