La Liga - Wikipedia
La Liga
This article is about the top division in Spanish football. For other uses, see Liga (disambiguation).
The Campeonato Nacional de Liga de Primera División,[a] commonly known simply as La Liga[b] and officially as LaLiga Santander for sponsorship reasons,[2] stylized as LaLiga, is the men's top professional football division of the Spanish football league system.[3] Administered by the Liga Nacional de Fútbol Profesional,[c] is contested by 20 teams, with the three lowest-placed teams at the end of each season relegated to the Segunda División and replaced by the top two teams and a play-off winner in that division.
La Liga
Organising bodyLiga Nacional de Fútbol Profesional
(La Liga)
Founded1929; 92 years ago
CountrySpain
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams20
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toSegunda División
Domestic cup(s)Copa del Rey
Supercopa de España
International cup(s)UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
UEFA Europa Conference League
Current championsReal Madrid (34th title)
(2019–20)
Most championshipsReal Madrid (34 titles)
Most appearancesAndoni Zubizarreta
(622)
Top goalscorerLionel Messi
(472)
TV partnersList of broadcasters
Websitelaliga.es
Current: 2020–21 La Liga
A total of 62 teams have competed in La Liga since its inception. 3800000000000000000000 teams have been crowned champions, with Real Madrid winning the title a record 34 times and Barcelona 28 times. During the 1940s Valencia, Atlético Madrid and Barcelona emerged as the strongest clubs, winning several titles. Real Madrid and Barcelona dominated the championship in the 1950s, each winning four La Liga titles during the decade. During the 1960s and 1970s Real Madrid dominated La Liga, winning 14 titles, with Atlético Madrid winning four.[4] During the 1980s and 1990s Real Madrid were prominent in La Liga, but the Basque clubs of Athletic Club and Real Sociedad had their share of success, each winning two Liga titles. From the 1990s onward, Barcelona have dominated La Liga winning 16 titles to date.[5] Although Real Madrid has been prominent, winning nine titles, La Liga has also seen other champions, including Atlético Madrid, Valencia, and Deportivo La Coruña.
According to UEFA's league coefficient rankings, La Liga has been the top league in Europe in each of the seven years from 2013 to 2019 (calculated using accumulated figures from five preceding seasons), and has led Europe for 22 of the 60 ranked years up to 2019, more than any other country. It has also produced the continent's top-rated club more times (22) than any other league in that period, more than double that of second-placed Serie A (Italy), including the top club in 10 of the 11 seasons between 2009 and 2019; each of these pinnacles was achieved by either Barcelona or Real Madrid. La Liga clubs have won the most UEFA Champions League (18), UEFA Europa League (12), UEFA Super Cup (15), and FIFA Club World Cup (7) titles, and its players have accumulated the highest number of Ballon d'Or awards (23), The Best FIFA Men's Player awards including FIFA World Player of the Year (19), and UEFA Men's Player of the Year awards including UEFA Club Footballer of the Year (11).
La Liga is one of the most popular professional sports leagues in the world, with an average attendance of 26,933 for league matches in the 2018–19 season.[6] This is the eighth-highest of any domestic professional sports league in the world and the third-highest of any professional association football league in the world, behind the Bundesliga and the Premier League, and above the other two so-called "Big Five" European leagues, Serie A and Ligue 1.[7][8] La Liga is also the sixth wealthiest professional sports league in the world by revenue, after the NFL, MLB, the NBA, the Premier League, and the NHL.[9]
Competition format
The competition format follows the usual double round-robin format. During the course of a season, which lasts from August to May, each club plays every other club twice, once at home and once away, for 38 matches. Teams receive three points for a win, one point for a draw, and no points for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, with the highest-ranked club at the end of the season crowned champion.
Promotion and relegation
A system of promotion and relegation exists between the Primera División and the Segunda División. The three lowest placed teams in La Liga are relegated to the Segunda División, and the top two teams from the Segunda División promoted to La Liga, with an additional club promoted after a series of play-offs involving the third, fourth, fifth and sixth placed clubs. Below is a complete record of how many teams played in each season throughout the league's history;
Number of clubs in La Liga throughout the years
Period (in years)No. of clubs
1929–193410 clubs
1934–194112 clubs
1941–195014 clubs
1950–197116 clubs
1971–198718 clubs
1987–199520 clubs
1995–199722 clubs
1997–present20 clubs
Ranking of clubs on equal points
If points are equal between two or more clubs, the rules are:[10]
Qualification for European competitions
See also: UEFA country coefficients
Current Criteria
See also: 2020–21 UEFA Champions League Association team allocation
The top four teams in La Liga qualify for the subsequent season's UEFA Champions League group stage. The winners of the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League also qualify for the subsequent season's UEFA Champions League group stage. If this means 6 La Liga teams qualify, then the 4th place team in La Liga instead plays in the UEFA Europa League, as any single nation is limited to a maximum of 5 teams.
The 5th place team in La Liga qualifies for the subsequent season's UEFA Europa League group stage. The winner of the Copa del Rey also qualifies for the subsequent season's UEFA Europa League group stage, but if the winner also finished in the top 5 places in La Liga, then this place reverts to the team that finished 6th in La Liga. Furthermore, the 6th place (or 7th if 6th already qualifies) team qualifies for the subsequent season's UEFA Europa League second qualifying round.[12]
The number of places allocated to Spanish clubs in UEFA competitions is dependent upon the position a country holds in the UEFA country coefficients, which are calculated based upon the performance of teams in UEFA competitions in the previous 5 years. Currently the ranking of Spain (and de facto La Liga) is 1st.
Extracted from the 2019 ranking of nations by their UEFA coefficient[13]
Rank
2019
Rank
2018
ChangeLeague2014–152015–162016–172017–182018–19CoefficientPlaces in UEFA Champions LeaguePlaces in Europa League
GSPOQ3Q2Q1PQGSPOQ3Q2Q1PQ
11=
Spain
20.21423.92820.14219.71419.571103.569421
22=England13.57114.25014.92820.07122.64285.462421
33=
Italy
19.00011.50014.25017.33312.64274.725421
44=Germany15.85716.42814.5719.85715.21471.927421
55=
France
10.91611.08314.41611.50010.58358.4982121
66=
Russia
9.66611.5009.20012.6007.58350.54921111
77=
Portugal
9.08310.5008.0839.66610.90048.23211111
88=
Ukraine
10.0009.8005.5008.0007.80039.90011111
99=
Belgium
9.6007.40012.5002.6005.60038.90011111
1010=
Turkey
6.0006.6009.7006.8005.50034.60011111
History
Foundation
In April 1928, José María Acha, a director at Getxo, first proposed the idea of a national league in Spain. After much debate about the size of the league and who would take part, the Real Federación Española de Fútbol eventually agreed on the ten teams who would form the first Primera División in 1929. Barcelona, Real Madrid, Athletic Club, Real Sociedad, Getxo, and Real Unión were all selected as previous winners of the Copa del Rey. Atlético Madrid, Espanyol, and Europa qualified as Copa del Rey runners-up and Racing de Santander qualified through a knockout competition. Only three of the founding clubs, Real Madrid, Barcelona and Athletic Club, have never been relegated from the Primera División.
1930s: Athletic Club prominence
Although Barcelona won the very first Liga in 1929 and Real Madrid won their first titles in 1932 and 1933, it was Athletic Club that set the early pace winning Primera División in 1930, 1931, 1934 and 1936. They were also runners-up in 1932 and 1933. In 1935, Real Betis, then known as Betis Balompié, won their only title to date. Primera División was suspended during the Spanish Civil War.
In 1937, the teams in the Republican area of Spain, with the notable exception of the two Madrid clubs, competed in the Mediterranean League and Barcelona emerged as champions. Seventy years later, on 28 September 2007, Barcelona requested the Royal Spanish Football Federation (Spanish acronym RFEF) to recognise that title as a Liga title. This action was taken after RFEF was asked to recognise Levante FC's Copa de la España Libre win as equivalent to Copa del Rey trophy. Nevertheless, the governing body of Spanish football has not made an outright decision yet.
1940s: Atlético Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia emerge
Results of the five champions during the post-war years
SeasonATMBARBILSEVVAL
1939–4019328
1940–4114253
1941–42312761
1942–4383127
1943–44261031
1944–45316105
1945–4672316
1946–4734261
1947–4831652
1948–4941682
1949–50156103
TOTAL33113
Top three84547
 League champions
 Copa del Rey
 La Liga/Copa del Rey double
When the Primera División resumed after the Spanish Civil War, it was Atlético Aviación (nowadays Atlético Madrid), Valencia, and FC Barcelona that emerged as the strongest clubs. Atlético were only awarded a place during the 1939–40 season as a replacement for Real Oviedo, whose ground had been damaged during the war. The club subsequently won their first Liga title and retained it in 1941. While other clubs lost players to exile, execution, and as casualties of the war, the Atlético team was reinforced by a merger. The young, pre-war squad of Valencia had also remained intact and in the post-war years matured into champions, gaining three Liga titles in 1942, 1944, and 1947. They were also runners-up in 1948 and 1949. Sevilla also enjoyed a brief golden era, finishing as runners-up in 1940 and 1942 before winning their only title to date in 1946.
Meanwhile, on the other side of Spain, FC Barcelona began to emerge as a force under the legendary Josep Samitier. A Spanish footballer for both Barcelona and Real Madrid, Samitier cemented his legacy with Barcelona. During his playing career with them, he scored 333 goals, won the inaugural La Liga title and five Copa Del Rey. In 1944, Samitier returned to Barcelona as a coach and guided them in winning their second La Liga title in 1945. Under Samitier and legendary players César Rodríguez, Josep Escolà, Estanislau Basora and Mariano Gonzalvo, Barcelona dominated La Liga in the late 1940s,[14] winning back to back La Liga titles in 1948 and 1949. The 1940s proved to be a successful season for Barcelona, winning three La Liga titles and one Copa Del Rey, but the 1950s proved to be a decade of dominance, not just from Barcelona, but from Real Madrid.
1950s: Real Madrid and Barcelona dominate La Liga
Naturalised Argentine Alfredo Di Stéfano was part of a dominant Real Madrid side in the 1950s
During the 1950s, László Kubala was a leading member of Barcelona scoring 194 goals in 256 appearances.
Although Atlético Madrid, previously known as Atlético Aviación, were champions in 1950 and 1951 under catenaccio mastermind Helenio Herrera, the 1950s continued the success FC Barcelona had during the late 1940s after they had won back to back La Liga titles. During this decade, Barcelona's first golden era emerged. Under coach Ferdinand Daučík, FC Barcelona won back to back doubles, winning La Liga and Copa Del Rey in 1952 and 1953. In 1952, FC Barcelona made history yet again by winning five distinctive trophies in one year. This team, composed of László Kubala, Mariano Gonzalvo, César Rodríguez and Joan Segarra won La Liga, Copa Del Rey, Copa Eva Duarte (predecessor of Spanish Super Cup), The Latin Cup and The Copa Martini Rossi. Their success in winning five trophies in one year earned them the name 'L’equip de les cinc Copes'[15] or The Team of The Five Cups. In the latter parts of the 1950s, coached by Helenio Herrera and featuring Luis Suárez, Barcelona won yet again their third set of back to back La Liga, winning them in 1959 and 1960. In 1959, FC Barcelona also won another double of La Liga / Copa Del Rey, conquering three doubles in the 1950s.
The 1950s also saw the beginning of the Real Madrid dominance. During the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s, there were strict limits imposed on foreign players. In most cases, clubs could have only three foreign players in their squads, meaning that at least eight local players had to play in every game. During the 1950s, however, these rules were circumvented by Real Madrid who naturalized Alfredo Di Stéfano and Ferenc Puskás. Di Stéfano, Puskás, Raymond Kopa and Francisco Gento formed the nucleus of the Real Madrid team that dominated the second half of the 1950s. Real Madrid won their third La Liga in 1954, 21 years later since 1933, and retained its title in 1955. In 1956, Athletic Club won their sixth La Liga title, but Real Madrid won La Liga again in 1957 and 1958. All in all, Barcelona and Real Madrid won 4 La Liga titles each, with Atlético Madrid winning two Liga and Athletic Club winning one during this decade.
1960s–1970s: Real Madrid superiority
Real Madrid dominated La Liga between 1960 and 1980, being crowned champions 14 times.[16] Real Madrid won five La Liga titles in a row from 1961 to 1965 as well as winning three doubles between 1960 and 1980. During the 1960s and 1970s, only Atlético Madrid offered Real Madrid any serious challenge. Atlético Madrid were crowned La Liga champions four times in 1966, 1970, 1973, and 1977. Atlético Madrid also finished second place in 1961, 1963 and 1965. In 1971, Valencia won their fourth La Liga title in 1971 under Alfredo Di Stéfano, and the Johan Cruyff-inspired Barcelona won their ninth La Liga in 1974.
1980s: Real Madrid and the Basque Clubs
Real Madrid's monopoly in La Liga was interrupted significantly in the 1980s. Although Real Madrid won another five La Liga titles in a row from 1986 to 1990[17] under the brilliance of Emilio Butragueño and Hugo Sánchez, the Basque clubs of Real Sociedad and Athletic Club also dominated the 1980s.[18] Real Sociedad won back-to-back La Liga titles in 1981 and 1982, after leaving both Real Madrid runner up. Their title wins were followed by fellow Basque club Athletic Club, who won back-to-back titles in 1983 and 1984, with Athletic Club winning their fifth La Liga and Copa Del Rey double in 1984. Barcelona won their tenth La Liga title in 1985 under coach Terry Venables, their first La Liga win since 1974.
1990s: Barcelona's Dream Team
La Masia graduates Guillermo Amor, Albert Ferrer and Pep Guardiola.
Johan Cruyff returned to Barcelona as manager in 1988, and assembled the legendary Dream Team.[19] When Cruyff took hold of this Barcelona side they had won only two La Liga titles in the past 11 years. Cruyff decided to build a team composed of international stars and La Masia graduates in order to restore Barcelona to their former glorious days. This team was formed by international stars Romario, Michael Laudrup, Hristo Stoichkov and Ronald Koeman. Cruyff's Dream Team also consisted of La Masia graduates Pep Guardiola, Albert Ferrer, and Guillermo Amor, as well as Spaniard Andoni Zubizarreta.
Johan Cruyff changed the way modern football was played,[20] and incorporated the principles of ‘Total Football’ into this team. The success of possession-based football was revolutionary,[21] and Cruyff's team won their first European Cup in 1992 and four consecutive La Liga titles between 1991 and 1994. In total, Cruyff won 11 trophies in eight years, making him the most successful manager in Barcelona's history until the record was broken by his protégé Pep Guardiola two decades later, before Zinedine Zidane becoming Real Madrid manager.
Barcelona's run ended with Real Madrid winning La Liga in 1995. Atlético Madrid won their ninth La Liga title in 1996, as well as their only Liga/Copa Del Rey double, before Real Madrid added another Liga to their cabinet in 1997. After the success of Cruyff, another Dutchman – Ajax manager, Louis van Gaal – arrived at the Camp Nou, and with the talents of Luís Figo, Luis Enrique, and Rivaldo, Barcelona won the La Liga title in 1998 and 1999, including their fourth double of Liga and Copa Del Rey in 1998. All in all, Barcelona won six La Liga titles in the 1990s and continued their success throughout the 2000s.
2000s: Real Madrid, Barcelona and new challengers
Results of Barça and Real Madrid in the 21st century
SeasonBARRMA
2000–0141
2001–0243
2002–0361
2003–0424
2004–0512
2005–0612
2006–0721
2007–0831
2008–0912
2009–1012
2010–1112
2011–1221
2012–1312
2013–1423
2014–1512
2015–1612
2016–1721
2017–1813
2018–1913
2019–2021
TOTAL107
Top three1719
 League champions
 Copa del Rey
 La Liga/Copa del Rey double
The 21st Century has continued the success FC Barcelona had in the 1990s under Johan Cruyff, dominating La Liga.[22] Although Real Madrid have been prominent, Barcelona have created a hegemony in Spain not seen since the Real Madrid of the 1960s-1970s.[23] Since the start of the new century, Barcelona have won 10 La Ligas, including two trebles and four doubles. This new century however has also seen new challengers being crowned champions. Between 1999–2000 and 2004, Deportivo La Coruña finished in the top three on five occasions, a better record than either Real Madrid or Barcelona, and in 2000, under Javier Irureta, Deportivo became the ninth team to be crowned champions. Valencia were also a very strong team in the early 2000s; they were crowned La Liga champions in 2002 and 2004 under Rafael Benítez.
Real Madrid won their first Liga titles of the century in 2001 and 2003. With world-class players like Raúl, Ruud van Nistelrooy and Gonzalo Higuaín, Ronaldo, Roberto Carlos, Figo, Real Madrid won back-to-back La Liga titles in 2006–07 and 2007–08. FC Barcelona won their first title of the new century under the brilliance of Ronaldinho and Samuel Eto'o in the 2004–2005 season. Barcelona retained the title and won it again in the 2005–2006 season.
2010s: Barcelona and Real madrid duopoly
Under the era of Pep Guardiola, powered by La Masia's talent, such as Lionel Messi, Xavi and Andrés Iniesta, Barcelona added two straight Liga titles in 2009 and 2010. FC Barcelona also became the first team in Spain to achieve the Treble in the 2008–09 season, consisting of winning the La Liga/Copa del Rey double and the UEFA Champions League. Barcelona won a third straight La Liga title in the 2010–11 season, but Real Madrid ended their winning streak in the 2011–2012 season under the management of José Mourinho. Real Madrid won their 32nd La Liga title with a record at the time of 100 points. The following year, in the 2012–2013 season, Barcelona won yet again another La Liga title under coach Tito Vilanova, replicating the 100 points record Real Madrid achieved the previous year. Atlético Madrid, under the management of Diego Simeone won their tenth La Liga title in 2013–14, their first since 1996. Atlético Madrid became the first team since Valencia in 2004 to win La Liga and break Barcelona and Real Madrid's dominion over the league.[24] In the 2014–15 season, under the trio of Messi, Neymar, and Suarez nicknamed 'MSN', Barcelona made history by becoming the first team to achieve a second treble, and winning a sixth Liga/Copa Del Rey double. Barcelona continued their dominance and in the 2015–16 season, won back-to-back Liga/Copa Del Rey double, something that has not been achieved since the 1950s.[25] Real Madrid brought back the La Liga title under the management of Zinedine Zidane in 2016–17, but Barcelona won the title again in the 2017–18 season, as well as winning their eighth double,[26] for 7 La Liga titles in 10 years. Barcelona retained the title yet again and won their 26th La Liga title in the 2018–19 season, for 8 La Liga titles in 11 years.[27] Madrid reclaimed the title in 2019–20, winning the season that was severely disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic.[28] Barça finished second, making it their twelfth consecutive placing in the top two, with eight victories[citation needed]. For Madrid, it was only their third title since the start of Barcelona's dominance in 2008–09[citation needed].
2020s: Present
The 2020–21 season started on September 12. The teams participating in La Liga 2020/21 are Athletic Club de Bilbao, Atlético de Madrid, Barcelona, Betis, Cádiz, Eibar, Getafe, Huesca, Levante, Osasuna, Real Madrid, Real Sociedad, Sevilla, Valencia, Valladolid, Villarreal, Elche, Alavés, Eibar and Celta Vigo. The teams joining the Primera División, coming from Segunda are Cadiz, Elche and Huesca. Espanyol was the first team in Primera to be dropped to Segunda División in the 2019/20 season. Mallorca and Leganés were also downgraded later.[29]
Clubs
Community of Madrid
Levante
Valencia
Valladolid
Villarreal
Alavés
Athletic Club
Celta Vigo
Eibar
Huesca
Osasuna
Real Sociedad
Barcelona
Cádiz
Real Betis
Sevilla
Elche
Granada
Community of Madrid teams:
Atlético Madrid
Getafe
Real Madrid
Location of teams in 2020–21 La Liga
Getafe
Atlético Madrid
Real Madrid
Location of Community of Madrid teams in 2020–21 La Liga
20 teams contest the league in its current season, including the top 17 sides from the 2019–20 season and three promoted from the 2019–20 Segunda División. Cádiz and Huesca were promoted directly, and Elche won the promotion play-off.
Stadiums and locations
TeamsLocationsStadiumsCapacity
AlavésVitoria-GasteizMendizorrotza19,840[30]
Athletic ClubBilbaoSan Mamés53,289[31]
Atlético MadridMadridWanda Metropolitano68,456[32]
BarcelonaBarcelonaCamp Nou99,354[33]
CádizCádizRamón de Carranza20,724[34]
Celta VigoVigoAbanca-Balaídos29,000[35]
EibarEibarIpurua8,164[36]
ElcheElcheMartínez Valero33,732[37]
GetafeGetafeColiseum Alfonso Pérez17,000[38]
GranadaGranadaNuevo Los Cármenes19,336[39]
HuescaHuescaEl Alcoraz7,638[40]
LevanteValenciaCiutat de València26,354[41]
OsasunaPamplonaEl Sadar18,570[42]
Real BetisSevilleBenito Villamarín60,721[43]
Real MadridMadridSantiago Bernabeu81,000
Real SociedadSan SebastiánAnoeta39,500[44]
SevillaSevilleRamón Sánchez Pizjuán43,883[45]
ValenciaValenciaMestalla55,000[46]
ValladolidValladolidJosé Zorrilla28,012[47]
VillarrealVillarrealEstadio de la Cerámica23,500[48]
La Liga clubs in Europe
Main article: Spanish football clubs in international competitions
Real Madrid against Borussia Dortmund, in the 2013 UEFA Champions League semi-final
The Primera División is currently first in the UEFA rankings of European leagues based on their performances in European competitions over a five-year period, ahead of England's Premier League, Germany's Bundesliga, and Italy's Serie A in fourth.
Real Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia have been in the top ten most successful clubs in European football in terms of total European trophies.[citation needed] These three clubs, along with Sevilla and Atlético Madrid, are five of the most successful teams in European competition history; these five are the only Spanish clubs to have won five or more international trophies. Deportivo La Coruña are the joint fifth-most participating Spanish team in the Champions League with Sevilla — after Real Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia and Atlético Madrid — with five Champions League appearances in a row, including a semifinal appearance in 2003–04.[49]
In 2005–06, Barcelona won the Champions League and Sevilla won the UEFA Cup, making La Liga the first league to do the European "double" since 1997. This feat was repeated in 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2018. On 25 August 2015, La Liga became the first league to qualify five teams for the UEFA Champions League group stage (Atlético Madrid, Barcelona, Real Madrid, Sevilla and Valencia).
Champions
Main article: List of Spanish football champions
Performance by club
Performance by individual clubs in Primera División
TeamsWinnersRunners-upWinning seasons
Real Madrid
34
23
1931–32, 1932–33, 1953–54, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1971–72, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1994–95, 1996–97, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2011–12, 2016–17, 2019–20
Barcelona
26
26
1929, 1944–45, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1973–74, 1984–85, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1997–98, 1998–99, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2012–13, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2017–18, 2018–19
Atlético Madrid
10
10
1939–40, 1940–41, 1949–50, 1950–51, 1965–66, 1969–70, 1972–73, 1976–77, 1995–96, 2013–14
Athletic Bilbao
8
7
1929–30, 1930–31, 1933–34, 1935–36, 1942–43, 1955–56, 1982–83, 1983–84
Valencia
6
6
1941–42, 1943–44, 1946–47, 1970–71, 2001–02, 2003–04
Real Sociedad
2
3
1980–81, 1981–82
Deportivo La Coruña
1
5
1999–2000
Sevilla
1
4
1945–46
Real Betis
1
0
1934–35
Performance comparison since 2010
Performance comparison of top teams since 2010.
Teams09–1010–1111–1212–1313–1414–1515–1616–1717–1818–1919–20
BAR11212112112
RMA22123221331
VAL3335841212449
ATM97531333223
SEV45995574764
ATH861012475716811
RSO-15124712961296
ESP1181413141013811720
BET--13720-101561015
VIL7418-66455145
 League champions
 Champions League
 Europa League
 Relegation
All-time La Liga table
The all-time La Liga table[50] is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in La Liga since its inception in 1929. The table is accurate as of the end of the 2019–20 season.[51] Teams in bold are part of the 2020–21 La Liga season.
All-time La Liga table
PosTeamSPtsPldWDLGFGA1st2nd3rd4th5th6thTDebutSince/
Last App
Best
1Real Madrid894616287617165765846174325534231083482192919291
2Barcelona8945242876166058563161753217262612124686192919291
3Atlético Madrid83366727281304634790469833871010169766019292002–031
4Valencia8535732778123865089045603595661013107521931–321987–881
5Athletic Bilbao89351528761245672959475838338710581049192919291
6Sevilla76300625221043559920384535121446127341934–352001–021
7Espanyol852919274097964211193720403445251619292019–203
8Real Sociedad7327282416907603906339533832325442019292010–111
9Zaragoza58210919866985227662683284714544181939–402012–132
10Real Betis54203618426484657292314266412345151932–332015–161
11Celta Vigo541916181261642677024272796245111939–402012–134
12Deportivo La Coruña46184315685694035962090226915411121941–422017–181
13Valladolid44155415424824106501831227411131948–492018–194
14Racing Santander4414161426453335638184223651121519292011–122
15Osasuna38140313564393405771543188722261935–362019–204
16Sporting Gijón4313891458471358629175321521122171944–452016–172
17Málaga3713341293395335563144518241121949–502017–184
18Mallorca28118110263422624221222143622151960–612019–203
19Oviedo3811741192408292492164219513224111933–342000–013
20Villarreal201135770312199249106194011252111998–992013–142
21Las Palmas3410421134372249513137118201111151951–522017–182
22Granada247237802341833638711203221941–422019–206
23Getafe157215701911482316537341122004–052017–185
24Rayo Vallecano1869468019715632780111581977–782018–198
25Elche2160667820318029575010221121959–602020–215
26Alavés15557494163103228571782111930–312016–176
27Levante14555516149126241580809111963–642017–186
28Hércules2053862818414929571610501451935–362010–115
29Tenerife13510494155128211619744221961–622009–105
30Murcia184455861451432986079921940–412007–0811
31Salamanca123754231231021984225811974–751998–997
32Sabadell14353426129952024927201121943–441987–884
33Cádiz123434481041272173936621977–782020–2112
34Logroñés929334696921582914891987–881996–977
35Castellón11285334103791524195881231941–421990–914
36Albacete727727076761183204101991–922004–057
37Eibar62722287159982683332014–152014–159[52]
38Almería624222862561102443662007–082014–158
39Córdoba92302828263137285430111962–632014–155
40Compostela41901605245631992411994–951997–9810
41Recreativo51881865046902022961978–792008–098
42Burgos CF61682045950952163101971–721979–8012
43Leganés41591523942711372002016–172019–2013
44Pontevedra61501805344831652211963–641969–707
45Numancia41481523737781552531999–002008–0917
46Arenas710713043216622730813419291934–353
47Real Burgos3961142644441011391990–911992–939
48Gimnàstic4911163416661812951947–482006–077
49Girona28876231934871122017–182018–199
50Extremadura28380202337621171996–971998–9917
51Mérida28180192437701151995–961997–9819
52Alcoyano4761083016621452521945–461950–5110
53Jaén371902913481211831953–541957–5814
54Real Unión456722114371531841119291931–326
55AD Almería25268171833711161979–801980–8110
56Europa34254186309713119291930–318
57Lleida24068131441701821950–511993–9416
58Xerez134388102038662009–102009–1020
59Huesca133387121943652018–192020–2119
60Condal12230781537571956–571956–5716
61Atlético Tetuán11930751851851951–521951–5216
62Cultural Leonesa11430542134651955–561955–5615
Notes
Note: Despite finishing the season in the 13th position in the 2014–15 La Liga, on 5 June, Elche was relegated to Segunda División due to its financial struggles. Newcomers Eibar, who finished the season in the 18th position, took Elche's place in the 2015–16 La Liga.
League or status for 2020–21 season
2020–21 La Liga
2020–21 Segunda División
2020–21 Segunda División B
2020–21 Tercera División
2020–21 Divisiones Regionales
Club no longer exists
Players
Eligibility of non-EU players
In La Liga, players can claim citizenship from the nation their ancestors came from. If a player does not have European ancestry, he can claim Spanish citizenship after playing in Spain for five years. Sometimes, this can lead to a triple-citizenship situation; for example, Leo Franco, who was born in Argentina, is of Italian heritage yet can claim a Spanish passport, having played in La Liga for over five years.
In addition, players from the ACP countries—countries in Africa, the Caribbean, and the Pacific that are signatories to the Cotonou Agreement—are not counted against non-EU quotas due to the Kolpak ruling.
Individual awards
Until the 2008–09 season, no official individual awards existed in La Liga. In 2008–09 season, the governing body created the LFP Awards (now called La Liga Awards), awarded each season to individual players and coaches.[53] Additional awards relating to La Liga are distributed, some not sanctioned by the Liga de Futbol Profesional or RFEF and therefore not regarded as official. The most notable of these are four awarded by Spain's largest sports paper, Marca, namely the Pichichi Trophy, awarded to the top scorer of the season; the Ricardo Zamora Trophy, for the goalkeeper with the fewest goals allowed per game (minimum 28 games); the Alfredo Di Stéfano Trophy, for the player judged to be the best overall player in the division; and the Zarra Trophy, for the top scorer among Spanish domestic players.
Since the 2013–14 season, La Liga has also bestowed the monthly manager of the month and player of the month awards.
Transfers
The first La Liga player to be involved in a transfer which broke the world record was Luis Suárez in 1961, who moved from Barcelona to Inter Milan for £152,000 (£3.4 million in 2019). 12 years later, Johan Cruyff was the first player to join a club in La Liga for a record fee of £922,000 (£11.2 million in 2019), when he moved from Ajax to Barcelona. In 1982, Barcelona again set the record by signing Diego Maradona from Boca Juniors for £5 million (£18 million in 2019).[54] Real Betis set the world record in 1998 when they signed Denílson from São Paulo for £21.5 million (£38.1 million in 2019).[55]
Four of the last six world transfer records have been set by Real Madrid, signing Luís Figo,[56]Zinedine Zidane,[57] Cristiano Ronaldo[58] (plus a deal for Kaká days before Ronaldo[59] which fell just below a world record due to the way the fee was calculated)[60] and finally Gareth Bale, who was bought in 2013 for £85.3m (€103.4m or $140m at the time; £98.5m in 2019) from Tottenham Hotspur.[61]
Brazilian forward Neymar was the subject of an expensive and complicated transfer arrangement when he joined Barcelona from Santos in 2013,[62][63] and his outgoing transfer to Paris Saint-Germain in 2017 set a new world record fee at €222m via his buyout clause.[64] Barcelona soon invested a large amount of the money received from this transfer in a replacement, Ousmane Dembélé, whose deal – €105m – was the second most expensive ever before Philippe Coutinho's transfer to Barcelona for €142m in January 2018.[65][66]
Player records
Further information: Football records and statistics in Spain
Most goals
See also: List of La Liga top scorers
As of 2 May 2021
Boldface indicates a player still active in La Liga. Italics indicates a player still active outside La Liga.
RankPlayerClub(s)Years activeGoalsAppsRatio
1Lionel MessiBarcelona2004–4725170.91
2
Cristiano Ronaldo
Real Madrid2009–20183112921.07
3
Telmo Zarra
Athletic Bilbao1940–19552512780.9
4Hugo SánchezAtlético Madrid, Real Madrid, Rayo Vallecano1981–19942343470.67
5
Raúl
Real Madrid1994–20102285500.41
6Alfredo Di StéfanoReal Madrid, Espanyol1953–19662273290.69
7
César Rodríguez
Granada, Barcelona, Cultural Leonesa, Elche1939–19552233530.63
8
Quini
Sporting Gijón, Barcelona1970–19872194480.49
9
Pahiño
Celta Vigo, Real Madrid, Deportivo La Coruña1943–19562102780.76
10
Edmundo Suárez
Valencia, Alcoyano1939–19501952310.84
Most appearances
See also: List of La Liga players
As of 25 April 2021
RankPlayerClub(s)Years activeAppsGoals
1
Andoni Zubizarreta
Athletic Bilbao, Barcelona, Valencia1981–19986220
2
Joaquín
Real Betis, Valencia, Málaga2001–2013
2015–
57676
3
Raúl
Real Madrid1994–2010550228
4
Eusebio Sacristán
Valladolid, Atlético Madrid, Barcelona, Celta Vigo1983–200254336
5
Francisco Buyo
Sevilla, Real Madrid1980–19975420
6
Manuel Sanchís
Real Madrid1983–200152332
7Lionel MessiBarcelona2004–517472
Raúl García
Osasuna, Atlético Madrid, Athletic Bilbao2004–514102
9
Iker Casillas
Real Madrid1999–20155100
10
Sergio Ramos
Sevilla, Real Madrid2003–50874
Sponsors
Sponsorship names
See also
Notes
  1. ^ Spanish: [kampeoˈnato naθjoˈnal de ˈliɣa ðe pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon]; "First Division National League Championship"
  2. ^ English: /
    ˈliːɡə
    /[1] Spanish: [la ˈliɣa]; "The League"
  3. ^ "National Professional Football League"
References
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