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Hungarian Academy of Sciences
The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Hungarian: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (MTA)) is the most important and prestigious learned society of Hungary. Its seat is at the bank of the Danube in Budapest, between Széchenyi rakpart and Akadémia utca. Its main responsibilities are the cultivation of science, dissemination of scientific findings, supporting research and development and representing Hungarian science domestically and around the world.
Hungarian Academy of Sciences

The Budapest seat of the academy on the bank of Danube
Formation3 November 1825; 195 years ago[1]
TypeNational academy
HeadquartersBudapest, Hungary
Coordinates47.5013°N 19.0463°E
Region served
Hungary
Membership
1,352[2]
President
Tamás Freund D.Sc
Websitemta.hu
History
The history of the academy began in 1825 when Count István Széchenyi offered one year's income of his estate for the purposes of a Learned Society at a district session of the Diet in Pressburg (Pozsony, present Bratislava, seat of the Hungarian Parliament at the time), and his example was followed by other delegates. Its task was specified as the development of the Hungarian language and the study and propagation of the sciences and the arts in Hungarian. It received its current name in 1845.
Its central building was inaugurated in 1865, in Renaissance Revival architecture style. The architect was Friedrich August Stüler.
Sections
László Lovász, the president of the Academy till 2020. Previously he served as the president of International Mathematical Union.
Count István Széchenyi offers one year's income of his estate for the purposes of a Learned Society.
A scientific section is a unit of the Academy organized by one or some closely related branches of science. A scientific section follows with attention, promotes and evaluates all scientific activities conducted within its field(s) of science; takes a stand on scientific issues as well as in matters concerning science policy and research organization, submits opinion on the activities of the Academy's research institutes, and on those of university chairs and other research units that are supported by the Academy, and participates in the procedure of awarding the title of Doctor of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, the post-Ph.D academic degree, the D.Sc degree in Hungary.
Today it has eleven main sections:[3]
Research institutes until 2019
Presidents of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
József TelekiNovember 17, 1830 – February 15, 1855
Emil DessewffyApril 17, 1855 – January 10, 1866
József EötvösMarch 18, 1866 – February 2, 1871
Menyhért LónyayMay 17, 1871 – November 3, 1884
Ágoston TrefortMay 28, 1885 – August 22, 1888
Loránd EötvösMay 3, 1889 – October 5, 1905
Albert BerzeviczyNovember 27, 1905 – March 22, 1936
Joseph HabsburgMarch 22, 1936 – October 1944
Gyula KornisMarch 7, 1945 – October 29, 1945
Gyula MoórOctober 29, 1945 – July 24, 1946
Zoltán KodályJuly 24, 1946 – November 29, 1949
István RusznyákNovember 29, 1949 – February 5, 1970
Tibor Erdey-GrúzFebruary 5, 1970 – August 16, 1976
János SzentágothaiOctober 26, 1976 – May 10, 1985
Iván T. BerendMay 10, 1985 – May 24, 1990
Domokos KosáryMay 24, 1990 – May 9, 1996
Ferenc GlatzMay 9, 1996 – May 4, 2002
Szilveszter ViziMay 5, 2002 – May 6, 2008
József PálinkásMay 6, 2008 – May 5, 2014
László LovászMay 6, 2014 – July 31, 2020
Tamás FreundAugust 1, 2020 – present
Széchenyi Academy of Literature and Arts
Main article: Széchenyi Academy of Literature and Arts
The Széchenyi Academy of Literature and Arts (Hungarian: Széchenyi Irodalmi és Művészeti Akadémia) was created in 1992 as an academy associated yet independent from the HAS. Some of the known members are György Konrád, Magda Szabó, Péter Nádas writers, Zoltán Kocsis pianist, Miklós Jancsó, István Szabó film directors. The last president was Károly Makk, film director, who succeeded László Dobszay (resigned on April 20, 2011[5]).
See also
Open access in Hungary
References
  1. ^ "A Magyar Tudományos Akadémiáról" (in Hungarian). MTA. Archived from the original on 21 December 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-06-08. Retrieved 2014-11-11.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-03. Retrieved 2014-11-11.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-31. Retrieved 2014-11-11.
  5. ^ Lemond a Széchenyi Irodalmi és Művészeti Akadémia két vezetője, MTI
External links
Last edited on 3 January 2021, at 17:14
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