The Jordan–Syria border
is 362 km (225 m) in length and runs from the tripoint
in the west to the tripoint with Iraq
in the east.
Map of the Jordan-Syria border
The border starts in the west at the tripoint with Israel, though the precise location of the tripoint is it at present unclear owing to the Israeli occupation of the Golan Heights
, which are claimed by Syria. The de jure
tripoint lies immediately east of the Israeli town of Sha'ar HaGolan
, whereas the de facto
tripoint lies at the border's junction with the United Nations UNDOF Zone
south-east of Metzar
In the period 1920-23 France and Britain signed a series of agreements, collectively known as the Paulet–Newcombe Agreement
, which created the modern Jordan-Syria and Iraq–Syria borders
, as an amendment to what had been designated the A zone
in the Sykes–Picot Agreement.
A more detailed description of the Jordan–Syria border was agreed upon on 31 October 1931.
In 1967 Israel occupied the Golan Heights following the Six Day War
, thereby bringing the westernmost section of the border under their control.
There have been a number of incidents
along the frontier since the start of the Syrian Civil War
Settlements near the border
Border crossing between Jordan and Syria
- ^ CIA World Factbook –Syria, retrieved 3 April 2020
- ^ a b c d International Boundary Study No. 94 –Jordan-Syria Boundary (PDF), 30 December 1969, retrieved 3 April 2020
- ^ Salibi, Kamal (1998). The Modern History of Jordan. I.B.Tauris. pp. 10, 30, 31, 49, 104. ISBN 978-1-86064-331-6. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
- ^ Browne, O'Brien (10 August 2010). "Creating Chaos: Lawrence of Arabia and the 1916 Arab Revolt". HistoryNet, LLC. Archived from the original on 13 October 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
- ^ League of Nations Official Journal, Nov. 1922, pp. 1188–1189, 1390–1391.
- ^ V. M. Amadouny (1995). "The Formation of the Transjordan-Syria Boundary, 1915-32". Middle Eastern Studies. Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 31 (3): 533–549. doi:10.1080/00263209508701068. JSTOR 4283741.
- ^ Kakish, Daniel Moneef (2014). The Invention of the Transjordanian-Syrian Border: 1915-1932 (Thesis). hdl:10211.3/115511.
- ^ Marshall, Edgar S. Israel: current issues and historical background, Nova Publishers, 2002. pg. 34. ISBN 1-59033-325-X.
- ^ "Jordan declares Syria and Iraq borders closed military zones". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-06-23.
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-16. Retrieved 2017-02-25.
- ^ "Transport in Syria". Lonely Planet. Archived from the original on 16 December 2008. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
Last edited on 25 January 2021, at 01:30
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