This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (April 2021)
(known in the West as Ibn Saud) regained his patrimony, which is known as today's Saudi Arabia in 1902. Restoring his family as emirs of Riyadh
, he then established Nejd
as his headquarters in 1922. Following the establishment of Riyadh as the capital of his state, King Abdulaziz then captured Hejaz
Ibn Saud proclaimed his dominions as the Sultanate of Nejd
in 1921, shortly before completing the unification of the region. He was proclaimed king/malik
in 1926, and raised Nejd
to a kingdom as well in 1927. For the next five years, Ibn Saud administered the two parts of his realm, the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd
as separate units. On 23 September 1932, he formally united his territories into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
The kings since Ibn Saud's death have all been his sons, and all likely immediate successors to the reigning King Salman will be from among his progeny. Sons of Ibn Saud are considered to have primary claim on the throne of Saudi Arabia.
This makes the Saudi monarchy quite distinct from Western monarchies, which usually feature large, clearly defined royal families
and orders of succession, and use the absolute primogeniture
system of succession. Muhammad bin Nayef
was the first grandson of Ibn Saud to be in the line of succession before being deposed from the position of Crown Prince
by a royal decree in 2017.
The Royal Standard consists of a green flag, with an Arabic
inscription and a sword featured in white, and with the national emblem
embroidered in gold in the lower right canton.
Royal Standard of the King
The script on the flag is written in the Thuluth script
. It is the shahada
or Islamic declaration of faith:
لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله
lā ʾilāha ʾillā-llāh, muhammadun rasūlu-llāhThere is no other god but Allah, Muhammad is the messenger of God.
Kings of Saudi Arabia (1932–present)
- ^ "Saudi Arabia - Government and society". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
- ^ "Story behind the king's title". Arab News. 27 January 2015. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
- ^ "History | The Embassy of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia". www.saudiembassy.net. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
- ^ "About Saudi Arabia". UNDP in Saudi Arabia. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
- ^ "History of Saudi Arabia. ( The Saudi National Day 23, Sep )". www.pmu.edu.sa. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
- ^ "Governance and Politics of Saudi Arabia". Fanack.com. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
- ^ "Mohammed bin Salman becomes Saudi Crown Prince with 31 out of 34 votes". Al Arabiya English. 21 June 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
- ^ Rabasa, Angel (2004). The Muslim world after 9/11. Rand Corporation. p. 164. ISBN 978-0-8330-3712-1. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- ^ "Royal Standard (Saudi Arabia)". www.crwflags.com. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
- ^ "About Saudi Arabia: Facts and figures". The Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, Washington D.C. Archived from the original on 17 April 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- ^ "Who is Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed?". BBC News. 22 October 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
Last edited on 19 May 2021, at 05:20
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.