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Juncker Commission
The Juncker Commission was the European Commission in office from 1 November 2014 to 30 November 2019. Its president was Jean-Claude Juncker, who presided over 27 other commissioners (one from each of the states composing the European Union, except Luxembourg, which is Juncker's state). In July 2014, Juncker was officially elected to succeed José Manuel Barroso, who completed his second five-year term in that year.[1]
Juncker Commission

6th Commission of the European Union
Date formed1 November 2014
Date dissolved30 November 2019
People and organisations
Head of CommissionPresident
Jean-Claude Juncker
Deputy Head of CommissionFirst Vice President
Frans Timmermans
No. of commissioners26
Commissioners removed
(Death/resignation/dismissal)
4
Total no. of commissioners30
Member parties
History
Election(s)2014 European Parliament election
PredecessorBarroso Commission
SuccessorVon der Leyen Commission
Jean-Claude Juncker delivering a speech at the election congress of the EPP in March 2014
Election
See also: European Commission § Appointment, and Jean-Claude Juncker § Commission presidency
Juncker's campaign bus used for the 2014 European Parliament election
In the 2014 parliamentary election, Juncker campaigned as the candidate of the European People's Party (EPP) for the presidency of the European Commission.[2] The EPP won a plurality in parliament, and on 27 June, the European Council nominated him for the post. Later on 15 July 2014, the European Parliament elected Juncker as the new Commission president.[3][4][5] On 22 October, the European Parliament approved the Juncker Commission in its entirety and during the 23–24 October 2014 meeting of the European Council the Council formally appointed the new Commission.[6][7] On 1 November 2014, the new Commission officially assumed office.[8][9] Juncker has outlined a ten-point agenda for his Presidency focusing on jobs and growth.[10]
Commissioners
The following college of commissioners serves under Juncker's presidency:[11][12][13]
Parties
  European People's Party (14)  Party of European Socialists (7)  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (4)  None (1)
Juncker Commission
Confirmation by the European Parliament on October 22, 2014Appointment by the European Council on October 23, 2014
PortfolioDesigneePortfolioDesigneePortfolioDesignee
President

Nomination June 27, 2014
Elected July 15, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Prime Minister
Jean-Claude Juncker
of Luxembourg
(EPPCSV)
First Vice-President
Better Regulation, Inter-Institutional Relations, Rule of Law and Charter of Fundamental Rights

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Minister of Foreign Affairs
Frans Timmermans
of the
Netherlands
(PESPvdA)
Vice-President
and
High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Minister of Foreign Affairs
Federica Mogherini
of
Italy
(PESPD)
Vice-President
Energy Union

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former European Commissioner
Maroš Šefčovič
of
Slovakia
Vice-President
Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Prime Minister
Jyrki Katainen
of Finland
(EPPKOK)
Vice-President
Euro and Social Dialogue and Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Prime Minister
Valdis Dombrovskis
of Latvia
European Commissioner
Justice and Consumers

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Minister of Development
Věra Jourová
of
Czech Republic
(ALDEANO)
European Commissioner
Digital Economy and Society

Announced May 10, 2017
Took office July 7, 2017

Former MEP
Mariya Gabriel
of Bulgaria
(EPPGERB)
European Commissioner
Budget and Human Resources

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Minister President
Günther Oettinger
of Germany
(EPPCDU)
European Commissioner
Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Minister of Finance
Pierre Moscovici
of
France
(PESPS)
European Commissioner
Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former MEP
Marianne Thyssen
of
Belgium
(EPPCD&V)
European Commissioner
European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former European Commissioner
Johannes Hahn
of
Austria
(EPPÖVP)
European Commissioner
Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Minister of Foreign Affairs
Dimitris Avramopoulos
of
Greece
(EPPND)
European Commissioner
Health and Food Safety

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Minister of Health
Vytenis Andriukaitis
of Lithuania(PESSDP)
European Commissioner
Security Union

Confirmation September 15, 2016
Took office September 19, 2016

Former Ambassador
Julian King
of United Kingdom
(None)
European Commissioner
Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Deputy Prime Minister
Elżbieta Bieńkowska
of Poland
(EPPPO)
European Commissioner
Climate Action and Energy

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Minister of Agriculture
Miguel Arias Cañete
of
Spain
(EPPPP)
European Commissioner
International Cooperation and Development

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Deputy Prime Minister
Neven Mimica
of Croatia
(PESSDP)
European Commissioner
Competition

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Deputy Prime Minister
Margrethe Vestager
of
Denmark
(ALDERV)
European Commissioner
Transport

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Deputy Prime Minister
Violeta Bulc
of Slovenia
(ALDESMC)
European Commissioner
Trade

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Minister of EU Affairs
Cecilia Malmström
of Sweden
(ALDEL)
European Commissioner
Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Minister of Tourism
Karmenu Vella
of
Malta
(PESPL)
European Commissioner
Education, Culture, Youth and Sport

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Deputy Prime Minister
Tibor Navracsics
of Hungary
European Commissioner
Research, Science and Innovation

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Under-Secretary of State
Carlos Moedas
of
Portugal
(EPPPSD)
European Commissioner
Agriculture and Rural Development

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former Minister of Environment
Phil Hogan
of Ireland
(EPPFG)
European Commissioner
Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management

Confirmation October 22, 2014
Took office November 1, 2014

Former MEP
Christos Stylianides
of
Cyprus
(EPPDISY)
Former members
NomineePortraitPortfolioStateParty
Andrus Ansip[14]
Digital Single Market (Vice President)
Estonia
ALDE
National: ERP
Corina Crețu[15]
Regional Policy
Romania
PES (Before 2019)
National: PSD (Before 2019)
EDP (2019)
National: PRO (2019)
Jonathan Hill[16]
Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets UnionUnited KingdomAECR
National: Conservative
Kristalina Georgieva[17]
Budget and Human Resources (Vice President)BulgariaEPP
National: GERB
President's cabinet
The President's cabinet supports the President of the commission, and thus has a very central role in coordinating the work of the European Commission as a whole. The president's cabinet is led by Clara Martinez Alberola. Formerly, it was led by Martin Selmayr, who has been described as "the most powerful EU chief of staff ever."[18]
Project teams
Juncker has for the first time proposed a commission that clusters certain members together under designated policy areas. These clusters are known as "Project Teams" and will each be headed by one of the vice presidents.[19] Each team is composed of a core membership in addition to members who may fall under its respective umbrella as needed.[20] Timmermans and Georgieva both oversee all commissioners while the remaining five project teams are as follows:
A Connected Digital Single Market
Vice President: Andrus Ansip (Digital Single Market)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Vytenis Andriukaitis (Health and Food Safety)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)
A Deeper and Fairer Economic and Monetary Union
Vice President: Valdis Dombrovskis (Euro and Social Dialogue)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
A New Boost for Jobs, Growth and Investment
Vice President: Jyrki Katainen (Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Jonathan Hill/Valdis Dombrovskis (Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Vytenis Andriukaitis (Health and Food Safety)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Tibor Navracsics (Education, Culture, Youth and Sport)
Karmenu Vella (Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)
A Resilient Energy Union with a Forward-Looking Climate Change Policy
Vice President: Maroš Šefčovič (Energy Union)
Elżbieta Bieńkowska (Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Corina Crețu (Regional Policy)
Phil Hogan (Agriculture and Rural Development)
Karmenu Vella (Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries)
Carlos Moedas (Research, Science and Innovation)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Günther Oettinger (Digital Economy and Society)
Pierre Moscovici (Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs)
Marianne Thyssen (Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility)
Margrethe Vestager (Competition)
A Stronger Global Actor
Vice President: Federica Mogherini (Foreign Affairs and Security Policy)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Cecilia Malmström (Trade)
Neven Mimica (International Cooperation and Development)
Christos Stylianides (Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Miguel Arias Cañete (Climate Action and Energy)
Violeta Bulc (Transport)
A European Agenda on Migration
In 2015, when European migrant crisis unfolded, new project team was formed.[21]
First Vice President: Frans Timmermans (Better Regulation, Interinstitutional Relations, the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights)
Federica Mogherini (Foreign Affairs and Security Policy)
Dimitris Avramopoulos (Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship)
Johannes Hahn (European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations)
Neven Mimica (International Cooperation and Development)
Christos Stylianides (Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management)
Věra Jourová (Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality)
Julian King (Security Union)[22]
References
  1. ^ Barroso names new EU commission team. Euronews. Retrieved 27 November 2009.
  2. ^ "Jean-Claude Juncker: Experience. Solidarity. Future". European People's Party.
  3. ^ Parliament elects ‘politically ecumenical’ Juncker as Commission President EurActiv
  4. ^ Blow to Cameron as centrist MEPs back Juncker for European commission job The Guardian
  5. ^ Baker, Luke (2014-06-23). "Battle over Juncker underlines EU parliament's 'adulthood' | Reuters". Uk.reuters.com. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  6. ^ "EUROPEAN COUNCIL DECISION appointing the European Commission" (PDF). European Council. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  7. ^ "European Council (23 and 24 October 2014) ‒ Conclusions" (PDF). European Council. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  8. ^ "The new European Commission – Parliament elects new European Commission". European Parliament. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  9. ^ "Juncker Commission takes office". European Commission. 1 November 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  10. ^ Jean-Claude Juncker: My Agenda for Jobs, Growth, Fairness and Democratic Change The Parliament Magazine
  11. ^ Cerulus, Laurens (July 10, 2014). "Juncker wants more women in new Commission team".
  12. ^ "Poland, Italy nominations leave Juncker needing four more commissioners". Euractiv.com. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  13. ^ EU Commission College Archived 2014-09-13 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Ansip served until 1 July 2019.
  15. ^ Crețu served until 1 July 2019.
  16. ^ Hill served until 15 July 2016.
  17. ^ Georgieva served until 31 December 2016.
  18. ^ HERSZENHORN, DAVID M. (17 Nov 2016). "'Monster' at the Berlaymont". Politico. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  19. ^ Vice-presidents to lead teams of commissioners
  20. ^ The new structure of the Juncker Commission
  21. ^ Juncker Commission. One year on
  22. ^ President Juncker consults the European Parliament on Sir Julian King as Commissioner for the Security Union
External links
Last edited on 5 July 2021, at 12:35
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