Kerkennah's main town, Remla
), has a population of 2,000. The population of the islands significantly decreased during the 1980s due to drought
. The islands were unable to provide suitable irrigation
systems and, with clean water rapidly running out, many islanders were forced to leave for mainland Tunisia, the nearest town being Sfax
Map including the Kerkennah Islands (AMS
Arid landscape on the Kerkennah Islands
The islands are warm and dry, with strong prevailing winds. This is mainly due to its positioning in the Gulf of Gabes
, with strong sea winds (Gharbi
), carried over the mainland, making them hot and dry. What little water vapour there is, is lost over cooler Tunisia first. This causes the general ecology of the island to mainly consist of tall xerophytic
(and often halophytic
) flora, such as palms
The land is arid and there is little agriculture, though the islanders own chickens and goats for their own personal consumption. Fishing
, especially for octopus, is a key industry of Kerkennah, whence it is exported to mainland Tunisia and other nearby countries.
Tourism is limited in Kerkennah and it lacks grandiose sandy beaches. Many mainland Tunisians spend their holidays in Kerkennah, and many more affluent Tunisians often build private second homes on the island. Tourists also come from European countries. Temperatures on the island are high, with a minimum of 4 °C (39 °F) and often reaching 40 °C (104 °F).
The north includes a port known as Kraten
- ^ "Information about Kerkennah, Tunisia". www.mediterraneanislands.org. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
- ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library, §5.12.3
- ^ Plutarch, Life of Dion, §Dion.25
- ^ Pseudo Scylax, Periplous, §110
- ^ Polybius, Histories, §3.96.12
- ^ Plutarch, Life of Marius, §40
- ^ a b Strabo, Geography, §17.3.16
- ^ Ptolemaeus, Geography, §4.3.45
- ^ a b G.-L. Feuille, v. Cercina, in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XII, Paris 1953, col. 160
- ^ Stefano Antonio Morcelli, Africa christiana, Volume I, Brescia 1816, pp. 140–141
- ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 866
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