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Help:IPA/Egyptian Arabic
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This is the pronunciation key for IPA transcriptions of Egyptian Arabic on Wikipedia.
It provides a set of symbols to represent the pronunciation of Egyptian Arabic in Wikipedia articles, and example words that illustrate the sounds that correspond to them. Integrity must be maintained between the key and the transcriptions that link here; do not change any symbol or value without establishing consensus on the talk page first.
For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA. For the distinction between [ ], / / and ⟨ ⟩, see IPA § Brackets and transcription delimiters.
The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Egyptian Arabic pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-arz}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.
See Egyptian Arabic phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Egyptian Arabic.
The romanization of the examples is the commonly used form in Egypt.
Consonants
IPAArabic letterExampleRomanizationEnglish approximation
ʔء, أ, إ, آ, ؤ, ئ, قمؤمن
[ˈmoʔmen]
Moamen
uh-(ʔ)oh
ʕععين
[ʕeːn]
ein
no equivalent
bببواب
[bæwˈwæːb]
bawab
bike
dددقه
dæʔʔæ]
dakka
done
ضضمير
[ɑˈmiːɾ]
damir
emphatic /d/
fففول
[fuːl]
foul
fast
ɡججمال
[ɡæˈmæːl]
Gamal
gas
hهـهشام
[heˈʃæːm]
Hesham
hat
ħححب
[ħob]
hob
no equivalent
jىياما
jæːmæ]
yama
yes
kككوارع
[kæˈwæːɾeʕ]
kawarea
skin
lللمبه
lɑmbɑ]
lamba
lip
mممازوره
[mɑˈzuːɾɑ]
mazoura
mother
nننونو
nnu]
nounou
nest
q[1]قالقاهره
[elqɑ(ː)ˈheɾɑ]
el Kahera
no equivalent
ɾرراجل
ɾɑːɡel]
ragel
run
sس
ث
سوق
[suːʔ]
ثامر
sæːmeɾ]
souk
Thamer
sorry
صصباح
[ɑˈbɑːħ]
Sabah
emphatic /s/
ʃششوربه
ʃoɾbɑ]
shorba
ship
tتتف
[tæf]
taf
star
ططارق
ɑːɾeʔ]
Tarek
emphatic /t/
wووش
[weʃ]
wesh
water
xخخريف
[xæˈɾiːf]
kharif
loch (Scottish English)
ɣغغسيل
[ɣæˈsiːl]
ghasil
French R
zز ذزباله
[zeˈbæːlæ]
zebala
zebra
ظظابط
ɑːbet]
zabet
emphatic /z/
Non-native Consonants[2]
pپ بپيتر
piːteɾ, -tɑɾ]
Peter
spark
vڤ فنيڤين
[nɪˈviːn, ne-]
Nevin
view
ʒچ جچورچ
[ʒʒ]
George
vision
Vowels
IPAExampleRomanizationEnglish approximation
Monophthongs
æجمال
æˈmæːl]
Gamal
man
ɑلمبه
[ˈlɑmbɑ]
lamba
father
ɪ~e[3]انتى
enti]
enti
sit or set
i[3]انتى
[ˈenti]
enti
happy
ʊ~o[4]انتو
[ˈentʊ]
ento
put or more
u[4]نونو
[ˈnuːnu]
nounou
food
æːجمال
[ɡæˈmæːl]
Gamal
man
ɑːبابا
[ˈbɑːbɑ]
baba
father
ليل
[ll]
leil
bay
حبيبى
[ħæˈbbi]
habibi
need
روح
ħ]
roh
more
فول
[fl]
foul
food
Diphthongs (vowel+glide)
æjأيمن
[ˈʔæjmæn]
Ayman
ɑjمايه
[ˈmɑj.jɑ]
mayya
white
æwدوله
[ˈdæwlæ]
dawla
ɑwدوره
[ˈdɑwɾɑ]
dawra
ejميه
[ˈmej.jæ]
meyya
ew~owاوعه
[ˈ(ʔ)ewʕæ]
ewaa
 
Suprasegmentals
IPAexamplesExplanation
ˈجميل
/ɡæˈmiːl/ ("beautiful")
Indicates that the following syllable is stressed.
ːليل
/leːl/ ("night")
Indicates that the preceding vowel is long.
Notes
  1. ^ The classicized consonant [q] only occurs in Classical Arabic borrowings and proper nouns.
  2. ^ The phonemes /p/, /v/ and /ʒ/ are only found in loanwords and they can be pronounced as /b/, /f/ and /ʃ/ respectively depending on the speaker.
  3. ^ a b [ɪ~e] and [i] are allophones of the phoneme /i/. Word initial and medial /i/ in stressed syllables typically varies across [ɪ~e], but it is strictly [i] at the end of words, in unstressed syllables.
  4. ^ a b [ʊ~o] and [u] are allophones of the phoneme /u/. Word initial and medial /u/ in stressed syllables typically varies across [ʊ~o], but it varies [u~ʊ~o] in final positions.
Last edited on 7 March 2021, at 20:51
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