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Husainid dynasty
For other uses, see Husaynids.
The Husainid dynasty (Arabic: الحسينيون‎‎) was a ruling dynasty of the Beylik of Tunis, which was of Cretan Turkish origin. It came to power under al-Husayn I ibn Ali in 1705, succeeding the Muradid dynasty. After taking power, the Husainids ruled as Beys. Its succession to the throne was determined by agnatic seniority with the oldest member of the dynasty becoming Bey. The heir apparent to the Bey held the title Bey al-Mahalla. The Husainids originally ruled under the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire. In 1881, with the Treaty of Bardo, Tunisia came under the control of France as a protectorate. Following independence from France on 20 March 1956, the Bey Muhammad VIII al-Amin assumed the title of King and reigned as such until the Prime Minister Habib Bourguiba deposed the dynasty and declared Tunisia a republic on 25 July 1957.[citation needed]
Husainid dynasty
CountryTunisia
Founded15 July 1705
FounderAl-Husayn I ibn Ali
Current headPrince Muhammad al-Habib Bey
Final rulerMuhammad VIII al-Amin
TitlesBey, King of Tunisia
Estate(s)of Tunisia
Deposition25 July 1957
Since June 2013, the current head of the dynasty is Prince Muhammad al-Habib Bey (born 1929) who is a grandson of Muhammad VI al-Habib.[citation needed]
Ruling heads of the dynasty
Main article: List of Beys of Tunis
Non ruling heads of the dynasty
Family tree
Sidi Ali al-Turki (d. 1676)
Muhammad (c. 1665-1735)
II. Ali I (1688-1756; r. 1735-1756)
I. Hussein I (1675-1740; r. 1705-1735)
III. Muhammad I (1710-1759; r. 1756-1759)
VII. Mahmud I (1757-1824; r. 1814-1824)
VIII. Hussein II (1784-1835; r. 1824-1835)
XI. Muhammad II (1811-1859; r. 1855-1859)
Prince Hussein Bey (1839-1890)
Prince Muhammad as-Said Bey (1873-1918)
XXI. Mustafa II (1900-1974; family head: 1969-1974)
XV. Muhammad V (1855-1922; r. 1906-1922)
XVIII. Muhammad VII (1881-1948; r. 1942-1943)
Prince Salah ud-din Bey (1902-1938)
Crown Prince Zainal-Abidin (b. 1930)
XX. Hussein III (1893-1969; Crown Prince: 1943–1957; family head: 1962-1969)
Prince Muhammad Bey (1897-1953)
XXVII. Muhammad X (1928-2013; family head: 2006-2013)
XII. Muhammad III (1813-1882; r. 1859-1882)
XIII. Ali III (1817-1902; r. 1882-1902)
Prince Mustafa Bey (1844-1895)
Prince Iz ud-din Bey (1882-1953)
XXIII. Suleiman I (1909-1992; family head: 1989-1992)
XXIV. Al'Allah I (1910-2001; family head: 1992-2001)
XXVI. Muhi ud-din I (1911-2006; family head: 2004-2006)
XIV. Muhammad IV (1855-1906; r. 1902-1906)
XVII. Ahmad II (1862-1942; r. 1929-1942)
XXII. Muhammad IX (1902-1989; family head: 1974-1989)
Prince Muhammad Mamun Bey (1819-1861)
XVI. Muhammad VI (1858-1929; r. 1922-1929)
Prince Muhammad Iz ud-din Bey (1875-1931)
XXVIII. Muhammad XI (b. 1929; family head: 2013-present)
XIX. Muhammad VIII (1881-1962; r. 1943–1957; family head: 1957-1962)
XXV. Shazli I (1910-2004; family head: 2001-2004)
IX. Mustafa I (1786-1837; r. 1835-1837)
X. Ahmad I (1806-1855; r. 1837-1855)
IV. Ali II (1712-1782; r. 1759-1782)
V. Hammud I (1759-1814; r. 1782-1814)
VI. Uthman I (1763-1814; r. 1814)
[citation needed]
See also
References
External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Husainid dynasty.
Last edited on 24 April 2021, at 05:01
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