en.m.wikipedia.org
Irreligion in Latin America
This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (January 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Irreligion in Latin America refers to various types of irreligion, including atheism, agnosticism, deism, secular humanism, secularism and non-religious. According to a global survey conducted in 2011, 16% of the population has no religion (13% of non-religious, 2% atheists convinced and 1% didn't know answer).[1][2][3]
Irreligious Latin Americans
Total population
Population in Latin America:
Not religious: 8%
Religious: 92%
Religions
Irreligion (nones)
(including agnosticism, atheism, deism, skepticism, freethought/freethinker, secular humanism, ignosticism, Nonbeliever, Non-theist, secular Rationalist)
Percentage by country
style="background:#fff;"
CountryPercentage of the Local PopulationPopulation in
(millions)
Uruguay
47[4][5]1.6
Mexico42[6][7]52.9
Cuba40[8][9]4.6
Chile
29[10]5.2
El Salvador24[11][12]1.4
Honduras23[13]2.198
Argentina22[14][15]6.6
Dominican Republic
19[16][17]2.1
Guatemala18.3[18]2.6
Nicaragua15.7[19]0.911
Belize15.6[20]0.051
Venezuela
11.7[17][21]3.2
Puerto Rico
11.1[17]0.400
Costa Rica09[22]0.405
Ecuador
08.05[23]1.2
Brazil
08.04[24]16.1
Colombia
07[25]03.3
Peru
3.1[26]1
Panama
05.1[22]0.166
Bolivia
03[27]0.318
Paraguay02[28]0.142
Haiti01[29]0.095
Central America and Caribbean
Belize
According to the 2010 census, about 15.5% of the population of Belize is not religious. This is an increase from 9.4% reported in the 2000 census, and is the second largest category in the country, with the first being Roman Catholicism.[30]
Costa Rica
Approximately 9% of the Costa Rican population is not religious (6% non-religious and 3% atheists).
Cuba
Estimates of the Cuban people without religion varies from 30% to 40%, the number of atheists also varies from 10% to 20%. Due to the influence of communism and Marxism-Leninism in the country, atheism has grown and is promoted in the population.[citation needed] Religious organizations are prohibited from promoting their faith to the population (at least not publicly).[citation needed]
Dominican Republic
Religiously unaffiliated people account for 18% of the public in the Dominican Republic.[31]
El Salvador
El Salvador is the least religious country in Central America and the Caribbean. This percentage is sizable: 24%. Of these, 13% are atheist and 11% are people without religion.
Guatemala
Main article: Irreligion in Guatemala
According to a series of public opinion surveys (mainly CBN and CID Gallup Poll), Guatemala has had a progressive advance of irreligion, from 11.1% in 1990 to 14.2% in 2001 and 18.3% in 2008. The percentage of atheists round by 10% and 8.3% is considered simply non-religious.
Haiti
In Haiti, 1% of the population are not religious.[32]
Honduras
In Honduras 23% is considered without religion (15% non-religious and 8% atheists)
Mexico
Main article: Irreligion in Mexico
According to a 2010 census by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), the percentage of non-religious is 8% (4.7% of atheists convinced) more than five million of non-religious people.[33] A survey question in 2006 by CID-Gallup 'Is religion important to you?' 20.5% said no, and almost 5% did not answer or said sometimes. According to an article in El Economista, 36% of Mexicans consider themselves irreligious (made up of 28% who consider themselves non-religious and 8% who are atheists) although in the same article it explains that 86% of Mexicans believe in God while 14% do not believe in what increases irreligion in Mexico to 42% conforming to 28% non-religious and 14% atheists.[6]
Nicaragua
Nicaragua has also experienced a decline in religious affiliation, according to the 1995 census, about 8.5% of Nicaraguans had no religion, although the 2005 census shows an increase to 15.7%, of which 9% is non-religious and 6.7% atheists.
Panama
About 5% of Panamanians are irreligious (3% non-religious and 2% atheists).
Puerto Rico
Irreligion in Puerto Rico is a new phenomenon, and has grown in recent years; about 11.1% of Puerto Ricans today have no religion (6% non-religious and 5.1% atheists).
South America
Argentina
A survey conducted in August 2019 (CEIL / CONICET) reports that 18.9% of Argentines are non-religious. It is observed that 81.9% believe in God and 18.1% do not. Gender, age, education level and geographical location have all been cited as variables for irreligion. Among men aged 18–29, those with better education and those from the most progressive, "modern" areas tend towards a lack of belief in God (83% and 89%).[15] A CID-Gallup poll affirms that in Argentina 16% of the population claims to be irreligious (8% non-religious and 8% atheists).
Bolivia
In Bolivia a large majority of the population is fanatically religious, of which only 3% of the population is atheist, agnostic or non-religious. A study of the city of Sucre estimated that 7% have no religion (the least religious area of the country).
Brazil
Main article: Irreligion in Brazil
Although in Brazil a large majority of the population is religious a demographic census in 2000 by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) said that 7.3% of the population is atheist, agnostic or non-religious (12 million). In 2010, the IBGE revealed that the increase to 8.3% (15 million),although the increase was only 1%, but in quantity amounted to three million increase.[34]
Chile
In Chile, the proportion of people who are religious fell from 92% in 1993 to 71% in 2013 (according to the Latinobarometro). In 1993 the percentage of agnostics or atheists was 8%, but in 2011 and 2013 had reached 29% (5 million people). Almost 17% of Chileans are atheist and 12% non-religious. In September 2011, a group of atheists founded the Atheist Society of Chile (In Spanish: Sociedad Atea de Chile).[10] According to Latinbarometer poll in 2017 Chile is the second most irreligious country in South America after Uruguay with 38% of the population not following any religion.[35]
Colombia
According to a national census of Colombia from 1997 to 2004, non-religious people increased from 2.2% to 7% and convinced atheists remain at 0.4%. Americas Barometer reveals little change for 2009, placing a 6.1% non-religious and atheists convinced 0.6%. In Colombian modern areas there are atheist organizations.
Ecuador
According to the National Statistics Institute of Ecuador in 2011, 8.05% of Ecuadorians are not religious (7.94% atheists and 0.11% agnostics). There are atheists and secular organizations in the capital (Quito).
Paraguay
According to the 2012 Pew Global Religious Landscape study, 1.1% of Paraguayans are religiously unaffiliated.[36]
Peru
Main article: Irreligion in Peru
According to the 2017 Peruvian Census data, 1180361 Peruvians or 5.1% of the population older than 12 years old describes themselves as being irreligious,[37] but some sources put this number higher at 8.2%.[38]
The irreligious population is predominantly urban (85,5% live in cities) and males (61,4% are male), and most are young people within the ages between 18 and 29 (40,4%). Only 11,8% of irreligious people are 50 years old or older.[37]
In a survey by WIN International, carried out with the support of Datum Internacional, 92% of Peruvians expressed their belief in God, while 72% said they considered themselves religious, 20% non-religious and only 3% declared themselves to be atheist.[39]
Uruguay
Main article: Irreligion in Uruguay
Uruguay is the most secularized nation in the Americas with the highest percentage of atheists and agnostics.[40] 17.2% atheist or agnostic according to Uruguayan census.[41] While according to the most recent official survey approximately 58.1% of Uruguayans define themselves as Christian,[42] Many Uruguayans nominally describe themselves as Roman Catholics but lifestyle is not affected by the religion.[43]
According to Kaufmann, E. (2010), between 29% to 53% (Endorsed by 47%) of Uruguayans are not religious, more than half are atheists and the other part is distributed between agnostics and non-religious,[4] according to a national census conducted in 2007, 40% of Uruguayans are not religious, 20% believe in God but do not belong to any religion, 17% are atheists or agnostics, and 3% didn't know answer.[44]
Irreligion in Uruguay is not a new phenomenon, although is growing considerably. Uruguay in religious and irreligious terms is similar to Europe, where modernization, economic growth, have brought atheism, since 1990, Uruguayans referred Easter Week as "Tourism Week". Uruguay is also the most democratic country in the region observed for its civic culture.
Venezuela
In Venezuela secularization has been influencing the country, this is due to the increasing modernization of the country and improvement of education, during the 20th century Venezuela was one of the most religious countries with a dominant Catholicism, although in the early twenty-first century Protestants, atheists, agnostics, among other religions have grown in the country, the most professional people (scientists, doctors, writers, etc.) are often less believers. According to a study by the University of Cambridge, 11.7% of Venezuelans are without religion (atheists 6% and 5.7% of non-religious), also a national study estimated that 6% of Venezuelans are agnostics and 2% atheists (in total of 8% of the population).
See also
References
  1. ^ "RELIGION AND ATHEISM" (PDF). Atheistalliance.org. Retrieved 2014-10-11.[dead link]
  2. ^ Adam Lee. "The Coming Atheist Demographic Tide". Big Think. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  3. ^ "A secular Latin America? - The Christian Century". The Christian Century. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Atheism to Defeat Religion By 2038". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  5. ^ "Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Amplidada - 2006" (PDF) (in Spanish). Ine.gub.uy. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-09-23. Retrieved 2013-09-07.
  6. ^ a b "¿Cuál es la situación de la religión y la fe en el mundo?". El Economista. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  7. ^ (in Spanish). El Economista https://www.eleconomista.com.mx/amp/internacionales/Cual-es-la-situacion-de-la-religion-y-la-fe-en-el-mundo-20170725-0112.html​. Retrieved March 21, 2021. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "Zuckerman, Phil. "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns", from the Cambridge Companion to Atheism, edited by Michael Martin, University of Cambridge Press, 2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 12, 2009.
  9. ^ "Religion In Cuba". Prolades.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  10. ^ a b "Disminuyen los católicos y crecen los agnósticos en Chile". La segunda online. Retrieved 2014-10-13.
  11. ^ Gallup, C. I. D. "CID Gallup". CID Gallup. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016.
  12. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report for 2014". U.S. State Department. 2015. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  13. ^ Religion in Honduras - CID Gallup Poll 2007US. State
  14. ^ "Table Of Statistics On Religion In The Americas" (PDF). Prolades.com. April 2001. Retrieved 2011-02-04. CID Gallup survey
  15. ^ a b Mallimaci, Fortunato; Esquivel, Juan Cruz; Irrazabal, Gabriela. "PRIMERA ENCUESTA SOBRE CREENCIAS Y ACTITUDES RELIGIOSAS EN ARGENTINA" (PDF). CEIL/CONICET. Archived from the original(PDF) on 2015-10-10. Retrieved 2014-10-13.
  16. ^ "2010 Report on International Religious Freedom – Dominican Republic". UNHCR. 17 November 2010. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
  17. ^ a b c Zuckerman, Phil (2007). "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns". The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-139-82739-3. Archived from the original on October 21, 2010. Retrieved January 20, 2011.
  18. ^ Clifton L. Holland (8 February 2009). "Public Opinion Polls on Religious Affiliation in Guatemala: 1990-2008" (PDF). prolades.com. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  19. ^ "2005 Nicaraguan Census" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics and Census of Nicaragua (in Spanish). pp. 42–43. Archived from the original(PDF) on 2006-11-29. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
  20. ^ Belize Population and Housing Census 2010: Country Report (PDF). Belmopan, Belize C.A.: Statistical Institute of Belize. 2013. p. 23. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 January 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
  21. ^ Jesús María Aguirre (June 2012). "Informe sociográfico sobre la religión en Venezuela" [Sociographic report on religion in Venezuela] (PDF) (in Spanish). gumilla.org. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  22. ^ a b "Table Of Statistics On Religion In The Americas". Prolades.com. April 2001. Retrieved 2011-02-04. CID Gallup survey
  23. ^ (in Spanish) El 80% de ecuatorianos es católico Archived 2016-05-27 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ IBGE - Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics). 2010 Census. Accessed 07.08.2012.
  25. ^ "Colombia". Vanderbilt.edu. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  26. ^ "Peru Seen As One Of World's Most Religious Countries". Peruvian Times. Retrieved 2014-10-13.
  27. ^ Alejandro Díaz‐Domínguez (2009). "Perspectivas desde el Barómetro de las Américas: 2009, No. 29" (PDF). americasbarometer.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2010.
  28. ^ "2002 census data". Dgeec.gov.py. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
  29. ^ "Haiti: People and Society". CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  30. ^ "Census report" (PDF). sib.org.bz. 2010. Retrieved 2019-07-23.
  31. ^ "Religion in Latin America - Pew Research Center". 13 November 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  32. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report for 2014: Haiti". US Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor. 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  33. ^ "Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010 – Cuestionario básico". INEGI. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  34. ^ "IBGE - Sala de imprensa - notícias". Ibge.gov.br. Archived from the original on 2012-10-09. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  35. ^ "Cifra de chilenos que se declaran católicos bajó de 73% a 45% en la última década". 24 Horas.
  36. ^ "The Global Religious Landscape" (PDF). assets.pewresearch.org. 2012. Retrieved 2019-07-23.
  37. ^ a b "Perú: Perfil Sociodemográfico - Informe Nacional" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. August 2018.
  38. ^ "La visita del Papa Francisco a nuestro país"(PDF). Compañía Peruana de Estudios de Mercados y Opinión Pública. February 2018. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
  39. ^ "3% of Peru identifies as atheist". Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  40. ^ "Atheism: Contemporary Rates and Patterns 1" (PDF). Pitzer.edu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-06-12. Retrieved 2012-10-01.
  41. ^ Michael Martin (30 October 2006). The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge University Press. p. 49. ISBN 978-1-139-82739-3. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  42. ^ "Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Amplidada - 2006" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics (in Spanish). INHA. Archived from the original(PDF) on 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2013-09-07.
  43. ^ Leslie Jermyn; Winnie Wong (2009). Uruguay. Marshall Cavendish. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-7614-4482-4. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  44. ^ "Uruguay Segment of 2010 International Religious Freedom Report". Archives.uruguay.usembassy.gov. Archived from the original on 2014-12-14. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
Last edited on 8 April 2021, at 22:08
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.
Privacy policy
Terms of Use
Desktop
HomeRandomNearbyLog inSettingsDonateAbout WikipediaDisclaimers
LanguageWatchEdit