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Junker (Russia)
"Junker school" redirects here. For the officer training facilities of the Nazi German SS, see SS-Junker Schools.
Junker (Russian: юнкер (yunker), has several meanings in Imperial Russia. The Russian substantive Yunker is derived from the German noun Junker, where it means "young lord".
Yunker - rank insignia 1874-1903
shoulder board
Yunker Kravtsov (1914)
Junker schools
Junker schools in Russia were introduced in 1864. They were usually located next to districtheadquarters in a given region. Junker schools prepared low-rank military for officer rank. In 1900, the Russian government established junker infantry schools in Moscow and Kiev, and in 1902 a junker cavalry school in Yelizavetgrad. In 1901, the government transformed all former district junker schools into seven infantry schools (St.Petersburg, Vilna, Tiflis, Odessa, Kazan, Chuguyev, Irkutsk), one cavalry school (Tver) and three Cossack schools (Novocherkassk, Stavropol, Orenburg).[1]
Every junker school had a three-year program. In order to enroll into a junker school, a student had to attend a gymnasium or cadet corps for six years or pass a corresponding exam.
See also
References
^ This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Юнкерские училища" . Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian). 1906.
Last edited on 21 May 2021, at 20:15
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