ISO 3166 - Wikipedia
ISO 3166
"Geographic code" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Geographic coding.
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ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions.
Parts
It consists of three parts:[1]
Editions
The first edition of ISO 3166, which included only alphabetic country codes, was published in 1974. The second edition, published in 1981, also included numeric country codes, with the third and fourth editions published in 1988 and 1993 respectively. The fifth edition, published between 1997 and 1999, was expanded into three parts to include codes for subdivisions and former countries.[1]
ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency
The ISO 3166 standard is maintained by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA), located at the ISO central office in Geneva. Originally it was located at the Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN) in Berlin. Its principal tasks are:[1]
Members
There are fifteen experts with voting rights on the ISO 3166/MA.[1] Nine are representatives of national standards organizations:
The other six are representatives of major United Nations agencies or other international organizations who are all users of ISO 3166-1:
The ISO 3166/MA has further associated members who do not participate in the votes but who, through their expertise, have significant influence on the decision-taking procedure in the maintenance agency.
Codes beginning with “X”
Country codes beginning with "X" are used for private custom use (reserved), never for official codes. Despite the words “private custom”, the use may include other public standards. Examples:
Current country codes
Please see the List of ISO 3166 country codes.
See also
Geography portal
References
^ a b c d "Country Codes - ISO 3166". International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
External links
ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency, International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
Last edited on 30 December 2020, at 07:46
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