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Help:Special page
"WP:SPEC" redirects here. For the policy on speculative information in articles, see Wikipedia:What Wikipedia is not § Wikipedia is not a crystal ball.
This is an information page.
It is not one of Wikipedia's policies or guidelines, but rather intends to describe some aspect(s) of Wikipedia's norms, customs, technicalities, or practices. It may reflect varying levels of consensus and vetting.
Wikipedia data structure
Namespaces
Subject namespacesTalk namespaces
0(Main/Article)Talk1
2UserUser talk3
4WikipediaWikipedia talk5
6FileFile talk7
8MediaWikiMediaWiki talk9
10TemplateTemplate talk11
12HelpHelp talk13
14CategoryCategory talk15
100PortalPortal talk101
118DraftDraft talk119
710TimedTextTimedText talk711
828ModuleModule talk829
Deprecated
2300GadgetGadget talk2301
2302Gadget definitionGadget definition talk2303
Virtual namespaces
-1Special
-2Media
Special pages are pages generated by the software on demand for special purposes, usually related to project maintenance. They are found in the Special: namespace, a virtual namespace whose pages lack corresponding talk pages. They are not written in wikitext and can't be edited in the normal way; but elements of their pages can sometimes be edited through corresponding pages in the MediaWiki namespace. If you make a normal redirect to a special page, the redirect will not be immediately followed (though special pages can be targets of soft redirects), and creating any pages beginning with the Special: prefix is also not possible.
Special pages often take parameters. Sometimes these can be supplied after a slash (as in Special:Log/block); in other cases an index.php call is used; for example https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special:RecentChanges&days=3&limit=10​. Also, the content of most special pages depends on preferences that have been set by the user, e.g. classic or enhanced Recent Changes, the number of titles in Recent Changes and the watchlist, etc.
A directory of special pages can be accessed from Special:SpecialPages​, which is found in the sidebar of every page on Wikipedia in the Tools section.
Modifying special pages
Although special pages are not themselves editable, they generally contain standard text which is modifiable (although only by administrators). To find the right portion of text, append ?uselang=qqx to the special page URL, and append &uselang=qqx instead if the URL already contains a ?, This will reveal message names in parentheses. Then, go to that name in the MediaWiki namespace. For example, Special:BookSources?uselang=qqx reveals "(booksources-summary)", so MediaWiki:booksources-summary is used on that page. To propose a modification, leave an {{edit protected}} request on the talk page of the relevant MediaWiki page. An administrator will make the change if it seems appropriate.
Available special pages
General information
Page listings
Tools
Latest changes
Users
Global users
Personal
Maintenance
Miscellaneous
Restricted special pages
The following pages can be accessed only by users with certain privileges.
Inactive
The following special pages are updated on a less regular schedule. Some of these pages may have analogues on cloud services.
Linking and transcluding
To create a link to a special page:
[[Special:PrefixIndex/HMS]]Special:PrefixIndex/HMS
It can take a label:
[[Special:PrefixIndex/HMS|All HMSs]]All HMSs
To present the list on a page, transclude the name:
{{Special:PrefixIndex/HMS}}
However, some pages cannot be transcluded and would produce only a wikilink (e.g., {{Special:Random}}Special:Random). When non-existent pages are linked or transcluded, a red link is produced (e.g., Special:Red link example).
More information on transcludable special pages can be found at Wikipedia:Transclusion#Special pages.
Links containing URL query strings
Main page: Help:Link § Links containing URL query strings
Because the ampersand character (&) is disallowed, it is not possible to create an ordinary link containing &action=edit or &redirect=no in the URL query string.
Special pages in other languages
The term in the site language equivalent to English "Special" is used in each project, for example:
These also appear in the URLs. The English word "Special" always works, even on foreign-language sites.
See also
References
  1. ^ Wikipedia talk:Wikipedia Signpost/Newsroom/Suggestions/Archive 18#Volunteer-initiated extension to be deployed to Wikimedia sites
  2. ^​https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/fewestrevisions.pp
  3. ^​https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/enwiki/cronjob.pp#21
  4. ^​https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/mostrevisions.pp
  5. ^​https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/deadendpages.pp
  6. ^​https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/enwiki/cronjob.pp#27
  7. ^​https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/mostlinked.pp
  8. ^​https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/enwiki/cronjob.pp#33
  9. ^​https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/enwiki/cronjob.pp#15
  10. ^​https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/wantedpages.pp
  11. ^​https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/enwiki/cronjob.pp#45
  12. ^​https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/ancientpages.pp
  13. ^​https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/plugins/gitiles/operations/puppet/+/production/modules/mediawiki/manifests/maintenance/updatequerypages/enwiki/cronjob.pp#39
External links
MediaWiki special page class definitions
Last edited on 4 July 2021, at 15:34
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