en.m.wikipedia.org
Inter-Parliamentary Union
The Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU; French: Union Interparlementaire, UIP) is an international organization of national parliaments. Its primary purpose is to promote democratic governance, accountability, and cooperation among its members; other initiatives include advancing gender parity among legislatures, empowering youth participation in politics, and sustainable development.
Inter-Parliamentary Union
Founded1889; 132 years ago
FounderFrédéric Passy,
William Randal Cremer
Legal statusInternational organization
HeadquartersGeneva, Switzerland
Duarte Pacheco
Martin Chungong
Website
www.ipu.org
The organization was established in 1889 as the Inter-Parliamentary Congress. Its founders were statesmen Frédéric Passy of France and William Randal Cremer of the United Kingdom, who sought to create the first permanent forum for political multilateral negotiations. Initially, IPU membership was reserved for individual parliamentarians, but has since transformed to include the legislatures of sovereign states. As of 2020, the national parliaments of 179 countries are members of the IPU, while 13 regional parliamentary assemblies are associate members.[1][2]
The IPU has played a leading role in the development of international law and institutions, including the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the League of Nations, and the United Nations. It also sponsors and takes part in international conferences and forums, and has permanent observer status at the United Nations General Assembly. Consequently, eight individuals associated with the organization are Nobel Peace Prize laureates.
History
Eight leading personalities of the IPU have received Nobel Peace Prizes:
The organisation's initial objective was the arbitration of conflicts. The IPU played an important part in setting up the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague. Over time, its mission has evolved towards the promotion of democracy and inter-parliamentary dialogue. The IPU has worked for establishment of institutions at the inter-governmental level, including the United Nations, an organization with which it cooperates and with which it has permanent observer status.
Map of IPU member states
Numerous bodies have expressed interest in the possibility of transforming the IPU into a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly, among them the Committee for a Democratic UN, the German Bundestag and the Socialist International. The Liberal International also considers this as an option.
The headquarters of the union have been moved several times since its inception. Locations:
Members and organization
Members
It is the duty of the Members of the IPU to submit the resolutions of the IPU within their respective Parliament, in the most appropriate form; to communicate them to the Government; to stimulate their implementation and to inform the IPU Secretariat, as often and fully as possible, particularly in its annual reports, as to the steps taken and the results obtained.
Associate Members
The participating parliamentary assemblies other than national parliaments are the following:[1]
NameRelated organization
Andean ParliamentCAN
Central American ParliamentSICA
East African Legislative AssemblyEAC
European ParliamentEU
Inter-parliamentary Assembly of Member Nations of the Commonwealth of Independent StatesCIS
Interparliamentary Assembly on Orthodoxy[3]none
Inter-Parliamentary Committee of the West African Economic and Monetary UnionUEMOA
Latin American Parliamentnone [note 1]
Parliamentary Assembly of the Black Sea Economic CooperationBSEC
Parliament of the Economic Community of West African StatesECOWAS
Parliament of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central AfricaCEMAC
Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of EuropeCoE
Transitional Arab ParliamentAL
Organs
Headquarters of the IPU in Geneva (2010)
The organs of the Inter-Parliamentary Union are:
The Association of Secretaries General of Parliaments is a consultative body of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.
Conferences
Art Nouveau plaque-medallion for the 15th Inter-Parliamentary Conference 1908 in Berlin
The IPU Assembly (formerly known as the Inter-Parliamentary Conference) is the principal statutory body that expresses the views of the Inter-Parliamentary Union on political issues.[6]
#Host CityHost CountryYear
141stBelgrade
 Serbia
2019
140thDoha Qatar2019
139thGeneva
  Switzerland
2018
138thGeneva
  Switzerland
2018
137thSt. Petersburg
 Russia
2017
136thDhaka Bangladesh2017
135thGeneva
  Switzerland
2016
134thLusaka
 Zambia
2016
133rdGeneva
  Switzerland
2015
132ndHanoi
 Vietnam
2015
131stGeneva
  Switzerland [7]
2014
130thGeneva
  Switzerland
2014
129thGeneva
  Switzerland
2013
128thQuito
 Ecuador
2013
127thQuebec City Canada2012
126thKampala
 Uganda
2012
125thBern
  Switzerland
2011
124thPanama city
 Panama
2011
123rdGeneva
  Switzerland
2010
122ndBangkok
 Thailand
2010
121stGeneva
  Switzerland
2009
120thAddis Ababa Ethiopia2009
119thGeneva
  Switzerland
2008
118thCape Town
 South Africa
2008
117thGeneva
  Switzerland
2007
116thNusa Dua, Bali
 Indonesia
2007
115thGeneva
  Switzerland
2006
114thNairobi
 Kenya
2006
113thGeneva
  Switzerland
2005
112thManila Philippines2005
111thGeneva
  Switzerland
2004
110thMexico Mexico2004
109thGeneva
  Switzerland
2003
108thSantiago
 Chile
2003
107thMarrakesh
 Morocco
2002
106thOuagadougou
 Burkina Faso
2001
105thHavana Cuba2001
104thJakarta
 Indonesia
2000
103rdAmman Jordan2000
102ndBerlin Germany1999
101stBrussels
 Belgium
1999
100thMoscow
 Russia
1998
99thWindhoek
 Namibia
1998
98thCairo
 Egypt
1997
97thSeoul
 South Korea
1997
96thBeijing
 China
1996
95thIstanbul
 Turkey
1996
94thBucharest
 Romania
1995
93rdMadrid
 Spain
1995
92ndCopenhagen
 Denmark
1994
91stParis
 France
1994
90thCanberra Australia1993
89thNew Delhi
 India
1993
88thStockholm Sweden1992
87thYaoundé
 Cameroon
1992
86thSantiago
 Chile
1991
85thPyongyang North Korea1991
84thPunta del Este
 Uruguay
1990
83rdNicosia
 Cyprus
1990
82ndLondon United Kingdom1989
81stBudapest Hungary1989
80thSofia Bulgaria1988
79thGuatemala City Guatemala1988
78thBangkok
 Thailand
1987
77thManagua Nicaragua1987
76thBuenos Aires Argentina1986
75thMexico City Mexico1986
74thOttawa Canada1985
73rdLomé Togo1985
72ndGeneva
  Switzerland
1984
71stGeneva
  Switzerland
1984
70thSeoul
 South Korea
1983
69thRome
 Italy
1982
68thHavana Cuba1981
67thBerlin East Germany1980
66thCaracas
 Venezuela
1979
65thBonn Germany1978
64thSofia Bulgaria1977
63rdMadrid
 Spain
1976
62ndLondon United Kingdom1975
61stTokyo
 Japan
1974
60thRome
 Italy
1972
59thParis
 France
1971
58thThe Hague
 Netherlands
1970
57thNew Delhi
 India
1969
56thLima
 Peru
1968
55thTehran Iran1966
54thOttawa Canada1965
53rdCopenhagen
 Denmark
1964
52ndBelgrade Yugoslavia1963
51stBrasilia
 Brazil
1962
50thBrussels
 Belgium
1961
49thTokyo
 Japan
1960
48thWarsaw Poland1959
47thRio de Janeiro
 Brazil
1958
46thLondon United Kingdom1957
45thBangkok
 Thailand
1956
44thHelsinki Finland1955
43rdVienna
 Austria
1954
42ndWashington, D.C. United States1953
41stBern
  Switzerland
1952
40thIstanbul
 Turkey
1951
39thDublin Ireland1950
38thStockholm Sweden1949
37thRome
 Italy
1948
36thCairo
 Egypt
1947
35thOslo
 Norway
1939
34thThe Hague
 Netherlands
1938
33rdParis
 France
1937
32ndBudapest Hungary1936
31stBrussels
 Belgium
1935
30thIstanbul
 Turkey
1934
29thMadrid Spain1933
28thGeneva
  Switzerland
1932
27thBucharest
 Romania
1931
26thLondon United Kingdom1930
25thBerlin
 Germany
1928
24thParis
 France
1927
23rdWashington, D.C. United States1925
Ottawa Canada
22ndBern
  Switzerland
1924
21stCopenhagen
 Denmark
1923
20thVienna
 Austria
1922
19thStockholm Sweden1921
18thThe Hague
 Netherlands
1913
17thGeneva
  Switzerland
1912
16thBrussels
 Belgium
1910
15thBerlin
 Germany
1908
14thLondon United Kingdom1906
13thBrussels
 Belgium
1905
12thSt. Louis United States1904
11thVienna
 Austria-Hungary
1903
10thParis
 France
1900
9thChristiania
 Denmark
1899
8thBrussels
 Belgium
1897
7thBudapest
 Austria-Hungary
1896
6thBrussels
 Belgium
1895
5thThe Hague
 Netherlands
1894
4thBern
  Switzerland
1892
3rdRome
 Italy
1891
2ndLondon United Kingdom1890
1stParis
 France
1889
Presidents
PresidentYearsCountry
Duarte Pacheco2020-present
 Portugal
Gabriela Cuevas Barron2017-2020 Mexico
Saber Hossain Chowdhury2014–2017 Bangladesh
Abdelwahad Radi2011–2014
 Morocco
Theo-Ben Gurirab2008–2011
 Namibia
Pier Ferdinando Casini2005–2008
 Italy
Sergio Paes Verdugo2002–2005
 Chile
Najma Heptulla1999–2002
 India
Miguel Angel Martinez1997–1999
 Spain
Ahmed Fathi Sorour1994–1997
 Egypt
Michael Marshall1991–1994 United Kingdom
Dauda Sow1988–1991
 Senegal
Hans Stercken1985–1988 West Germany
John Page1985 United Kingdom
Izz El Din El Sayed1983–1985 Sudan
Emile Cuvelier1983
 Belgium
Johannes Virolainen1982–1983 Finland
Rafael Caldera1979–1982
 Venezuela
Thomas Williams1976–1979 United Kingdom
Gurdial Singh Dhillon1973–1976
 India
André Chandernagor1968–1973
 France
Abderrahman Abdennebi1967-1968
 Tunisia
Ranieri Mazzilli1962–1967
 Brazil
Giuseppe Codacci-Pisanelli1957–1962
 Italy
William Wedgwood Benn1947–1957 United Kingdom
Henri Carton de Wiart1934–1947
 Belgium
Fernand Bouisson1928–1934
 France
Theodor Adelsward1922–1928 Sweden
Philip Stanhope1912–1922 United Kingdom
August Beernaert1909–1912
 Belgium
Amendments to the Statutes
Any proposal to amend the Statutes shall be submitted in writing to the Secretariat of the Union at least three months before the meeting of the Assembly. The Secretariat will immediately communicate all such proposals to the Members of the Union. The consideration of such proposed amendments shall be automatically placed on the agenda of the Assembly.
Any sub-amendments shall be submitted in writing to the Secretariat of the Union at least six weeks before the meeting of the Assembly. The Secretariat will immediately communicate all such sub-amendments to the Members of the Union.
After hearing the opinion of the Governing Council, expressed through a simple majority vote, the Assembly shall decide on such proposals by a two-thirds majority vote.
The IPU and the United Nations
The IPU marked the 50th anniversary of the United Nations, in 1995, by holding a special session in the General Assembly Hall before the start of the session,[8] where they planned for closer cooperation with the United Nations. The General Assembly Resolution passed during that session requested the Secretary-General to put this into action.[9] An agreement was signed between the IPU and the Secretary-General on 24 July 1996 and subsequently ratified by a General Assembly Resolution, where the United Nations recognizes IPU as the world organization of parliaments.[10][11] Pursuant to this resolution, the Secretary-General submitted a report[12] which was noted with appreciation by the General Assembly, who requested further strengthening of cooperation and another report.[13] This report detailed the measures that had been taken, including opening a liaison office in New York, and cooperation on issues such land-mines and the promotion of representative democracy.[14] Following an entire morning of debate[15] the General Assembly passed a resolution which simply stated that it "looks forward to continued close cooperation".[16]
The following year (1999) the Secretary-General reported on an increased number of areas of cooperation,[17] the issue was debated for an entire afternoon[18] (interrupted by a minute of silence held for tribute to Vazgen Sargsyan, the Prime Minister of Armenia who had just at that time been killed by gunmen),[19] and passed a resolution requesting the IPU be allowed to address the Millennium General Assembly directly.[20]
Following another report,[21] and another half-day debate,[22] the General Assembly welcomed the IPU declaration entitled "The Parliamentary vision for international cooperation at the dawn of the third millennium" and called for the Secretary-General to explore new and further ways in which the relationship could be strengthened.[23]
On 19 November 2002 the IPU was granted observer status to the General Assembly.[24]
In the Resolution 59/19, Cooperation between the United Nations and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, the UN General Assembly takes note of the recommendations in regard to engaging parliamentarians more systematically in the work of the United Nations.[25]
The final declaration of the Second World Conference of Speakers of Parliament, hosted at United Nations headquarters, took place in September 2005, was entitled Bridging the democracy gap in international relations: A stronger role for parliament.[26]
In the Resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly, 61/6, Cooperation between the United Nations and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, on 27 November 2006, it calls for the further development of the annual parliamentary hearing at the United Nations and other specialized parliamentary meetings in the context of major United Nations meetings as joint United Nations-Inter-Parliamentary Union events.[27]
Every year during the fall session of the General Assembly the IPU organises a Parliamentary Hearing.[28] A resolution on cooperation between the United Nations and the IPU allowed for circulation of official IPU documents in the General Assembly.
UN and the IPU cooperate closely in various fields, in particular peace and security, economic and social development, international law, human rights, and democracy and gender issues, but IPU has not obtained the status of UN General Assembly subsidiary organ.
Fourth World Conference of Speakers of Parliament
The fourth world conference on UN 70th anniversary marked by Ban Ki-Moon as "UN70" was organised in September 2015 where Speakers of all IPU(​Inter-Parliamentary Union) member parliaments and of non-member parliaments were invited from across the world. The theme was on peace, democracy, and development.[29]
United Nations reports, resolutions, and agreements
See also
Notes
^ Multiple regional organizations in Latin America such as the Rio Group, Latin American Economic System and Latin American Integration Association have similar membership.
References
  1. ^ a b "Members". Inter-Parliamentary Union. 2016-05-13. Retrieved 2017-12-07.
  2. ^ "Матвиенко избрана председателем ассамблеи Межпарламентского союза". ТАСС (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-10-17.
  3. ^ "HISTORY OF THE IAO". Retrieved 2020-01-07.
  4. ^ "Election of the President of the Inter-Parliamentary Union" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Secretary General". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 2020-08-25.
  6. ^ Statutory Assemblies at IPU official website. Accessed 24 February 2014
  7. ^ "Cameroon: Ipu Urges Members to Stem Indefensible Terrorism and to Protect Human Rights". allAfrica.com - PR Newswire. Retrieved 2014-10-21.
  8. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 50 Document 561. A/50/561 page 2. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  9. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 50 Resolution 15. A/RES/50/15 22 November 1995. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  10. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 51 Document 402. A/51/402 25 September 1995. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  11. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 51 Resolution 7. A/RES/51/7 7 November 1996. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  12. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 52 Document 456. A/52/456 13 October 1997. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  13. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 52 Resolution 7. A/RES/52/7 6 November 1997. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  14. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 53 Document 458. A/53/458 5 October 1998. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  15. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 53 Verbatim Report 46. A/53/PV.46 28 October 1998. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  16. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 53 Resolution 13. A/RES/53/13 Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  17. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 54 Document 379. A/54/379 21 September 1999. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  18. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 54 Verbatim Report 41. A/54/PV.41 27 October 1999. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  19. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 54 Verbotim Report 41. A/54/PV.41 page 20. The President 27 October 1999 at 15:00. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  20. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 54 Resolution 12. A/RES/54/12 18 November 1999. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  21. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 55 Document 409. A/55/409 18 October 2000. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  22. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 55 Verbatim Report 55. A/55/PV.55 8 November 2000. Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  23. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 55 Resolution 19. A/RES/55/19 Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  24. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 57 Resolution 32. A/RES/57/32 Retrieved 2007-09-10.
  25. ^ a b Resolution adopted by the General Assembly, 17 December 2004
  26. ^ Bridging the democracy gap in international relations: A stronger role for parliaments UNO Second World Conference of Speakers of Parliaments, New York, 7 to 9 September 2005
  27. ^ a b Resolution 61/6: Cooperation between the United Nations and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, 27 November 2006, at IPU official website
  28. ^ Cooperation with the UN: hearings at IPU official website
  29. ^ "Press Releases". www.hellenicparliament.gr​. Retrieved 2015-10-01.
  30. ^ Etpu
  31. ^ Microsoft Word – 0447505e.doc
  32. ^ Microsoft Word – UND_GEN_N0254074_DOCU_N
  33. ^ Resolution 57/32. Observer status for the Inter-Parliamentary Union in the General Assembly 19 November 2002
  34. ^ Cooperation between the United Nations and the Inter-Parliamentary Union: Report of the Secretary-General—Summary at IPU official website, 3 September 2002
  35. ^ Cooperation between the United Nations and the Inter-Parliamentary Union: Report of the Secretary-General Full item, 25 September 1996, at UNO official website. Accessed 24 February 2014
External links
Last edited on 6 May 2021, at 10:58
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.
Privacy policy
Terms of Use
Desktop
HomeRandomNearbyLog inSettingsDonateAbout WikipediaDisclaimers
LanguageWatchEdit