International Ice Hockey Federation
The International Ice Hockey Federation
: Fédération internationale de hockey sur glace
: Internationale Eishockey-Föderation
) is a worldwide governing body
for ice hockey
and in-line hockey
. It is based in Zurich
, and has 81 member countries. Over two thirds of registered members are North-American.
International Ice Hockey Federation
IIHF Headquarters in Zurich (Villa Freigut, Enge
The main functions of the IIHF are to govern, develop and organize hockey throughout the world. Another duty is to promote friendly relations among the member national associations and to operate in an organized manner for the good order of the sport
The federation may take the necessary measures in order to conduct itself and its affairs in accordance with its statutes
and regulations as well as in holding a clear jurisdiction
with regards to ice hockey and in-line hockey at the international level. The IIHF is the body responsible with arranging the sponsorships
, license rights, advertising
in connection with all IIHF competitions.
Another purpose of the federation is to provide aid in the young players' development and in the development of coaches
and game officials
. On the other hand, all the events of IIHF are organized by the federation along with establishing and maintaining contact with any other sport federations or sport groups. The IIHF is responsible for processing the international players' transfers. It is also the body that presides over ice hockey at the Olympic Games
as well as over all levels of the IIHF World Championships
The federation works in collaboration with local committees
when organizing its 25 World Championships, at five different categories.
Even though the IIHF runs the world championships, it is also responsible for the organization of several European club competitions such as the Champions Hockey League
or the Continental Cup
The federation is governed by the legislative body of the IIHF which is the General Congress along with the executive body, which is the Council. The Congress is entitled to make decisions with regard to the game's rules, the statutes and bylaws in the name of the federation. It is also the body that elects the president and the council or otherwise known as board.
The president of the IIHF is basically the representative of the federation. He represents the federation's interests in all external matters and he is also responsible that the decisions are made according to the federation's statutes and regulations. The president is assisted by the General Secretary, who is also the highest ranked employee of the IIHF.
The International Ice Hockey Federation was founded on 15 May 1908 at 34 Rue de Provence
, as Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace (LIHG).
The 1920 Olympics
were the first to integrate hockey into their program.
The 1962 World Championship
, hosted by the American cities of Colorado Springs
, was boycotted by the Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia, which led to a further boycott by the other Eastern Bloc
countries. At issue was the boycott of the 1957 championships in Moscow by Canada and the United States, and the Americans refusal of East German passports in reaction to the building of the Berlin Wall
by East Germany.
During the 1980s Canada stopped boycotting the World Championships and Olympic Games. The Canadians had boycotted these tournaments between 1970 and 1976 after the IIHF had refused to allow them to roster professional players at the World Championships from NHL teams that had not qualified for the Stanley Cup playoffs
. President Sabetzki managed to find a compromise that resulted in the return of Canada to international events beginning in 1977. The pro players whose teams had been eliminated from the playoffs were allowed to compete and in exchange, Canada agreed to participate in the World Championships. They also waived their right to host any World Championships. The creation of the Canada Cup
(a competition organized by the NHL in Canada every four years) was also part of the new agreement between the IIHF and North American professional hockey.
The IIHF continued to grow in numbers during the 1980s and 1990s, both due to political events and the continued growth of hockey worldwide. The dissolution of the Soviet Union
saw its membership transferred to Russia
, and the addition of four ex-Soviet republics
, and Ukraine
to the federation. In addition, the memberships of Estonia
, and Lithuania
- all of which had initially joined the IIHF in the 1930s but were expelled following their annexation by the Soviet Union - were renewed. The breakup of Yugoslavia
also resulted in an increase in membership. Croatia
joined as new members, while the membership of the old Yugoslavia was transferred to FR Yugoslavia
(which later became known as Serbia and Montenegro and still later dissolved into the independent republics of Serbia
). When Czechoslovakia broke up
, its membership rights were transferred to the Czech Republic
was admitted as a new member. The influx of new members resulted in the IIHF increasing the size of the Group A tournament. It expanded from 8 teams to 12 in 1992 and from 12 to 16 in 1998.
The number of members grew in the 21st century: Chile
(2000), Bosnia and Herzegovina
(2001), North Macedonia
(2001), the United Arab Emirates
(2009), Kuwait (2009; had originally joined in 1985, but was expelled in 1992), Morocco
(2016), the Philippines
(2019), and Uzbekistan
On May 23, 2021 civilian Ryanair Flight 4978
, which was enroute from Athens to Vilnius, was forced to land in Minsk
and a passenger of that flight was detained. In protest, Latvian officials replaced the Belarusian state flag
in Riga with the former flag associated with the Belarusian opposition groups, including at the 2021 IIHF World Championship display of flags. This was by order of Mayor of Riga Mārtiņš Staķis
and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Latvia Edgars Rinkēvičs
. The IIHF issued a statement protesting the replacement of the flag, and IIHF president René Fasel asked the mayor to remove the IIHF name, its flag and its symbols from such sites, or to restore the flag, insisting that the IIHF is an "apolitical sports organization".
In response, Staķis said he would remove the IIHF flags.
IIHF Hall of Fame
The Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto has hosted the IIHF Hall of Fame since 1998.
Prior to the establishment of the IIHF Hall of Fame, the IIHF displayed a collection of historical artifacts from World Championships and the Olympic Games in temporary exhibits. From 1992 to 1997, the IIHF loaned its exhibits to the International Hockey Hall of Fame
in Kingston, Ontario
The first step taken by the IIHF to create its own hall of fame was a proposal made in 1996, which was later ratified at the 1997 IIHF summer congress to host the museum in Zürich
The approval came exactly 89 years from the foundation of the IIHF, with the purpose of honoring former international ice hockey
players, builders (administrators) and officials.
The annual induction ceremony takes place on the medal presentation day of the Ice Hockey World Championships.
The IIHF agreed with the National Hockey League
to transfer its exhibits to the Hockey Hall of Fame
, Canada, as of 29 July 1998.
Other national team tournaments
Ice Hockey European Championships
–An annual ice hockey tournament for European countries associated to the International Ice Hockey Federation played from 1910 to 1991.
The IIHF is a relatively small organization, with about twenty members of staff employed at the headquarters in Zurich.
Map of the world with current members of the IIHF. (Red indicates full members, blue indicates associate members and green indicates affiliate members.)
Chief Medical Officers
The federation has 59 full members: Australia
, Bosnia and Herzegovina
, Chinese Taipei
, the Czech Republic
, Great Britain
, Hong Kong
, North Korea
, South Korea
, New Zealand
, the Philippines
, South Africa
, the United Arab Emirates
, and the United States
. Full members have a national body dedicated to the sport, and participate annually in the international championships. Only full members have voting rights.
In addition, there are 21 associate members and one affiliate member.
Associate members either do not have a national body dedicated to the sport, or do not regularly participate in the international championships. They are Algeria
, North Macedonia
, and Uzbekistan
, an affiliate member, only participate in inline championships.
Based on the number of registered ice hockey players, including male, female and junior, provided by the respective countries' federations. Note that this list includes 70 out of 81 IIHF member countries with more than 100 registered players as of June 2021.
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- ^ International Ice Hockey Federation. "IIHF Statutes and Bylaws" 8 May 2019.
- ^ It all Started in Paris, 1908 International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved on 7 May 2019
- ^ "IIHF 1914-1933". iihf.com. IIHF. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
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- ^ a b "IIHF 1990-today". iihf.com. IIHF. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
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- ^ "International Campaign: Don't play with the dictator!". 17 April 2012.
- ^ Davide Tuniz (15 March 2012). "European Parliament calls to move the 2014 World Championship from Belarus".
- ^ "Ice hockey-IIHF president to meet Belarus' Lukashenko to discuss 2021 world championship – RIA". Reuters. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
- ^ "Ice Hockey: Belarus must meet 'specific requirements' to host World Championship". Deutsche Welle. 14 January 2021. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
- ^ "IIHF to move 2021 World Championship". International Ice Hockey Federation. 18 January 2021. Retrieved 18 January 2021.
- ^ "Latvia and hockey body spar over Belarus opposition flag". France 24. 25 May 2021.
- ^ "Ice Hockey Federation boss Fasel unhappy with Belarus flag switch". lsm.lv. 25 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
- ^ "Latvia removes ice hockey body's banner in row over Belarus flag swap". Reuters. 25 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
- ^ a b c d "IIHF Hall of Fame". Hockey Archives (in Russian). Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- ^ a b "IIHF Hall of Fame". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- ^ a b Burnside, Scott (31 August 2004). "World Cup is hockey at its best". ESPN. Retrieved 11 March 2009.
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- ^ "Summit Series '72 Summary". Legends of Hockey. Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 7 August 2008. Retrieved 11 March 2009.
- ^ "IIHF Staff". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
- ^ "Wolf-Dieter Montag – Curriculum Vitae"(PDF). Gesellschaft für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin (in German). 19 November 2014. p. 2.
- ^ "Paul Loicq Award: Dr Mark Aubry (CAN)". IIHF. 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- ^ "Dr. Mark Aubry – 2006 Dr. Tom Pashby Sports Safety Award". Dr. Pashby Sports Safety Fund. 18 November 2006. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
- ^ "Member National Associations". IIHF. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
- ^ "Countries in the world by population (2021)". Worldometer. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
Podnieks, Andrew; Szemberg, Szymon (2007). World of hockey : celebrating a century of the IIHF
. Fenn Publishing. ISBN 9781551683072
Last edited on 12 June 2021, at 22:17
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