Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa
Early life and Reign
Isa was born in Jasra to Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa and Mouza bint Hamad Al Khalifa (1933-2009), the daughter of Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
, and succeeded his father as emir upon his death in November 1961. He was installed in 16 December.
During his reign there was an arrangement between him and his brother, Sheikh Khalifa bin Salman
whereby the Emir was assigned a diplomatic and ceremonial role, while Khalifa controlled the government and economy as Prime Minister
Marriage and children
Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa had one wife, his cousin Sheikha Hessa bint Salman Al Khalifa
(1933–2009), daughter of Salman bin Ibrahim Al Khalifa. They married on 8 May 1949. They had five sons and four daughters:
- Hamad bin Isa (1950-) , current king
- Rashed bin Isa (-17 December 2011)
- Mohamed bin Isa, Commander of the National Guard (1997-2008)
- Abdullah bin Isa, Vice President of the Higher Committee for the Horseback riding club
- Ali bin Isa, Minister of the Royal Court Affairs (1955-)
- Munira bint Isa
- Maryam bint Isa
- Shaikha bint Isa
- Noura bint Isa
Legacy and death
During his 38 years as Emir, the economic transformation of Bahrain into a modern nation and a key financial center in the Persian Gulf
area took place. Nevertheless, critics note that he also dissolved Parliament, taking on absolute power.
US President Bill Clinton
expressed "deep sadness" at the news of the emir's death calling him "a good friend of peace." UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan
also expressed "great sadness," and described the emir as "a force for stability" in the region. He was buried at the Al-Rifa'a
- ^ Bernard Reich (1990). Political leaders of the contemporary Middle East and North Africa: a biographical dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 528. ISBN 978-0-313-26213-5. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- ^ "Chronology for Shi'is in Bahrain". UNHCR. 2004. Archived from the original on 14 September 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
- ^ Al Jimri, Mansoor (November 2010). "Shia and the State in Bahrain" (PDF). Alternative Politics (1). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- ^ a b Jehl, Douglas (7 March 1999). "Sheik Isa, 65, Emir of Bahrain Who Built Non-Oil Economy". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- ^ Wright, Stephen (June 2006). "Generational change" (PDF). Durham Middle East Papers. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- ^ "Democratic test ended". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Manama. AP. 28 August 1975. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- ^ a b Wright, Steven (2008). "Fixing the Kingdom: Political Evolution and Socio-Economic Challenges in Bahrain" (PDF). CIRS. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- ^ a b "Bahrain's ninth al Khalifa". BBC. 6 March 1999. Archived from the original on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- ^ "Boletín Oficial del Estado" (PDF). Archived(PDF) from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- ^ "1995 National Orders awards". INFO. 18 September 2012. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- ^ "Badraie". Badraie. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- ^ "Badraie". Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
Last edited on 13 May 2021, at 01:35
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.