History and profile
Cover of October 4, 1924 issue
The first printing of Judge
was on October 29, 1881, during the Long Depression
. It was 16 pages long and printed on quarto paper
. While it did well initially, it soon had trouble competing with Puck
. William J. Arkell purchased the magazine in the middle 1880s. Arkell used his considerable wealth to persuade the cartoonists Eugene Zimmerman
("Zim") and Bernhard Gillam
to leave Puck
. A supporter of the Republican Party, Arkell persuaded his cartoonists to attack the Democratic administration of Grover Cleveland
. With G.O.P. aid, Judge
boomed during the '80s and '90s, surpassing its rival publication in content and circulation. By the early 1890s, the circulation of the magazine reached 50,000.
Under the editorial leadership of Isaac Gregory, (1886–1901), Judge
allied with the Republican Party
and supported the candidacy of William McKinley
largely through the cartoons of cartoonists Victor Gillam
and Grant E. Hamilton
. Circulation for Judge
was about 85,000 in the 1890s. By the 1900s, the magazine had become successful, reaching a circulation of 100,000 by 1912.Edward Anthony
was an editor in the early 1920s. Anthony was later co-author of Frank Buck
's first two books, Bring 'em Back Alive
and Wild Cargo
was an editor of Judge
between April 5 and August 2, 1924. He used the experience on the magazine to start his own in 1925, The New Yorker
The success of The New Yorker
, as well as the Great Depression
, put pressure on Judge.
It became a monthly in 1932 and ceased circulation in 1947.
was resurrected in October 1953 as a 32-page weekly. David N. Laux was President and Publisher with Mabel Search as editorial director and Al Catalano as art director. Contributors included Arthur L. Lippman
and Victor Lasky
. There were sections with light essays on sport, golf, horse racing, radio, theater, television, bridge and current books, along with submissions from college magazines, a crossword puzzle, single-panel cartoons
and humorous pieces. There were several political sections; one-liners, cartoons and longer essays with mostly a conservative bent, in a style foreshadowing Emmett Tyrrell
of today's The American Spectator
A collection of Judge
cartoons dating from 1887–1900 is maintained by the Special Collections Reference Center of The George Washington University
. The collection is located in GW's Estelle and Melvin Gelman Library
and is open to researchers.
"To begin with, 'I'll paint the town red", by Grant E. Hamilton
, The Judge
vol. 7, 31 January 1885.
Midsummer number, 2 Aug 1890
Personification of Judge magazine on the cover of the 15 Jul 1893 issue
An 1899 cover of Judge
magazine showing a cartoon of U.S. President William McKinley
1914 cover - "What is the answer?"
1918 cover featuring a political cartoon about World War I
Christmas number, 20 Dec 1924
1925 "Evolution Number" covering the Scopes Trial
; the cover depicts William Jennings Bryan
- ^ "Judge Magazine Illustration Collection"(PDF). Delaware Art Museum. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
- ^ Yagoda, Ben (2000). About Town: The New Yorker and the World It Made. Scribner. pp. 34–35. ISBN 0-684-81605-9.
- ^ Guide to the Samuel Halperin Puck and Judge Cartoon Collection, Special Collections Research Center, Estelle and Melvin Gelman Library, The George Washington University
Last edited on 17 January 2021, at 16:41
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