, Egyptian Arabic: [lesmæʕiˈlejjæ]
) is a city in north-eastern Egypt
. Known in Egypt as "The City of Beauty and Enchantment"
Ismailia is situated on the west bank of the Suez Canal
, it is the capital of the Ismailia Governorate
. The city has a population of 366,669 as of 2012 (or approximately 750,000, including surrounding rural areas). It is located approximately halfway between Port Said
to the north and Suez
to the south. The Canal widens at that point to include Lake Timsah
, one of the Bitter Lakes
linked by the Canal.
Ismalaïlia, ca. 1870
Indian troops lined up in front of Ismalia Train Station, 1915.
Postcard of the Suez Canal Company
The head office of the Suez Canal Authority
is located in Ismailia at the shore of Lake Timsah. It has a large number of buildings dating from British and French involvement with the Canal. Most of these buildings are currently used by Canal employees and officials.
Government and politics
The Muslim Brotherhood
was founded in Ismailia by Hassan al-Banna
in March 1928. An underground paramilitary wing was established in the 1940s, primarily to fight British occupation forces. In the early 1950s, Ismailia hosted the British Military HQ and the Civilian Administration Centre of the Canal Zone. British suppression of an uprising by rebellious Egyptian police there on 25 January 1952 was a key event leading to the overthrow of King Farouk I
later that year and the Egyptian Revolution that followed. British forces pulled out of Ismailia in 1954.
The Eastern Catholic Eparchy
Suffragan Eparchs (Bishops of Ismayliah)
- Athanasios Abadir (17 December 1982 – 25 December 1992, his death), previously Titular Bishop of Appia and Patriarchal Vicar of Alexandria of the Copts (Egypt) (18 May 1976 – 17 December 1982)
- Youhannes Ezzat Zakaria Badir (23 November 1992 – 23 June 1994), later Eparch (Bishop) of Luqsor of the Copts (Egypt) (23 June 1994 – 27 December 2015, his death)
- Makarios Tewfik (23 June 1994 – 29 June 2019, resigned)
- Daniel Lotfy Khella (29 June 2019 – present)
Ismailia has several public and private schools. They face the same educational problems that schools all around Egypt face.[vague]
Private tutoring is widely accessible and is almost an unofficial requirement for all students. Two international schools, Manar Language School
and Educational Language Complex School (E.L.C) offer American Diploma
Ismailia is the home of the Suez Canal University
, established in 1976 with the help of the Chinese Government to serve the region of Suez Canal and Sinai. Suez Canal University now is one of the fastest growing educational institutions in Egypt with many students studying abroad.
Culture and recreation
Virgin Mary Church known as "Guardian of the Canal", is one of many examples of French architecture in Ismailia
Ismailia hosts two important festivals each year. The first is the International Film Festival for Documentaries and Shorts that is held in June.
In June 2014, the 17th consecutive festival was organized. The second is the Ismailia International Folklore Arts Festival that is held in September. In this festival folkloric troupes from all around the globe meet in Ismailia, where they perform folkloric dances representing the culture of their countries.
A major attraction is the Ismailia Museum which was built in 1932. Visitors will find a variety of significant archaeological finds especially from sites in the Ismailia governorate such as Tell el-Maskhuta, from North Sinai, and from Upper Egypt.
Ismailia does get tourists from within Egypt, but is not a major tourism destination for international tourists. The city is approximately a ninety-minute automobile drive from Cairo
. From Ismailia it is approximately a four-hour drive to Sharm el-Sheikh
in South Sinai
. Driving to the Taba Border Crossing
and the Rafah Border Crossing
are both approximately four-hour drives. The city is also infamous for sidewalks painted in yellow and blue after the original kit colour of Ismaily Sports Club, the local sports team of the governorate
Ismailia owns the third most successful club in Egypt in the field of Football, Ismaily SC
. The club's performance is considered a major political issue, and can tend to dictate the city's mood. The team enjoys brief stints of competition for local and international competition, but its financial situation prevents these stints from extending beyond a few years. The team has won the Egyptian League
three times (1967, 1991, 2002), the Egyptian Cup
twice (1997, 2000), and the African Champions League once (1969) as a first Egyptian Arab Club team won this league.
The hottest recorded temperature was 47 °C (117 °F) on 14 June 1944 while the coldest recorded temperature was 0.2 °C (32.4 °F) in January.
Ismailia's railway station
- Louis Chedid, French singer and songwriter, son of writer Andrée Chedid and father of Matthieu Chedid was born in Ismailia on 1 January 1948
- Claude François, French pop singer and songwriter, born in Ismailia on 1 February 1939
- Ali Gabr, footballer
- Ragaa Al Geddawy (1934–2020), film actress, model and niece of Taheyya Kariokka
- Ahmed Hegazy, footballer
- Taheyya Kariokka, Egyptian belly dancer and film actress, born in Ismailia on 22 February 1919
- Osman Ahmed Osman, influential Egyptian engineer, contractor, entrepreneur, and politician, born in Ismailia on 6 April 1917
- ^ "Photo: The Lake,Ismailia,Egypt,The City of Beauty and Enchantment,Africa,c1935". oldphotobank.
- ^ Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Robert Lorimer
- ^ "Ismailia Film Festival 21st version (2019)edition to be from 10 April to 16 April 2019". Ismailia Film Festival. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- ^ "Ismailia". Egypt State Information Service. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- ^ "Dabaa Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
- ^ "Ismailia, Egypt: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". Climate Charts. Archived from the original on 25 February 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
- ^ "Ismailia, Egypt". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
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Last edited on 5 June 2021, at 01:41
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