, also transliterated as Ladhakia Governorate
: مُحافظة اللاذقية
: Muḥāfaẓat al-Lādhiqīyah
) is one of the 14 governorates
. It is situated in western Syria, bordering Turkey
's Hatay Province
to the north, Idlib
and Hama Governorates
to the east, Tartus Governorate
to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea
to the west. Its reported area varies in different sources from 2,297 km²
to 2,437 km².
The governorate has a population of 1,008,000 (2011 estimate).
The governorate was historically part of the Alawite State
, which existed from 1920–1936.
Tartus governorate was formerly included as part of Latakia, before being split off circa 1972.
, one of Syria's most famed resorts in the Syrian Coastal Mountains
The Latakia Governorate comprises about half of Syria's Mediterranean coastline. The western part of the governorate consists mainly of coastal plains, with the inland eastern parts being mountainous, with the Syrian Coastal Mountain Range
(Nusayriyah Mountains) running north to south.
Its highest peak, Nabi Yunis, is 1,562 meters (5,125 ft) tall with the average elevation only about 1,200 meters.
The western areas of the governorate catch moisture-laden winds from the Mediterranean Sea and are thus more fertile and more heavily populated than the eastern slopes.
The Orontes River
flows north alongside the range on its eastern verge in the Al-Ghab Plain
, a 64 kilometres (40 mi) longitudinal trench
and then around the northern edge of the range to flow into the Mediterranean. Another important river is Nahr al-Kabir al-Shamali
, a river running from the Turkish border
and to the southwest to flow in the Mediterranean, with the 16 Tishreen dam, one of the most important in the region, being constructed for power generation, storage of rain and river water, and the creation of Mashqita Lake.
The following cities are the administrative centres of the districts in Latakia Governorate (Population based on 2004 official census):
The governorate is located on the Mediterranean Sea
, which gave it great economic importance, with the capital of the governorate, Latakia
serving as Syria's main port. Its port
was established on 12 February 1950.
Its imported cargo includes clothing, construction materials, vehicles, furniture, minerals, tobacco, cotton, and food supplies such as lintels, onions, wheat, barley, dates, grains and figs; in 2008, the port handled about 8 million tons of cargo.
The governorate is also a popular domestic tourist destination, with the Cote d'Azur
B=beach of Latakia being Syria's premier coastal resort, offering water skiing, jet skiing, and windsurfing.
The city contains eight hotels, two of which have five-star ratings; both the Cote d'Azur de Cham Hotel and Lé Meridien Lattiquie Hotel are located 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) north of the city, at Cote d'Azur.
The latter hotel has 274 rooms and is the only international hotel in the city.
Latakia is also host to numerous designer-label stores, notably on 8 Azar Street, and the heart of the city's shopping area is the series of blocks enclosed by 8 Azar Street, Yarmouk Street, and Saad Zaghloul Street in the city centre. Cinemas
in Latakia include Ugarit Cinema, al-Kindi, and a smaller theater off al-Moutanabbi Street.
As per the 2004 Syrian census the population was 879,550.
A 2011 UNOCHA
estimate put the population at 1,008,000, though this has likely changed since the start of the war.
The primary languages of the province are Arabic
(Syrian Turkmen dialects
). Arabic is spoken in all district centres of the governorate and most, if not all towns and villages surrounding them, with the North Levantine
dialect mostly used. An exception is Kessab
, a historically Armenian-populated town where Armenian is the primary language in it and the surrounding villages such as Sev Aghpyur, Esguran and Duzaghaj,
and the Turkmen Mountain
where Turcoman is spoken primarily, though many Turkmen have fled the area since the start of the civil war.
Map of Latakia governorate
Mountains near Beit Yashout
Ruins of Ugarit
Armenian church in Kessab
Countryside near Mushayrafet al-Samouk
Sunbathers on the Latakian Cote d'Azur
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- ^ a b c "Syria Provinces". www.statoids.com.
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- ^ Leith Fadel. "Syrian Army Advances North Towards the Turkish Border in Latakia: 3 Villages Captuted". Al-Masdar News. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
- ^ "Foreign jihadists advertise role in Latakia fighting". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
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- ^ "المراقبة والإدارة البیئیة لنھر الكبیر الشمالي" (PDF) (in Arabic).
- ^ Latakia city population Archived 2013-03-17 at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "Latakia Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
- ^ "Klimatafel von Lattakia / Syrien" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
- ^ "Station Lattakia" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
- ^ "حول مرفأ اللاذقية - مرفأ اللاذقية". www.lattakiaport.gov.sy.
- ^ Mannheim, Ivan (2001). Syria & Lebanon Handbook: The Travel Guide. Footprint Travel Guides. p. 292. ISBN 978-1-900949-90-3.
- ^ Syrian Arab Republic - Governorates profile(PDF), UNOCHA, June 2014, retrieved 20 March 2020
- ^ Hussain Ibrahim Qutrib (2016), "Useful Syria" and Demographic Changes in Syria (PDF), King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies, retrieved 20 March 2020
- ^ Mannheim, Ivan (2001). Syria and Lebanon Handbook: The Travel Guide. Footprint Travel Guides. p. 299. ISBN 1-900949-90-3.
- ^ "The regime forces the last remaining Turkmen Families to leave to Turkey". Enab Baladi. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
Last edited on 28 February 2021, at 00:48
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