International Criminal Court investigation in Libya
First Libyan Civil War
As of 9 May 2018, the ICC had outstanding warrants for the arrest of Tohami Khaled
, former head of the Internal Security Agency of Libya during the final years of the Muammar Gaddafi
government; and of Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, both of whom were believed by the ICC to remain at large.
Saif al-Islam Gaddafi had been captured in Zintan
in 2014 and rumoured to have been released in June 2018.
The ICC claims against Abdullah Senussi
were concluded in July 2014 on the grounds that his case was being tried in Libyan courts
and as of 9 May 2018, continued to monitor the progress of the Libyan legal proceedings against him.
Second Libyan Civil War
In April 2019, during the 2019 Western Libya offensive
, ICC Chief Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda
stated that both those directly committing war crimes in Libya during the conflict and their commanders would be liable to prosecution by the ICC, including anyone "ordering, requesting, encouraging or contributing in any other manner to the commission of crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court".
Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj
of the Tripoli-based Government of National Accord
(GNA) stated on 17 April that the GNA would provide documentation to the ICC regarding the 16 April Grad
shelling of residential areas
that killed at least seven people and wounded 17,
for which he attributed responsibility to Khalifa Haftar
, leader of the Tobruk
-based Libyan National Army
On 2 May, a spokesperson for the GNA, Muhanad Younis, stated that administrative responsibility had been allocated for documenting war crimes during the Western Libya offensive and providing the documentation to the ICC.
As of 6 April 2019, the ICC had two outstanding warrants for the arrest of LNA commander Mahmoud al-Werfalli
, for involvement in seven alleged executions in and near Benghazi of 33 people during June 2016 to July 2017
and for allegedly executing ten people "in front of a cheering crowd" in Benghazi between 23 and 25 January 2018.
As of November 2017, the LNA had claimed that al-Werfalli had been arrested and was being investigated by military authorities, while the ICC believed that he was not under arrest and was commanding the al-Saiqa brigade of the LNA.
In February 2018, information about al-Werfalli's arrest status was unclear, and an Interpol red notice
for his arrest was issued.
- ^ a b c "Situations under investigation". International Criminal Court. 2019. Archived from the original on 2019-04-13. Retrieved 2019-04-13.
- ^ Assad, Abdulkader (2019-04-12). "Germany urges Haftar to stop Tripoli attack, ICC vows to prosecute war criminals". Libya Observer. Archived from the original on 2019-04-12. Retrieved 2019-04-12.
- ^ a b c "Eighth report of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court to the UN Security Council pursuant to UNSCR 1970 (2011)"(PDF). International Criminal Court. 2014-11-11. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-04-13. Retrieved 2019-04-13.
- ^ a b c d e f The Office of the Prosecutor (2018-05-09). "Fifteenth report of the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court to the United Nations Security Council pursuant to UNSCR 1970 (2011)" (PDF). International Criminal Court. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-04-09. Retrieved 2019-04-09.
- ^ Xypolia, Ilia (2018-07-02). "News of Saif al-Islam's release: regional politics fuels rumour mill in Libya". The Conversation. Archived from the original on 2019-04-13. Retrieved 2019-04-13.
- ^ Bensouda, Fatou (16 April 2019). "Statement of ICC Prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, in relation to the escalation of violence in and around Tripoli, Libya". International Criminal Court. Archived from the original on 18 April 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
- ^ "Late night shelling in Tripoli as Europe, Gulf divided over..." Reuters. 16 April 2019. Archived from the original on 3 May 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- ^ Laessing, Ulf; Elumami, Ahmed (17 April 2019). "Shells kill seven in Tripoli neighborhood as Haftar's two-week siege rages". Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
- ^ "Al-Sarraj vows to urge for Haftar's indictment at ICC". The Libya Observer. 1 April 2019. Archived from the original on 18 April 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
- ^ Zaptia, Sami (2019-05-03). "Over 2,400 children receive psychosocial support for war trauma as Serraj spokesperson deplores UNSMIL and Salame's poor conflict resolution efforts". Libya Herald. Archived from the original on 2019-05-03. Retrieved 2019-05-03.
- ^ "Libya: Threat of Tripoli Fighting Raises Atrocity Concerns — Hiftar's Forces, Rival Militias Have History of Abuses". Human Rights Watch. 6 April 2019. Archived from the original on 9 April 2019. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
Last edited on 22 January 2021, at 18:00
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