The area of Kearny Township, created in 1867, had been part of the original Crown Grant of 30,000 acres (120 km2
) obtained by Major William Sandford of Barbados
on July 4, 1668. Major Sandford named it New Barbadoes Neck
after his old home.
As was the custom of the time, the Major paid 20 pounds sterling
to Chief Tantaqua of the Hackensack tribe
for all their reserve rights and titles.
Sanford's friend Major Nathaniel Kingsland acquired the property in 1708 and sold the upper western tract of the Grant for 300 pounds sterling to Captain Arent Schuyler
two years later. The new purchase included present-day Kearny, North Arlington
Shortly after Schuyler's purchase of his new homestead, a peculiar green stone was uncovered. It was sent to England for analysis and he learned that it contained 80% copper. His opening of a copper mine
brought the first steam engine to America from England; it was used to pump out the deep mine shaft. The engine was secretly delivered by its engineer, Josiah Hornblower
. The engine and mines were destroyed by fire in 1772 and remained idle for some years.
Schuyler Mansion played a role during the American Revolutionary War
Era. When Lord Howe of England took possession of New York Harbor
, the proximity of Schuyler Mansion drew many of his officers. They generally traveled over a road that today is referred to as the Belleville Turnpike
, which was originally constructed in 1759 using cedar logs from the nearby swamps.
During September 1777, General Henry Clinton
, head of the British Expeditionary Forces in America, selected Schuyler Mansion for his headquarters during one of his more important raiding operations which included the famed Battle of Second River. The Mansion stood until 1924, a period of 214 years, when it was torn down by a land development company, despite the company's offers to transfer the land to an organization that would be able to pay to maintain the property.
Knox Presbyterian Church
In the middle 19th century, Kearny was the upper, or northern, section of the Township of Harrison. A prominent citizen and resident of the upper section, General N. M. Halsted, felt it was impossible under these political conditions for his section to obtain proper recognition. He engaged an energetic campaign for an independent township. He succeeded when the NJ Legislature of 1867 on March 14, adopted "an act creating the Township of Kearny". The town was named to honor Major General Philip Kearny
, Commander of the New Jersey Forces in the Civil War and the owner of the mansion known as Belle Grove
), locally called "Kearny Castle".
On April 8, 1867, the first election of town officers was held. General N. M. Halsted was elected Chairman. The first official seat of Government was three rooms in the old Lodi Hotel, on the northeast corner of Schuyler and Harrison Avenues.
In the early 1870s, Kearny erected its first Town Hall, on the corner of Kearny and Woodland Avenues, the present site of the Knox Presbyterian Church Parish Hall. This served as a Town Hall, Court House, and Schoolhouse. The Minute Book of the Township states on August 16, 1870, the first step toward establishing Kearny's present public school system was taken. The first schoolhouse was housed in the Town Hall built at Kearny and Woodland Avenues in 1873.
Highland Hose No. 4
The town's nickname, "Soccer Town, U.S.A." is derived from a soccer tradition that originated in the mid-1870s, when thousands of Scottish and Irish immigrants settled in the town, after two Scottish companies, Clark Thread Company
and Nairn Linoleum, opened two local mills and a factory.
When the town's growth demanded larger quarters, the present Kearny Town Hall, built of Indiana limestone, was erected in 1909.
In 1876, the Mile End Thread Mills started operating, giving employment to several hundred operators.
In 1883, the Marshall Flax Spinning Company of England erected a large plant in Kearny, known as the Linen Thread Company. Their need for experienced flax spinners brought an influx of workers from other sections of the British Isles
. Families of those early textile workers were the nucleus of Kearny's present population.
The Puraline Manufacturing Company, later called the Arlington Company, which became a subsidiary of E. I. DuPont de Nemours Company
, had purchased a large tract of land east of the Arlington Station on the Erie Railroad extending well out, north of the railroad embankment, into the meadowland.
In 1887, Sir Michael Nairn established the Nairn Linoleum
Company of Kirkcaldy
in Scotland, now the Congoleum Nairn Company of Kearny, giving further impetus to local industrial growth. This also led to the growth in the Scottish American
population which in the 1960s was about 21,000, accounting for more than half of the town's residents.
In 1902, the Lovell–Dressel Company, manufacturers of marine and railway lamps and fixtures, located in Kearny adjacent to the Erie Railroad
Other industries which located in Kearny include: Swift & Company
, Koppers Company, Theobald Industries, Standard Tool & Manufacturing
, Wilkata Box Company, Harris Steel Company and L & R Manufacturing. Between 1926 and 1986, the Kearny Works of Western Electric
employed as many as 24,000 in producing a variety of hardware and supplies for the Bell System
and was the home of the "Kearny Standard" for tools and equipment, and was sold by AT&T in 1984 by which time the plant had 4,000 employees who earned a total of $128 million a year, making it one of the county's largest employers.
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. (March 2012)
According to the United States Census Bureau
, the town had a total area of 10.27 square miles (26.61 km2
), including 8.84 square miles (22.91 km2
) of land and 1.43 square miles (3.70 km2
) of water (13.91%).
The town is varied in topography and roughly divided into three parts: the Kearny Uplands
, the Kearny Meadows
and South Kearny
, which is located where the Hackensack and Passaic rivers meet.
Main thoroughfares include the eponymous Kearny Avenue (the local segment of Ridge Road / Frank E. Rodgers Boulevard), Bergen Avenue, Midland Avenue, Schuyler Avenue
and Passaic Avenue.
A number of small parks running along the Passaic River
are collectively called Riverbank Park
. The largest, located on the colloquial "Bunnyland Hill", is a gift from Kearny's veterans. It is named after a small zoo named Bunnyland, which was maintained by the local Kiwanis Club
, that occupied part of the present Bunnyland Hill in the 20th century. During Kearny's Fourth of July
celebrations (which include a fireworks display), Bunnyland Hill is the primary gathering spot for celebrants and observers. The largest park is West Hudson Park
, shared with Harrison, which contains a variety of sports fields, recreational areas, and an artificial pond.
The second largest recreational zone is the Kearny Playground at Gunnel Oval.
The 2010 United States census
counted 40,684 people, 13,462 households, and 9,921 families in the town. The population density
was 4,636.5 per square mile (1,790.2/km2
). There were 14,180 housing units at an average density of 1,616.0 per square mile (623.9/km2
). The racial makeup was 73.57% (29,933) White
, 5.37% (2,186) Black or African American
, 0.40% (163) Native American
, 4.41% (1,793) Asian
, 0.08% (32) Pacific Islander
, 12.53% (5,099) from other races
, and 3.63% (1,478) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino
of any race were 39.95% (16,253) of the population.
Of the 13,462 households, 33.5% had children under the age of 18; 51.6% were married couples living together; 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present and 26.3% were non-families. Of all households, 21.0% were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.28.
20.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.4 years. For every 100 females, the population had 106.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 105.7 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey
showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted
dollars) median household income
was $58,698 (with a margin of error of ±$3,838) and the median family income was $66,272 (±$3,803). Males had a median income of $45,360 (±$2,598) versus $38,668 (±$3,893) for females. The per capita income
for the borough was $24,977 (±$1,022). About 7.6% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 14.2% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census
there were 40,513 people, 13,539 households, and 9,802 families residing in the town. The population density
was 4,433.2 people per square mile (1,711.4/km2
). There were 13,872 housing units at an average density of 1,518.0 per square mile (586.0/km2
). The racial makeup of the town was 75.75% White
, 3.97% African American
, 0.37% Native American
, 5.50% Asian
, 0.07% Pacific Islander
, 10.04% from other races
, and 4.31% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 27.34% of the population.
There were 13,539 households, out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples
living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.28.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 21.5% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 35.7% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $47,757, and the median income for a family was $54,596. Males had a median income of $38,672 versus $30,620 for females. The per capita income
for the town was $20,886. About 6.1% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.
Portions of the town are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone
(UEZ), one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. Kearny was selected in 1983 as one of the initial group of 10 zones chosen to participate in the program.
In addition to other benefits to encourage employment and investment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax
rate (half of the 65
% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.
Established in November 1992, the town's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in November 2023.
Since its inception, there has been $27 million in tax revenue that has been invested based on revenue from the Urban Enterprise Zone.
Community Police Center
Kearny is governed under the Town
form of New Jersey municipal government. The town is one of nine municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use this traditional form of government.
The governing body is comprised of the Mayor
and Town Council, who are elected on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. The Mayor is elected directly by the voters at-large
to a four-year term of office. The Town Council, comprised of eight members, is elected by the voters to four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one of the two seats from each of the four wards
coming up for election in two consecutive years followed by two years with no elections.
The Mayor and Council operate on a legislative basis, with the Mayor having veto power. The day-to-day operations are the responsibility of the Town Administrator whose duties are specified by local ordinance, and who generally carries out the policies adopted by the Mayor and Council.
As of 2020, the Mayor of Kearny is Al Santos, who has been Mayor of Kearny since January 1, 2000, and whose current term of office ends December 31, 2021. Before his election as mayor, Santos served as councilman of Kearny's Second Ward for one year.
Members of the Town Council are Albino Cardoso (D, 2022; 1st Ward), Marytrine De Castro (D, 2021; 1st Ward), Carol Jean Doyle (D, 2022; 3rd Ward), Eileen Eckel (D, 2022; 3rd Ward), Gerald J. Ficeto (D, 2021; 4th Ward - elected to serve an unexpired term), Richard P. Konopka (D, 2021; 2nd Ward), Susan A. McCurrie (D, 2022; 4th Ward) and Peter Santana (D, 2022; 2nd Ward).
In February 2019, the Town Council appointed Gerald Ficeto to fill the 2nd Ward seat expiring in December 2021 that had been held by Michael D. Landy until he resigned from office in December 2018.
in November 2019, Ficeto was elected to serve the balance of the term of office.
On January 7, 2017, 2nd Ward Councilman Jonathan Giordano died, creating a vacancy on the Town Council.
In February 2017, Peter Santana was selected unanimously to fill Giordano's seat that expires in December 2018; Santana served on an interim basis until the November 2017 general election, when voters elected him to serve the balance of the term of office.
In February 2015, the Town Council selected Marytrine De Castro, as chosen by the Democratic municipal committee, to fill the vacant First Ward seat expiring in December 2017 that had been held by Alexa Arce until she resigned from office the previous month.
In the November general election, De Castro was elected to serve the balance of the term.
The town is protected by the Kearny Fire Department,
which operates out of four fire stations.
The current Chief of Department is Steve Dyl.
Below is a list of fire station locations and apparatus of the Kearny Fire Department.
Federal, state and county representation
Kearny is split between the 8th and 9th Congressional Districts
and is part of New Jersey's 32nd state legislative district.
Prior to the 2010 Census, Kearny had been part of the 9th Congressional District and the 13th Congressional District
, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission
that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
In the redistricting that took effect in 2013, 22,572 (about 55%) Kearny residents were placed in the 8th District, with the remaining 18,112 (about 45%) located in the extreme northwest corner of the town placed in the 9th District.
is governed by a directly elected County Executive
and by a Board of Chosen Freeholders
, which serves as the county's legislative body. As of 2017, Hudson County's County Executive
Thomas A. DeGise, whose term of office expires December 31, 2019.
Hudson County's Freeholders (all serving concurrent terms that end on December 31, 2018) are
Kenneth Kopacz (Bayonne and parts of Jersey City),
William O'Dea, Vice Chairperson (western parts of Jersey City),
Gerard M. Balmir Jr. (southeastern parts of Jersey City),
E. Junior Maldonado (northern parts of Jersey City),
Anthony L. Romano Jr. (Hoboken and adjoining parts of Jersey City),
Tilo Rivas (Union City),
District 7:Caridad Rodriguez
, Chairperson Pro-Tempore (West New York, Weehawken, Guttenberg),
Anthony P. Vainieri Jr., Chairperson (North Bergen and northern parts of Secaucus)
and District 9:
Albert Cifelli (East Newark, Harrison, Kearny and southern parts of Secaucus).
Hudson County's constitutional officers are County Clerk Barbara A. Netchert (2017),
Sheriff Frank Schillari
and Surrogate Joseph J. Ryglicki.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 16,348 registered voters in Kearny, of which 7,030 (43.0%) were registered as Democrats
, 1,922 (11.8%) were registered as Republicans
and 7,390 (45.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated
. There were 6 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election
, Democrat Barack Obama
received 68.9% of the vote (7,579 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney
with 29.9% (3,293 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (129 votes), among the 11,076 ballots cast by the town's 17,601 registered voters (75 ballots were spoiled
), for a turnout of 62.9%.
In the 2008 presidential election
, Democrat Barack Obama received 60.4% of the vote (6,953 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain
with 37.9% (4,365 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (121 votes), among the 11,508 ballots cast by the town's 18,057 registered voters, for a turnout of 63.7%.
In the 2004 presidential election
, Democrat John Kerry
received 57.0% of the vote (6,363 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush
with 41.7% (4,650 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (87 votes), among the 11,154 ballots cast by the town's 16,633 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 67.1.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election
, Democrat Barbara Buono
received 49.5% of the vote (2,667 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie
with 48.8% (2,634 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (92 votes), among the 5,597 ballots cast by the town's 18,001 registered voters (204 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 31.1%.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election
, Democrat Jon Corzine
received 52.9% of the vote (3,838 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 38.5% (2,790 votes), Independent Chris Daggett
with 5.4% (390 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (80 votes), among the 7,249 ballots cast by the town's 16,417 registered voters, yielding a 44.2% turnout.
Washington Elementary School
Kearny Library and Museum
Schools in Kearny include:
- Kearny Christian Academy, a Christian school founded in 1981 by the City of Hope International Church that serves students in kindergarten through twelfth grade.
- Mt. Carmel Guild School
- The Little Neighborhood Learning Center
- Happy Time Preschool & Day Care
In the face of declining enrollment, the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark
closed Mater Dei Academy at the conclusion of the 2011–12 school year. Mater Dei had been opened three years earlier as the merger of two existing schools, St. Stephen's and Holy Cross (the latter in Harrison
), but attendance declined from 250 in its first year to 170 in its final year.
Other former Catholic schools in Kearney include: Sacred Heart School and St. Cecilia School.
Library and museum
The southbound New Jersey Turnpike (I-95) in Kearny
Former West Arlington Station
Roads and highways
Kearny was formerly served by trains of both the Erie Railroad's Newark Branch (later Erie-Lackawanna and then Conrail's Newark Industrial Branch) and its Greenwood Lake Division (later the Erie-Lackawanna's Greenwood Lake-Boonton Line; and Conrail and New Jersey Transit's Boonton Line) which stopped at the now abandoned Arlington station
. Newark Branch passenger service was terminated in October, 1966. But freight service continued until 2005 when the last remaining shipper, Spar-Tech PolyCom, shut down. However freight service on the Newark side is still active. New Jersey Transit discontinued Boonton Line service in 2002 when the Montclair Connection
Through the early 1970s trains also stopped at a second station along this route known as West Arlington
. This station was just to the east of the now abandoned WR Draw
movable bridge. Prior to April 30, 1967, a station in South Kearny, was served by the Central Railroad of New Jersey
's Newark and New York Railroad
via the PD Draw
over the Passaic River. This station was popular with employees of the giant Western Electric
plant, and other industries in the area. In the final years of this service a pair of rush hour trains ran in each direction between South Kearny, and the CNJ's Broad Street Station in downtown Newark, as well as a single rush hour round trip between South Kearny, and Plainfield. This train operated via Elizabethport, and the CNJ main line.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Kearny include:
- Tomasz Adamek (born 1976), Polish professional heavyweight boxer who is the former WBC Light Heavyweight Champion and the former IBF & IBO & The Ring Cruiserweight Champion.
- Karen Akunowicz (born 1978), award-winning chef, Top Chef contestant.
- Marcello Borges (born 1997), soccer player who currently plays college soccer at the University of Michigan.
- Rachel Breton (born 1990), soccer striker and defender who played for Sky Blue FC and New Jersey Wildcats.
- Davey Brown (1898–1970), U.S. soccer forward who was inducted into the US Soccer Hall of Fame.
- Marques Brownlee (born 1993) YouTube personality who reviews technology.
- Guy W. Calissi (c. 1909–1980), New Jersey Superior Court judge who lived in an orphanage here.
- Gary Michael Cappetta (born 1952), professional wrestling ring announcer, author, voice over artist, screenwriter and stage performer.
- Ownie Carroll (1902–1975), Major League Baseball pitcher who played nine seasons in the major, from 1925 to 1934 .
- Ted Gillen (born 1968), former professional soccer player.
- Albert Gonzalez (born 1981), government informant and computer criminal.
- Ed Halicki (born 1950), former professional baseball pitcher with a no-hitter to his credit, pitched on August 24, 1975, against the New York Mets.
- John Harkes (born 1967), professional soccer player.
- Al Hartley (1921–2003), comic book writer-artist known for his work on Archie Comics.
- Fred A. Hartley Jr. (1909–1969), New Jersey Congressman best known for being the House of Representatives sponsor of the Taft-Hartley Act.
- Herbie Haymer (1916–1949), jazz saxophonist.
- Frank Iero (born 1981), rhythm guitarist and backup vocalist for My Chemical Romance.
- Jeffrey Klepacki (born 1968), three-time US Olympian in rowing and three-time world champion.
- Buzz Kulik (1922–1999), film director and producer.
- Joe Kyrillos (born 1960), politician who served in the New Jersey Senate from 1992 to 2018, where he represents the 13th Legislative District.
- Joan Lippincott (born 1935), concert organist.
- Monroe Jay Lustbader (1931-1996), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1992 until his death, where he represented the 21st Legislative District.
- Kevin Maguire (born 1960), comic book artist.
- Paul McCurrie (1929–2020), lawyer and politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Tony Meola (born 1969), professional soccer player.
- Dots Miller (1886–1923), Major League Baseball player from 1909 to 1921.
- Michael Moran (born 1962), author / analyst of international affairs and digital documentarian.
- Tony Mottola (1918–2004), jazz guitarist.
- Shamus O'Brien (1907–1981), soccer player inducted in 1990 into the National Soccer Hall of Fame.
- Hugh O'Neill (born 1954), soccer player who played in the NASL, ASL, and MISL.
- Greg Pason (born 1966), National Secretary of the Socialist Party USA.
- George Paxton (c. 1914–1989), big band jazz leader, saxophonist, composer and producer.
- Matt Pelissier (born 1979), Drummer for My Chemical Romance
- Bill Raftery (born 1943), college basketball analyst and former college basketball player for La Salle University.
- Tab Ramos (born 1966), retired soccer midfielder.
- James H. Rupp (1918-1998), Illinois state senator, Mayor of Monmouth, Illinois, and businessman
- Harold Hill Smith (1910–1994), geneticist who first fused a human cell and a plant cell.
- Bob Stanley (born 1954), professional baseball relief pitcher who played for the Boston Red Sox.
- Archie Stark (1897–1985), soccer pioneer in the United States and member of the National Soccer Hall of Fame.
- Ray Toro (born 1977), My Chemical Romance lead guitarist.
- John Patrick Washington (1908–1943), Roman Catholic priest; one of the Four Chaplains, who gave their lives to save other soldiers during the sinking of the troop transport Dorchester during World War II.
- Alex Webster (1931-2012), fullback and halfback in the National Football League for the New York Giants, who was later head coach of the Giants from 1969 to 1973.
- Dick Weisgerber (1915-1984), professional football player for the Green Bay Packers.
- Kenneth G. Wiman (born 1930), U.S. Coast Guard Rear Admiral.
- ^ a b c d Hernandez, Raymond. "World Cup Hits Home In Soccer Town, U.S.A." The New York Times June 26, 1994. Accessed September 12, 2013. "In a nation that has not yet shared the world's enthusiasm for soccer, Kearny (pronounced CAR-nee) is certainly an anomaly. The town has two local soccer historians. On Kearny Avenue, the main strip, a sign proclaims: 'Welcome to Kearny. Soccer Town, U.S.A.'"
- ^ a b c d e f 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
- ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- ^ a b Mayor Alberto G. Santos, Town of Kearny. Accessed March 31, 2020.
- ^ 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- ^ Town Administrator, Town of Kearny. Accessed March 31, 2020.
- ^ Town Clerk, Town of Kearny. Accessed March 31, 2020.
- ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 142.
- ^ "Town of Kearny". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
- ^ 2010 Census: Hudson County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed April 20, 2011.
- ^ a b c d e f DP-1 – Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Kearny town, Hudson County, New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 15, 2011.
- ^ a b c d Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Kearny town Archived 2013-05-20 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 15, 2011.
- ^ a b QuickFacts for Kearny town, New Jersey; Hudson County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019), United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State – County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 12, 2012.
- ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Kearny, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 27, 2011.
- ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed December 12, 2013.
- ^ Area Code Lookup – NPA NXX for Kearny, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 29, 2013.
- ^ a b U.S. Census website, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- ^ Geographic Codes for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
- ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- ^ Wright, E. Assata. "Secaucus: How do you pronounce it? Development put town on map, but newcomers don't know where they are", The Hudson Reporter, July 6, 2011. "Therefore, the new neighbors may proudly totter about telling folks they live in Sih-KAW-cus or See-KAW-cus. However, natives prefer that the accent be on the first syllable, as in: SEE-kaw-cus.... Bayonne is bay-OWN, not ba-YON, locals say. Kearny is Kar-nee, not Keer-nee."
- ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 12, 2012.
- ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 2, 2015.
- ^ Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 172. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed September 2, 2015.
- ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 147. Accessed October 12, 2012.
- ^ Harvey, Cornelius Burnham. "Genealogical History Of Hudson And Bergen Counties New Jersey; Early Settlers Of Hudson County – Part A", Getnj.com, 1900. Accessed October 29, 2014.
- ^ "Congressman Dominick V. Daniels Hails Kearny, N.J., Centennial", p. 27112, Congressional Record, Volume 113, Part 20. United States Government Printing Office, 1967. Accessed November 13, 2019.
- ^ a b History, Town of Kearny. Accessed March 31, 2020.
- ^ Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs; Manuscript Group 651, Schuyler Family (New Barbados Neck, NJ) Archived 2010-12-02 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Historical Society. Accessed October 29, 2014.
- ^ Lienhard, John H. "No. 1085: The First American Steam Engine", University of Houston Engines of Our Ingenuity. Accessed October 29, 2015.
- ^ Krasner, Barbara. Kearny, p. 10. Arcadia Publishing, 2000. ISBN 0-7385-0403-3. Accessed July 7, 2011. "Constructed of stone and bricks imported from Holland, the mansion stood as a source of pride until 1924. When the mansion was about to be torn down, a development company offered to deed a section of the 60 acres to any historical society that would pay for the upkeep.... no one was able to do so and this monument was destroyed."
- ^ Cooper, Lee E. "Historic Kearny Family Plot in Jersey To Be Used as Site for New Apartments", The New York Times, January 4, 1939. Accessed July 5, 2018. "This was a part of 'Belgrove,' purchased about 1850 by Philip Kearny, father of General John Watts Kearny, and utilized by him as a site for a mansion which became popularly known as 'Kearny Castle.'"
- ^ a b c Hipp, Jessie M. Seventy-fifth Anniversary of Kearny Town Hall Archived 2012-04-05 at the Wayback Machine, Town of Kearny, November 1984. Accessed October 27, 2011.
- ^ Staff. "Historic firehouse under restoration", The Observer , November 24, 2011. Accessed November 13, 2019. "The structure is the oldest standing firehouse in town: a small two-story brick building on Halstead St., just west of Kearny Ave. It dates to 1895 and was originally the headquarters for Highland Hose Co. No. 4, back in the days when a clanging bell was the only way to alert firefighters to an emergency, and when rigs pulled by galloping horses raced through the streets to answer a call."
- ^ Sarapin, Janice Kohl (1994), Old Burial Grounds of New Jersey, Rutgers University Press, ISBN 0-8135-2111-4
- ^ Prentice, Claire. "The Scots of Kearny, New Jersey – home of The Sopranos", The Herald (Glasgow), March 22, 2010, backed up by the Internet Archive as of December 7, 2013. Accessed November 13, 2019. "The story of the Scots in Kearny goes back to the 1860s, when two Scottish companies, Paisley thread mill Clark’s and Kirkcaldy linoleum company Nairn’s, opened factories in the area. They wanted to avoid paying import taxes on goods shipped from Scotland and Kearny’s tax breaks and location, at the confluence of the Passaic and Hackensack Rivers, made it an ideal choice. Word got out back in Scotland that skilled workers were needed. By the 1960s, there were 21,000 Scots living in Kearny (as of the 2000 United States Census, the town’s population was approximately 40,000)."
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Last edited on 9 April 2021, at 10:05
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