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Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Sinai Province
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Sinai Province (ISIL-SP; Arabic: الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام – ولاية سيناء‎‎, ad-Dawlah al-Islāmiyah fī 'l-ʿIrāq wa-sh-Shām – Wilayah Sīnāʼ) [7] is a militant Islamist group active in the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt.
Sinai Province
ولاية سيناء (Wilayah Sayna)

Logo of Wilayat Sinai
LeadersAbu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Qurashi(Leader of ISIL)
Abu Hajar al-Hashemi (governor/wali)
Abu Osama al-Masri [1]
Ashraf Ali Hassanein Gharabali [2]
Dates of operation13 November 2014–present
HeadquartersSinai Peninsula
Active regionsEgypt
IdeologySalafi jihadism
Wahhabism
Size1,000–1,500 (2015)[3]
~1,000 (2018)[4]
Part of
 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
AlliesAnsar al-Sharia (Egypt)[citation needed]
Opponents
 Egypt
 Israel
 United States
 Palestine
Jund al-Islam
Battles and warsSinai insurgency
Gaza-Israel conflict
Designated as a terrorist group by Malaysia[5]
 Qatar[6]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant - Sinai province was known as Ansar Bait al-Maqdis (ABM) which has been part of the Sinai insurgency and has been especially active in the Sinai Peninsula since 2011 after the deterioration of security there, focusing its efforts on Israel and the Arab gas pipeline to Jordan. After former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi was deposed in the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état,[8] Egypt also began a crackdown on jihadist groups in Sinai and elsewhere.[9] ABM and other jihadist groups intensified their campaign of attacks on Egyptian security forces. On 13 November 2014, ABM dissolved it’s loyalty to Al-Qaeda and pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, (the leader of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant), also known as ISIL, and adopted the name Sinai Province (Wilayah Sīnāʼ) claiming to be a branch of ISIL.[3][10] Al-Baghdadi was killed in October 2019.
It was believed that Abu Osama al-Masri was leader of ISIL-SP from August 2016 until his death in June 2018, but not much other personal information is available.
In March 2021, it was reported that ISIL-SP leader, Salim Salma Said Mahmoud al-Hamadin, was killed during clashes with Egyptian and Bedouin forces near Al-Barth, south of Rafah.[11]
Background
During 2014, Ansar Bait al-Maqdis (ABM) sent emissaries to ISIL in Syria to seek financial support, weapons and tactical advice.[12] On 10 November 2014, many members of ABM took an oath of allegiance to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of ISIL.[13][14] It adopted the name Sinai Province and has since carried out attacks, mostly in North Sinai, but also in other parts of Egypt.[3] Security officials say militants based in Libya have established ties with Sinai Province.[15]
Attacks and other activities
Main article: Timeline of the Sinai insurgency
The group has killed hundreds of Egyptian security personnel, and has also been responsible for attacks on civilians, including the killing of Croatian engineer Tomislav Salopek,[16] on August 2015.
See also
References
  1. ^ "Islamic State's Egypt affiliate urges attacks on judges - recording". Reuters UK. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  2. ^ "Egypt says top terrorist in ISIS-linked group killed in shootout". CNN. CNN. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  3. ^ a b c "Sinai Province: Egypt's most dangerous group". BBC News. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  4. ^ "S/2018/705". undocs.org.
  5. ^​http://www.moha.gov.my/images/maklumat_bahagian/KK/kdndomestic.pdf
  6. ^ "Qatar releases first terror list despite ongoing embargo". xinhuanet.com.
  7. ^ "Designations of Foreign Terrorist Fighters". State.gov. 2015-09-29. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
  8. ^ "ISIL's International Expansion: What Does Ansar Bayt Al-Maqdis's Oath of Allegiance Mean? - Foundation for Defense of Democracies". defenddemocracy.org. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  9. ^ Visser, Steve. "ISIS leader killed in Sinai, Egypt says". Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Islamic State leader urges attacks in Saudi Arabia: speech". Reuters. 13 November 2014.
  11. ^ ISIS in Sinai leader killed in clash with Egyptian forces - report
  12. ^ Schmitt, Eric; Kirkpatrick, David D. (14 February 2015). "Islamic State Sprouting Limbs Beyond Its Base". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  13. ^ Kirkpatrick, David D. (10 November 2014). "Militant Group in Egypt Vows Loyalty to ISIS". New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  14. ^ Karim, Ammar; al-Atrush, Samer (10 November 2014). "Egypt jihadists vow loyalty to IS as Iraq probes leader's fate". Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 15 April 2019 – via Yahoo News.
  15. ^ Fahmy, Omar; Bayoumy, Yara (16 February 2015). "Egypt strikes back at Islamic State militants after beheading video, killing dozens". The Age. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  16. ^ Loveluck, Louisa (2015-08-12). "Isil claim to have beheaded Croatian hostage in Egypt". Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-08-29.
  17. ^ "Islamic State attack in Egypt's North Sinai kills more than 100". Reuters. 1 October 2015. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
  18. ^ "Jihadist Attacks on Egypt Grow Fiercer". The New York Times. 2015-07-01. Retrieved 2015-10-02.
  19. ^ "IS-linked Sinai terrorists claim latest rocket fire". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  20. ^ "Russian plane crash: Isil claims it 'brought down' airliner that crashed in Sinai with 224 people on board - latest news". The Telegraph (uk). Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  21. ^ "Russian plane black boxes point to 'attack', Putin halts flights". AFP. 6 November 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  22. ^ "Putin Says Sinai Plane Crash Was Caused by Terror Attack". Bloomberg L.P. 17 November 2015. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  23. ^ "Egypt police kill leading ISIL operative in Cairo - World Bulletin". World Bulletin. Retrieved 2015-11-10.
  24. ^ "PressTV-Egypt police kill top Daesh operative". www.presstv.ir. Retrieved 2015-11-10.
  25. ^ "Egypt kills top Islamic State operative in Cairo, says interior ministry". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-10.
  26. ^ "IS-linked militants claim attack on Sinai pipeline to Jordan". Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  27. ^ "IS in Sinai: We are nearing Israel border, IAF attacking us". timesofisrael.com.
  28. ^ Shidlovsky, Nuphar. "ISIS in Sinai". Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  29. ^ Arab, The New. "IS affiliate releases footage of 'religious policing' in Sinai". alaraby. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
  30. ^ "Egypt says air raids kill 19 ISIL fighters in Sinai". aljazeera.com. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  31. ^ Walsh, Declan; Youssef, Nour (2017-11-24). "Militants Kill 305 at Sufi Mosque in Egypt's Deadliest Terrorist Attack". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-12-24.
  32. ^ "Islamic State claims air base attack in Egypt's North Sinai". Reuters. 20 December 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-24.
  33. ^ "WRAP-UP: Egypt witnesses sad Friday after Mar Mina church attack". egypttoday.com. Retrieved 2018-01-03.
  34. ^ "Gunman kills 11 in attacks on Coptic church, Christian-owned shop in E". Reuters. 30 December 2017. Retrieved 2018-01-03.
External links
Michael Shkolnik, From Marriage of Convenience to Bitter Divorce: The Unraveling Ties Between Hamas and the Islamic State's Sinai Affiliate, January 22, 2018
Last edited on 11 May 2021, at 13:21
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