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Law enforcement in Jordan
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Law enforcement in Jordan is the purview of the "Public Security Force" (includes approximately 50,000 persons),[1] the Jordanian national police, which is subordinate to the Public Security Directorate of the Ministry of Interior.
An Amman City Centre Police Vehicle
Accident investigation vehicle
External roads patrol vehicle
A police vehicle of the Capital Governorate, equivalent to State Police in the US
A Border Patrol police vehicle
A female police officer in Amman
traffic police officers in Amman
History
The first police force in the Jordanian state, after the fall of the Ottoman Empire was organized on 11 April 1921. Ali Khulqi Pasha Alsharairi was appointed as the first commander of the security force and as a National Security Counsellor (minister) in the first Transjordan government. The first security force was composed of the Gendarmerie Battalion, and the Gendarmerie regiment, the reservist regiment, the regulars, and the desert patrol force.
Until 1956 the police duties were carried totally by the Arab Legion and the Transjordan Frontier Force, after that year the Public Safety Department was established.[2]
Organization
See also: Public Security Directorate
Headquartered in Amman, national police headquarters has responsibility for police, security, and law enforcement activities for the entire country. The police is headed by the General Director of Public Security, Traditionally a senior Jordanian Army general, who then reports to the Minister of Interior. Below the central headquarters there are ten regional directorates. Eight of which correspond to the governorates called muhafathat, and one covered Amman and its suburbs. The desert region was a separate directorate and was patrolled by the Desert Police Force.
The operations of the Public Security Force are divided into three major functions:
Additionally, there are three major structural divisions for the police force:
The Special Security Forces (SSF) used to be separate and elite branch of the Public Security Directorate (PSD) that focused primarily on combating terrorism. It has been taken from the PSD and has become a separate law enforcement agency in Jordan known as "Daraq" which roughly translates to Gendarmerie. This organization is responsible for riot control, direct action/tactical missions, securing foreign diplomatic missions and their diplomats. Daraq is more of a static security force than a traditional law enforcement entity.
Additionally, the General Intelligence Department (GID), generally known as the Mukhabarat from the Arabic name Dairat al Mukhabarat, which reports directly to the king and is responsible for domestic and international security, espionage, and counterterrorist operations.
Vehicles
Vehicle's NameTypePicture
Audi A6Cruiser
Ford Crown VictoriaCruiser, Patrol Car
Kia CeratoCruiser
Chevrolet TrailBlazerPatrol
Volkswagen Transporter (T5)Police van
Women
Jordan was the first Arab country to recruit women to its police, and opened a women's police academy in Amman in 1972. Before being assigned to positions in law enforcement, the women recruits completed a four-month classroom course followed by one month of practical training in the field. Assignment opportunities expanded steadily after the program began. Women served primarily in the police laboratory, in budgeting and accounting, public relations, licensing, and in prison operations. Some also served in street patrols and traffic control in Amman and in border security.
Uniforms
Ranks and insignia of the Police are identical with those of the army.
Police uniforms are either dark blue military style fatigues, or a light blue shirt and dark blue slacks with either a blue beret (enlisted) or red and blue garrison cap (officers).
The Royal Bedouin Police (also known as the Desert Police Force and a division of the national police) wear an olive drab uniform lighter in shade than that of the army but otherwise similar.
The Desert Police Force retained their traditional Arab garb.
References
  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-06-16. Retrieved 2009-06-01.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2010-08-06.
External links
Last edited on 28 August 2020, at 06:31
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