/ EL eye-(Y)OON
Spanish: [el (a)aˈʝun]
; Hassaniya Arabic
; Berber languages
: ⵍⵄⵢⵓⵏ, romanized: Leɛyun
; Literary Arabic
') is the largest city of the disputed territory of Western Sahara
, with a population of 217,732 in 2014, and de facto
administered by Morocco
. The modern city is thought to have been founded by the Spanish
captain Antonio de Oro
In 1940, Spain designated it as the capital of the Spanish Sahara
. Laâyoune (El Aaiún) is the capital of the Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra
region administered by Morocco, under the supervision of the UN peacekeeping mission MINURSO
The town is divided in two by the dry river of Saguia el-Hamra
. On the south side is the old lower town, constructed by Spanish colonists. A cathedral from that era is still active; its priests serve this city and Dakhla
Laâyoune or El Aaiún are respectively the French and Spanish transliterations of the Maghrebi Arabic name Layoun which means "the water springs".
The town was the scene of the Zemla Intifada
that occurred on June 17, 1970 that culminated in a massacre, resulting in the deaths ranging from 2 to 11 people.
Laayoune has a population of 217,732
and is the largest city in Western Sahara. It is a growing economic hub.
Economy and status
The city is a hub for fishing and for phosphate
mining in the region.
In 2010, the country was negotiating a new fishing agreement with Europe over offshore fishing.
There is a Spanish international school, Colegio Español La Paz
, owned by the Spanish government. It occupies a 17,000-square-metre (180,000 sq ft) property. In 2015 the parents' association, Asociación de Madres, Padres y Tutores de Alumnos del Colegio Español La Paz (AMPA), asked for the establishment of secondary education so their children would not have to go to Las Palmas
to continue their education.
On 18 December 2019, Comoros
became the first nation to open a consulate in Laayoune in support of Moroccan claims to Western Sahara.
In January 2020, Gabon
opened a consulate general in Laayoune.
Later on, São Tomé and Príncipe
the Central African Republic
, Ivory Coast
the United Arab Emirates
also opened consulates in Laayoune.
Mosque of Moulay Abd el Aziz
Avenue Makkah al-Mukarramah
Monumental arch near the airport
Road To Laayone Port, the roads are well developed.
A Royal Air Maroc At Hassan I Airport.
Laayoune bus station.
Twin towns and sister cities
- ^ a b "POPULATION LÉGALE DES RÉGIONS, PROVINCES, PRÉFECTURES, MUNICIPALITÉS, ARRONDISSEMENTS ET COMMUNES DU ROYAUME D'APRÈS LES RÉSULTATS DU RGPH 2014" (in Arabic and French). High Commission for Planning, Morocco. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- ^ "Laayoune". Lexico UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
- ^ a b "Laayoune". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
- ^ "Laâyoune". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
- ^ "el-Aaiún". Lexico UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
- ^ "El Aaiún". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
- ^ Francisco López Barrios (2005-01-23). "El Lawrence de Arabia Español" (in Spanish). El Mundo. Retrieved 2013-02-11.
- ^ "Climate: Laayoune".
- ^ a b c d "Western Sahara: Provinces & Urban Communes - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
- ^ "Diplomacy over Western Sahara: 'Morocco v Algeria'". The Economist. 4 November 2010.
- ^ Santana, Txema. "El colegio español en El Aaiún pide ciclo de secundaria" (Archive). El País. April 10, 2015. Retrieved on May 1, 2016. "Lagadaf Lahsen, presidente del AMPA del centro educativo, asegura que es “la única forma de evitar” que sus hijos “se vayan a otras ciudades de Marruecos o a Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, además de que no se pierda el español en el Sáhara”." and "[...]una instalación de 17.000 metros cuadrados que es propiedad del Estado español[...]"
- ^ "First foreign diplomatic post opens in Western Sahara". Arab News. 18 December 2019.
- ^ "Gabon Opens Consulate General in Laayoune". Sahara News. 17 January 2020.
- ^ "Sao Tome and Principe Inaugurates Consulate General in Laayoune". Morocco World News. 23 January 2020.
- ^ "Central African Republic Opens Consulate General in Laayoune". Morocco World News. 23 January 2020.
- ^ "Cote d'Ivoire Opens General Consulate in Morocco's Laayoune". Morocco World News. 18 February 2020.
- ^ "Burundi Opens General Consulate in Laayoune". Morocco World News. 28 February 2020.
- ^ "Eswatini Opens Consulate General in Laayoune, Southern Morocco". Morocco World News. 27 October 2020.
- ^ "Zambia Opens Consulate General in Morocco's Laayoune". Morocco World News. 27 October 2020.
- ^ "UAE Officially Opens Consulate General in Morocco's Laayoune". Morocco World News. 4 November 2020.
- ^ "Bahrain Opens Consulate General in Laayoune, Southern Morocco". Morocco World News. 14 December 2020.
- ^ "Renewing the twining agreement between Central Algiers and Wilaya of El Aaiun". Sahara Press Service. 2011-10-30. Archived from the original on 2012-05-01. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
- ^ Ayuntamiento de Almería (ed.). "Ciudades Hermanadas". Retrieved 2008-04-12.
- ^ "Balance del viaje realizado por representantes municipales al Sahara". Aviles.es. Archived from the original on 2012-05-29. Retrieved 2011-09-04.
- ^ Ayuntamiento de Málaga (ed.). "Official website for Malaga's candidature for European capital of culture in 2016". Archived from the original on 2009-03-22. Retrieved 2008-04-02.
- ^ "Hermanamiento de Montevideo y El Aaiún". Montevideo.gub.uy. 2009-12-13. Archived from the original on 2012-12-02. Retrieved 2011-09-04.
- ^ "El Ayuntamiento de Lorca denuncia la agresión de Marruecos contra el Pueblo Saharaui" (in Spanish). Murcia.es. 2010-11-12. Retrieved 2013-02-11.
Last edited on 16 April 2021, at 03:39
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