International Institute for Strategic Studies
International Institute for Strategic Studies
The 2017 Global Go To Think Tank Index ranked IISS as the tenth-best think tank worldwide and the second-best Defence and National Security think tank globally,
ranked it third-largest UK think tank by expenditure, but gave it its lowest rating, 'deceptive', on funding transparency.
The IISS describes itself as a:
primary source of accurate, objective information on international strategic issues for politicians and diplomats, foreign affairs analysts, international business, economists, the military, defence commentators, journalists, academics and the informed public. The Institute owes no allegiance to any government, or to any political or other organisation.
The Institute claims 2,500 individual members and 450 corporate and institutional members from more than 100 countries.
The Institute's work is built on the activities of its eleven research programmes. Dozens of experts and consulting experts contribute to the institute's studies. Research includes work under seven thematic programmes: Armed Conflict; Future Conflict and Cyber Security; Defence and Military Analysis; Economic and Energy Security; Geo-economics and Strategy; Non-Proliferation and Nuclear Policy; Security and Development. There are also four active regional security programmes: Asia-Pacific; Middle East and Persian Gulf; South Asia; US Foreign Policy and Transatlantic Affairs.
The IISS publishes The Military Balance
, an annual assessment of nations' military capabilities. Since 2017 it has also published Military Balance+
, an online database on the same subject.
Since 2002 the Institute has hosted the annual IISS Shangri-La Dialogue
in Singapore, a conference on Asia–Pacific security issues featuring heads of state, defence ministers and security experts from the region and around the world. In 2017 Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said:
"The Shangri-La Dialogue has grown to become one of the world's great strategic gatherings." The 2017 Global Go To Think Tank Index ranked the Shangri-La Dialogue as the best Think tank conference worldwide.
The annual IISS Manama Dialogue,
held in the Kingdom of Bahrain, sees global heads of state and high-ranking ministers discuss defence and political issues related to the Middle East. In 2015 Egyptian president Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi described the dialogue
as a "major regional event focusing on regional security issues and everything that impacts upon them".
In recent years the institute has hosted smaller conferences including the Bahrain Bay Forum
and NATO transformation seminar,
and regularly holds debates and panel discussions
at its offices around the world.
Founded in 1958, with its original focus nuclear deterrence and arms control, the IISS has strong establishment links, with former US and British government officials among its members. The institute claims that it "was hugely influential in setting the intellectual structures for managing the Cold War
In 1959 the ISS issued a pamphlet on the "military balance" between the Soviet Union and NATO. It was unfortunately replete with errors, having been put together from published sources of widely varying quality. I called this to the attention of Alastair Buchan
, the director of the institute, who was quite disturbed. A new version was issued in November 1960, much more correct and accurate, though still not up to the latest intelligence. Again, I called this to Buchan's attention, and he undertook to check out with British authorities what became annual issuances.
The second issue appeared under the title "The Communist Bloc and the Free World: The Military Balance 1960".
In 2016, The Guardian
reported that IISS "has been accused of jeopardising its independence after leaked documents showed it has secretly received £25m from the Bahraini royal family
", noting that leaked "documents reveal that IISS and Bahrain's rulers specifically agreed to keep the latter's funding for the Manama Dialogues secret".
The IISS did not dispute the authenticity of the leaked documents or deny receiving funding from Bahrain
, but issued a response stating that "[a]ll IISS contractual agreements, including those with host governments, contain a clause asserting the Institute's absolute intellectual and operational independence as an international organisation that does not participate in any manner of advocacy."
The Middle East Eye
subsequently reported that IISS may have received nearly half of its total income from Bahraini sources in some years.
Council members as of
- Professor François Heisbourg, Chairman of the IISS and of the Geneva Centre for Security Policy
- Joanne de Asis, founder and chairperson, Asia Pacific Capital Partners
- Fleur de Villiers, journalist
- Field Marshal Charles Guthrie, Baron Guthrie of Craigiebank
- Bill Emmott, journalist
- Michael Fullilove, academic
- Marillyn A. Hewson, Chairman, President and CEO of Lockheed Martin
- Badr Jafar, President of Crescent Petroleum
- Bilahari Kausikan, Ambassador-at-Large, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Singapore)
- Ellen Laipson, president and CEO, Henry L Stimson Center
- Chung Min Lee, Professor of International Relations, Yonsei University
- Eric X. Li, founder and managing director, Chengwei Capital
- Jean-Claude Mallet, Councillor of State (France)
- Moeletsi Mbeki
- Michael D. Rich
- Charles Powell, Baron Powell of Bayswater
- George Robertson, Baron Robertson of Port Ellen
- Ambassador Andrés Rozental Gutman, President, Rozental & Asociados
- Thomas Seaman, Fellow and Bursar, All Souls College, Oxford
- Grace Reksten Skaugen, chair of Norwegian Institute of Directors and deputy chair of Statoil
- Major-General Amos Yadlin, former IAF General
- Igor Yurgens, chairman of the management board of the Institute of Contemporary Development
- ^ McGann, James G. (31 January 2018). "2017 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report".
- ^ Transparify (16 November 2018). "Pressure grows on UK think tanks that fail to disclose their funders". Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- ^ "Authors of the report – Iraq". The Times. 10 September 2002.
- ^ "IISS Governance and Advisory Structure".
- ^ "FARC files 'show ties to Chavez'". www.aljazeera.com.
- ^ "IISS Shangri-La Dialogue 2019". IISS.
- ^ IISS [httpa://www.iiss.org/en/shangri-la%20voices/blogsections/2017-b8c0/sld-video-highlights-d211 httpa://www.iiss.org/en/shangri-la%20voices/blogsections/2017-b8c0/sld-video-highlights-d211]. Missing or empty |title= (help)
- ^ a b http://www.iiss.org/en/events/manama-dialogue/archive/manama-dialogue-2015-0220/keynote-517c/al-sisi-facd
- ^ http://www.iiss.org/en/events/bahrain-bay-forum
- ^ http://www.iiss.org/en/events/nato-s-transformation-s-seminar
- ^ "Events". IISS.
- ^ A Journey Through the Cold War, 2004, p.64. See also "Conflict: An International Journal", 1987 edition, 85-86.
- ^ "British thinktank received £25m from Bahraini royals, documents reveal", The Guardian, 6 December 2016 .
- ^ "Our funding", IISS, 10 November 2016.
- ^ "IISS activities in the Kingdom of Bahrain", IISS, 7 December 2016
- ^ "Bahrain and the IISS: The questions that need to be answered", Middle East Eye, 9 December 2016.
- ^ IISS, Dr John Chipman CMG
- ^ "The Council". International Institute for Strategic Studies. 2017. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
Last edited on 10 February 2021, at 18:00
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