en.m.wikipedia.org
Islam by country
Adherents of Islam constitute the world's second largest religious group. According to a study in 2015, Islam has 1.8 billion adherents, making up about 24.1% of the world population.[2] Most Muslims are either of two denominations: Sunni (87–90%, roughly 1.6 billion people)[3] or Shia (10–13%, roughly 180–230 million people).[4] Islam is the majority religion in several subregions: East Asia, South Asia, North Africa, the Sahel, and the Middle East.[5][6][7][8][9][10] The diverse Asia-Pacific region contains the highest number of Muslims in the world, easily surpassing the combined Middle East and North Africa.[11]
World Muslim population by percentage (2014 estimate)[1]
South Asia contains the largest population of Muslims in the world. One-third of Muslims are of South Asian origin.[12][13][14] Islam is the dominant religion in the Maldives, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. India is the country with the largest Muslim population outside Muslim-majority countries with about 185 million adherents.[15]
The various Hamito-Semitic, Arab, Berber, Turkic, and Iranic countries of the greater Middle East-North Africa (MENA) region,[16] where Islam is the dominant religion in every country other than Israel,[6] host 23% of the world's Muslims.
The country with the single largest population of Muslims is Indonesia in Southeast Asia, which on its own hosts 13% of the world's Muslims.[17] Together, the Muslims in the countries of Southeast Asia constitute the world's third-largest population of Muslims. In the countries of the Malay Archipelago, Muslims are majorities in each country other than the Philippines, Singapore, and East Timor.
About 15% of Muslims reside in Sub-Saharan Africa,[18][page needed][7][19] and sizeable Muslim communities are also found in the Americas, China, and Europe.[5]
Western Europe hosts many Muslim immigrant communities where Islam is the second-largest religion after Christianity, where it represents 6% of the total population or 24 million people.[20]
According to the Pew Research Center in 2010, there were 50 Muslim-majority countries.[21][22] Around 62% of the world's Muslims live in the Asia-Pacific region (from Turkey to Indonesia), with over one billion adherents.[23] The largest Muslim population in a country is in Indonesia, a country home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims, followed by Pakistan (11.1%), India (10.9%) and Bangladesh (9.2%).[5][24] About 20% of Muslims live in the Arab world.[25] In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Iran and Turkey are the largest Muslim-majority countries, while Egypt and Nigeria in Africa have the same status.[5][24] The study found more Muslims in the United Kingdom than in Lebanon and more in China than in Syria. The Indian state of Uttar Pradesh has more Muslims than any other Muslim-majority countries except Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Egypt, Iran and Turkey.[5]
Denominations
Main articles: Islamic denominations and History of Islam
Further information: Succession to Muhammad
Islam is divided into two major denominations, Sunni and Shi'a. Of the total Muslim population, 87–90% are Sunni and 10–13% are Shi'a. Most Shi'as (between 68% and 80%) live in mainly four countries: Iran, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, and Iraq.[26] Furthermore, there are concentrated Shi'a populations in Lebanon, Russia, Pakistan, and 10 sub-Saharan African countries. [27] The major surviving Imamah-Muslim Sects are Usulism (with nearly more than 10%), Nizari Ismailism (with nearly more than 1%) and Alevism (with slightly more than 0.5%[28] but less than 1%[29]). The other existing groups include Zaydi Shi'a of Yemen whose population is nearly more than 0.5% of the world's Muslim population, Musta’li Ismaili (with nearly 0.1%[30] whose Taiyabi adherents reside in Sindh and Gujarat in South Asia. There are also significant diaspora populations in Europe, North America, the Far East, and East Africa[31]), and Ibadis from the Kharijites whose population has diminished to a level below 0.15%.[32] (with nearly around 1%),​[33]​non-denominational Muslims, Quranist Muslims and Wahhabis (with nearly around 1–2%[34] of the world's total Muslim population) also exist.
A study from the Pew Research Center in 2012 found that many Muslims (one out of five in 22 Muslim majority countries) identify as non-denominational or "Just a Muslim".[27]This non-denominational affiliation is most common in Southern and Eastern Europe as well as Central Asia, with minority populations in Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. The study found that a median percentage of 74% of Muslims Kazakhstan, 65% in Albania, 64% in Kyrgyzstan, 56% Indonesia, 55% in Mali, and 40% in Cameroon identify this way.[27] However, it is much less common in parts of Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia. [27]
Countries
This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (August 2020)
Most of the percentages of Muslim populations of each country, if not stated otherwise, were taken from the study by the Pew Research Center report of 5 facts about the muslim population in Europe, 2017.[5][35]
Table
Country/RegionTotal PopulationMuslim PopulationMuslim percentage of total population (%)Percentage of world (%)Sources
 Afghanistan
37,135,00037,025,00099.72.0[36]
 Albania
3,057,2201,797,64558.80.1[37][38]
 Algeria
41,657,48841,240,91399.72.7[39]
 American Samoa50,826< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1[40]
 Andorra
85,7082,2282.6< 0.1[41][42]
 Angola
30,355,88090,0000.3< 0.1[43][44]
 Anguilla17,422< 1,0000.6< 0.1[45]
 Antigua and Barbuda
95,882< 1,0000.3< 0.1[46]
 Argentina44,694,198400,0000.9< 1[47][44]
 Armenia3,038,2173,0380.1< 0.1[48]
 Aruba
116,576< 1,0000.4< 0.1[49][50]
 Australia25,700,000666,0002.6< 0.1[51]
 Austria
9,000,000720,0008< 0.1[52][53]
 Azerbaijan10,046,5169,735,07496.90.5[54]
 Bahamas332,634< 1,0000.1< 0.1[55]
 Bahrain1,442,6591,063,23973.7< 0.1[56]
 Bangladesh170,000,000153,700,00090.49.2[57][58]
 Barbados
293,1314,3961.5< 0.1[59]
 Belarus9,527,54345,000–100,0000.5–1.0< 0.1[60][61][62]
 Belgium
11,570,762879,3777.6< 0.1[63][64]
 Belize385,854< 1,0000.2< 0.1[65][66]
 Benin
11,340,5043,141,31927.70.14[67]
 Bermuda71,176< 1,0001< 0.1[68]
 Bhutan
766,397≤ 2,0000.2< 0.1[69][70]
 Bolivia
11,306,3412,000< 0.1< 0.1[71][72]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina3,849,8911,955,08450.70.1[73]
 Botswana
2,249,1048,9960.4< 0.1[74][75]
 Brazil
210,000,00035,167–1,500,0000.02–0.7< 0.1[76][77]
 British Virgin Islands35,802< 1,0001.2< 0.1[78]
 Brunei450,565355,04580.9< 0.1[79]
 Bulgaria7,057,504861,01513.4< 0.1[80][81]
 Burkina Faso
19,742,71512,141,76961.50.6[82]
 Burma
55,622,5062,391,7674.30.1[83]
 Burundi11,844,5201,184,45210< 0.1[84][85]
 Cambodia
17,304,363190,3471.1< 0.1[86]
 Cameroon
25,640,9657,692,289300.4[87][88]
 Canada35,881,6591,148,2133.20.1[89]
 Cape Verde568,37311,3672< 0.1[90][91]
 Cayman Islands59,613< 1,0000.2< 0.1[92]
 Central African Republic
5,745,062861,75915< 0.1[93]
 Chad
15,833,1169,183,207580.4[94][91]
 Chile
17,925,2624,000< 0.1< 0.1[95][96]
 China
1,390,000,0006,255,000–50,000,0000.45–30.4 – 2.8[97][98][99][100][101]
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands596< 1,00080< 0.1[102][103]
 Colombia
48,168,99696,3370.2< 0.1[104][105]
 Comoros821,164807,20498.3< 0.1[106]
 DR Congo
85,281,02412,792,153100.1[107][108]
 Cook Islands9,038< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1[109]
 Costa Rica4,987,142< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1[110]
 Ivory Coast
26,260,58211,265,78942.90.5[111]
 Croatia4,270,48064,0571.5< 0.1[112]
 Cuba11,116,39611,1160.1< 0.1[113]
 Cyprus
1,100,000275,00025.3< 0.1[114]
 Czech Republic
10,686,26910,000–20,0000.1–0.2< 0.1[115][64]
 Denmark
5,809,502313,7135.4< 0.1[116][64]
 Djibouti
884,017857,496970.1[117][118]
 Dominica74,027< 1,0000.2< 0.1[119]
 Dominican Republic
10,298,7562,000< 0.1< 0.1[120][121]
 Ecuador
16,498,502< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1[122][123]
 Egypt
95,000,00085,000,000–90,000,00090–94.74.9[124][125]
 El Salvador6,187,2712,000< 0.1< 0.1[126][127]
 Equatorial Guinea
797,45779,74510< 0.1[128][129]
 Eritrea6,000,0002,160,000–3,100,00036–51.60.1[130][131][132]
 Estonia
1,244,2881,508< 0.1< 0.1[133]
 Ethiopia110,871,03134,702,63231.31.8[134]
 Faroe Islands
51,018< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1[135]
 Falkland Islands3,198< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1[136]
 Micronesia103,643< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1[137]
 Fiji926,27658,3556.3< 0.1[138]
 Finland5,537,364102,0001.8< 0.1[139][64]
 France
67,000,0005,720,0008.80.3[64]
 French Guiana
281,6122,4000.9< 0.1
 French Polynesia
290,373< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1[140]
 Gabon
2,119,036211,90310< 0.1[141][142]
 Gambia
2,092,7312,002,74395.70.1[143]
 Georgia
4,926,087527,09110.7< 0.1[144]
 Germany83,100,0005,300,000–5,600,0006.4–6.70.2[35][145][146]
 Ghana
28,102,4715,058,44417.60.2[147][91][148]
 Gibraltar29,4611,1504< 0.1[149][150]
 Greece
10,761,523215,230–613,4062–5.7< 0.1[151][64]
 Greenland
57,691< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1[152]
 Grenada112,207< 1,0000.3< 0.1[153]
 Guadeloupe
402,1192,0000.4< 0.1
 Guam167,772< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1[154]
 Guatemala16,581,2731,200< 0.1< 0.1[155][156]
 Guinea
11,855,41110,563,17189.10.5[157]
 Guinea-Bissau1,833,247826,79445.1< 0.1[158]
 Guyana740,68555,0007.3< 0.1[159]
 Haiti10,788,4405,000< 0.1< 0.1[160][161]
 Honduras9,182,76630,0000.3< 0.1[162]
 Hong Kong
7,213,338295,7464.1< 0.1[163][164]
 Hungary9,825,70440,000–60,0000.4–0.6< 0.1[64][165][166]
 Iceland
343,518< 1,0000.2< 0.1[167][168]
 India
1,370,000,000200,000,00014.610.9[169] [170]
 Indonesia
266,000,000231,000,00086.712.7[171]
 Iran83,000,00082,500,00099.44.6[172]
 Iraq
40,194,21638,465,86495.71.9[173]
 Ireland5,068,05070,9521.4< 0.1[174][64]
 Isle of Man89,407< 1,0000.2< 0.1[175]
 Israel
8,424,9041,516,482180.1[176][177]
 Italy
62,246,6742,987,8404.80.1[178][64]
 Jamaica2,812,0905,6240.2< 0.1[179][180]
 Japan
126,000,000185,0000.1< 0.1[181][182]
 Jordan10,458,41310,165,57797.20.4[183]
 Kazakhstan18,744,54813,158,67270.20.5[184]
 Kenya
48,397,5275,500,00011.20.2[185]
 Kiribati109,367< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1[186]
 Kosovo
1,907,5921,823,65795.60.1[187]
 Kuwait2,916,4672,175,68474.60.2[188]
 Kyrgyzstan5,849,2964,679,436800.3[189][190]
 Laos
7,234,1711,000< 0.1< 0.1[191][192]
 Latvia1,923,5592,0000.1-0.2< 0.1[193][194]
 Lebanon
6,100,0753,519,74357.70.2[195]
 Lesotho
1,962,4613,0000.1< 0.1[196]
 Liberia4,809,768961,95320< 0.1[197][198]
 Libya6,754,5076,551,871970.4[199][200]
 Liechtenstein38,0002,0505.4< 0.1[201]
 Lithuania2,793,2843,0000.1< 0.1[202][203]
 Luxembourg605,76418,1723< 0.1[204][205]
 Macau
606,340< 1,0000.1< 0.1[206][207]
 Madagascar
25,683,6102,568,36110< 0.1[208][209]
 Malawi
19,842,5603,968,512200.1[210][211]
 Malaysia31,809,66016,318,35561.31.1[212]
 Maldives
374,775374,775100< 0.1[213]
 Mali
18,429,89317,508,398950.8[214][91]
 Malta
449,04311,6752.6< 0.1[215][216]
 Marshall Islands75,684< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1[217]
 Martinique
385,551< 1,0000.2< 0.1
 Mauritania
3,845,4303,840,43099.90.2[218]
 Mauritius
1,364,283236,02017.3< 0.1[219]
 Mayotte
256,518253,43997< 0.1[220]
 Mexico127,000,0005,5000.01< 0.01[221][222]
 Moldova3,437,72015,0000.4< 0.1[223][224]
 Monaco
30,727< 1,0000.8< 0.1[225][226]
 Mongolia3,103,428150,0005< 0.1[227][228]
 Montenegro614,249122,84919.1< 0.1[229]
 Montserrat5,315< 1,0000.1< 0.1[230]
 Morocco
38,314,13037,930,989992.1[231]
 Mozambique
27,233,7893,830,06317.90.3[232][233]
 Namibia
2,413,6439,6540.4< 0.1
 Nauru10,084< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Nepal29,218,8671,292,9094.20.1[234]
 Netherlands
17,400,000887,0005.10.1[235]
 Netherlands Antilles
304,759< 1,0000.2< 0.1
 New Caledonia278,5007,0002.8< 0.1
 New Zealand4,903,80041,0000.9< 0.1
 Nicaragua6,284,7571,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Niger
21,466,86321,101,92698.31[236]
 Nigeria200,000,00095,000,000–103,000,00053.55.3[35][237]
 Niue1,611< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 North Korea25,610,6723,0000.1< 0.1
 North Macedonia2,118,945705,60833.3< 0.1[238]
 Northern Mariana Islands56,200< 1,0000.7< 0.1
 Norway
5,328,212175,5073.2< 0.1[239]
 Oman4,633,7522,427,000860.2[240]
 Pakistan
220,000,000212,300,00096.511.1[241][242]
 Palau17,900< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Palestine4,780,9784,298,00097.50.3
 Panama
4,158,78325,0000.7< 0.1
 Papua New Guinea
8,558,8002,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Paraguay7,052,9831,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Peru
31,237,385< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Philippines109,000,0005,450,000–12,000,0005–110.3 - 0.6[243][244]
 Poland38,430,0006,7960.02< 0.1[245]
 Portugal
10,291,02765,0000.4< 0.1
 Puerto Rico
3,337,1771,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Qatar2,450,2851,566,78677.50.1[246]
 Congo
5,399,895107,9972< 0.1[247]
 Réunion
865,82636,3644.2< 0.1[248]
 Romania
19,524,00073,000–200,0000.3–1.0< 0.1[249]
 Russia
144,350,000-146,750,00014,000,000-22,000,00010-151.7 [A][250][251]
 Rwanda
12,001,136576,0544.8< 0.1[252]
 Saint Helena4,534< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
46,204< 1,0000.3< 0.1
 Saint Lucia178,844< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
6,286< 1,0000.2< 0.1
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
109,5572,0001.7< 0.1
 Samoa199,052< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 San Marino
33,344< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 São Tomé and Príncipe199,9105,9313< 0.1[253]
 Saudi Arabia
34,220,00033,535,00098.21.8
 Senegal
15,726,03715,112,72196.10.8[254]
 Serbia
7,001,444221,4603.1< 0.1[255]
 Seychelles94,2051,0361.1< 0.1[256]
 Sierra Leone
7,719,7296,067,70678.60.3[257]
 Singapore
5,612,253721,000–842,11614.7< 0.1[258][259]
 Slovakia
5,443,12010,8660.1–0.2< 0.1[64]
 Slovenia2,066,88073,5683.6< 0.1[64]
 Solomon Islands667,044< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Somalia
11,000,00010,978,00099.80.6[260]
 South Africa
57,725,6001,050,0001.9< 0.1[261][262]
 South Korea
51,635,25675,0000.1< 0.1[44]
 South Sudan12,323,4192,464,68320< 0.1[263]
 Spain
46,659,3021,180,0002.60.1[64]
 Sri Lanka21,700,0002,105,0009.70.1[264]
 Sudan40,825,77039,585,777971.9[265]
 Suriname
600,00083,40013.9< 0.1[266]
 Swaziland
1,159,250129,23010< 0.1[267]
 Sweden10,182,291800,0008.1< 0.1[35][64]
 Switzerland
8,492,956440,0005.2< 0.1[268]
 Syria
18,000,00016,000,000871[269][270]
 Taiwan23,576,70560,0000.3< 0.1[271][272]
 Tajikistan9,540,0009,253,00097.90.4[273][274][275]
 Tanzania54,199,16319,426,81435.20.8[276]
 Thailand70,000,0003,000,0004.30.2[277]
 East Timor1,261,4071,0000.1< 0.1
 Togo7,352,0001,593,011200.1[278]
 Tokelau1,499< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Tonga100,651< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Trinidad and Tobago1,356,63378,0005.8< 0.1
 Tunisia11,446,30011,190,00099.80.6
 Turkey83,155,00074,423,72589.54.6[279][280]
 Turkmenistan6,031,1875,610,00093.70.3
 Turks and Caicos Islands37,910< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Tuvalu10,640< 1,0000.1< 0.1
 Uganda38,823,1005,435,234140.3[281]
 Ukraine42,263,873390,000–1,000,0000.9–2.5< 0.1[282][283]
 United Arab Emirates9,541,6157,251,627760.2[284][285]
 United Kingdom66,040,2294,130,0006.30.2[64]
 United States327,827,0003,450,0001.10.2[286]
 U.S. Virgin Islands104,914< 1,0000.1< 0.1
 Uruguay3,505,985< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Uzbekistan34,036,80029,920,00088.71.7[287]
 Vanuatu304,500< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Vatican City800000
 Venezuela31,304,016125,2160.4< 0.1[288]
 Vietnam96,160,16396,1600.1< 0.1[289]
 Wallis and Futuna
15,714< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1[290]
 Western Sahara603,253599,63399.4< 0.1[291][292]
 Yemen28,036,82927,784,49899.21.5[293][294]
 Zambia16,887,720168,8771< 0.1[91]
 Zimbabwe14,000,000100,0000.7< 0.1[295]
^ Including citizens of the Russian Federation, as well as immigrants and migrants who live in Russia
Continents
Table
RegionMuslimsMuslim percentage (%) of total populationPercentage (%) of World Muslim population
Asia1,200,000,00024.366.7
Central Asia54,000,000[296]81[297]3.0
South Asia600,000,000[298][299]31.4[300][301]30.6[12][302]
Southeast Asia240,000,000[303]4013.3
East Asia50,000,000[101]3.12.8
Middle East-North Africa315,322,000​[16]​–488,603,83891.227.1
Africa550,000,0004730.6
Sub-Saharan Africa283,302,39329.615.7
North America3,500,000–7,000,000​[304]1.0[305]0.4
South America791,0000.20.04
Europe44,138,0006.02.7
Oceania650,0001.60.04
World1,800,000,000[2]24.1100
Projected Demographic Changes
Main article: Muslim population growth
A Pew Research Study in 2015 found that the Muslim population was expected to grow twice as fast (70%) as the world population by 2060 (1.8 billion in 2015 to 3 billion by 2060). [2] This expected growth is much larger than any other religious group. [2] Muslims are likely to constitute roughly 25% of the world’s total population by 2030. [306]This expected growth is attributed to Muslim families generally having more children as well as the fact that the Muslim population has the youngest median age of any religion.[2] Furthermore, increased healthcare conditions in Muslim majority countries are currently increasing life expectancy and decreasing child mortality, which, if trends continue this way, will also contribute to the growth of the Muslim population more than any other religious group. [306]These trends are not for every region, however. In fact, Muslim population growth is expected to slow down in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East due to lower birth rates. [306]
The largest Muslim population growths are expected to be in the Middle East and Africa. [306] Furthermore, Pakistan is projected to be the country with the largest Muslim population. [306] Muslims are expected to grow to 8% (52.8 million) of the total population of Europe, and this growth is expected to be the largest in the western European countries. [306] Russia will have the largest total population of Muslims in Europe, however. [306] Most of these changes are expected to come from immigration. [306]
In the Americas, Canada’s Muslim population is expected to increase to 6.6% and United States' to 2% by 2030. [306] These increases, much like Europe, are expected to be driven mainly by immigration.[306]
See also
Islam:
Religions by country:
Religions by country
General
List of religious populations
References
  1. ^ "Religious Composition by Country, in Percentages'". Pew Research. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Why Muslims are the world's fastest-growing religious group". Pew Research Centre. April 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
  3. ^
  4. ^ See
    • "Shiʿi". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 4 October 2019. Retrieved 30 September 2019. In the early 21st century some 10–13 percent of the world’s 1.6 billion Muslims were Shiʿi.
    • "Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population". Pew Research Center. 7 October 2009. Retrieved 24 September 2013. The Pew Forum's estimate of the Shia population (10–13%) is in keeping with previous estimates, which generally have been in the range of 10–15%. Some previous estimates, however, have placed the number of Shias at nearly 20% of the world's Muslim population.
    • "Shia". Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs. Retrieved 5 December 2011. Shi'a Islam is the second largest branch of the tradition, with up to 200 million followers who comprise around 15% of all Muslims worldwide...
    • Jalil Roshandel (2011). Iran, Israel and the United States. Praeger Security International. p. 15. ISBN 9780313386985. The majority of the world's Islamic population, which is Sunni, accounts for over 75 percent of the Islamic population; the other 10 to 20 percent is Shia.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Muslim Population by Country". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Archived from the original on 9 February 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
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