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King of Bahrain
The King of the Kingdom of Bahrain (Arabic: ملك مملكة البحرين‎‎) is the monarch and head of state of Bahrain. Between 1783 and 1971, the Bahraini monarch held the title of Hakim, and, from 1971 until 2002, the title of Emir. On 14 February 2002, the then-Emir of Bahrain, Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, declared Bahrain a kingdom and proclaimed himself the first king.[1]
King of Bahrain
ملك مملكة البحرين
Malik Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn

Royal Standard of Bahrain
Incumbent
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
since 6 March 1999 as Emir
since 14 February 2002 as King
Details
StyleHis Majesty
Heir apparentSalman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
First monarchAhmed ibn Muhammad ibn Khalifa (Hakim)
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifah (King)
Formation1783 (Hakimmiyah)
16 August 1971 (Emirate)
14 February 2002 (Kingdom)
ResidenceRiffa Palace
WebsiteOfficial website
The King enjoys wide range of powers, which include appointing the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, holding the supreme command over the Defence Force, chairing the Higher Judicial Council, appointing the parliament's upper house and dissolving its elected lower house.[2] (p. 15)
List of rulers
Hakims of Bahrain (1783–1971)
The Arabic title of the Hakim, as transliterated, was Hakim al-Bahrayn (English: Caretaker of Bahrain). The Hakim also held the honorific title of sheikh.
PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
ReignNotes
Sheikh
Ahmed ibn Muhammad ibn Khalifa
1783 – 18 July 1795Leader of the Bani Utbah invasion of Bahrain
Sheikh
Salman bin Ahmad al-Khalifa
1795–1825As co-regent
Sheikh
Abdullah ibn Ahmad Al Khalifa
1795–1843As co-regent
[citation needed]Sheikh
Khalifah ibn Sulman Al Khalifa
1825–1834As co-regent with Abdullah ibn Ahmad Al Khalifa
Sheikh
Muhammad ibn Khalifah Al Khalifa
1834–1842First reign as co-regent with Abdullah ibn Ahmad Al Khalifa
Sheikh
Muhammad ibn Khalifah Al Khalifa
1843–1868Second reign
Sheikh
Ali ibn Khalifah Al Khalifa
1868–1869
Sheikh
Muhammad ibn Khalifah Al Khalifa
1869Third reign
Sheikh
Muhammad ibn Abdullah Al Khalifa
September – 1 December 1869Deposed and exiled to India. Confined at Asirgarh Fort, but later removed to Chunar Fort, near Benares, where he died in 1877.
Sheikh
Isa ibn Ali Al Khalifa
(1848–1932)
1 December 1869 – 26 May 1923Abdicated
Sheikh
Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifa
(1872–1942)
27 May 1923 – 20 February 1942
Sheikh
Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa
(1894–1961)
20 February 1942 – 2 November 1961
Sheikh
Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa
(1931–1999)
2 November 1961 – 16 August 1971
Emirs of Bahrain (1971–2002)
The Arabic title of the Emir, as transliterated, was Amir dawlat al-Bahrayn (English: Chief of the State of Bahrain). The Emir also held the honorific title of sheikh.
NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Sheikh
Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa
عيسى بن سلمان آل خليفة
3 June 1931 – 6 March 1999 (aged 67)16 August 19716 March 1999[3]Son of Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa and Mouza bint Hamad Al KhalifaKhalifa
Sheikh
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
حمد بن عيسى آل خليفة
28 January 1950 (age 71)6 March 199914 February 2002
(title changed)[1]
Son of Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa and Hessa bint Salman Al KhalifaKhalifa
King of Bahrain (2002–present)
The Arabic title of the King, as transliterated, is Malik al-Bahrayn (English: King of Bahrain). The King also holds the honorific title of sheikh.
NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
King
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
حمد بن عيسى آل خليفة
28 January 1950 (age 71)14 February 2002IncumbentSon of Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa and Hessa bint Salman Al KhalifaKhalifa
See also
References
  1. ^ a b "Bahrain becomes kingdom with voter democracy". The Globe and Mail. 15 February 2002. Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  2. ^ "(Report). Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry. 23 November 2011" (PDF). BICI. 23 November 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  3. ^ Jehl, Douglas (7 March 1999). "Sheik Isa, 65, Emir of Bahrain Who Built Non-Oil Economy". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
Last edited on 13 April 2021, at 18:23
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