Criticism of capitalism and globalization is linked to antimilitarism
, which has increased in left populist movements as a result of unpopular United States military operations, especially those in the Middle East.
It is considered that the populist left does not exclude others horizontally and relies on egalitarian
Some scholars point out nationalist
left-wing populist movements as well, a feature exhibited by Kemalism
for instance or the Bolivarian Revolution
Unlike exclusionary or right-wing populism
, left-wing populist parties tend to be supportive of minority rights
and to an idea of nationality that is not delimited by cultural or ethnic particularisms.
The Party of Democratic Socialism
was explicitly studied under left-wing populism, especially by German academics.
The party was formed after the reunification of Germany
and it was similar to right-wing populists
in that it relied on anti-elitism and media attention provided by a charismatic leadership.
The party competed for the same voter base with the right-wing populists to some extent, although it relied on a more serious platform in Eastern Germany. This was limited by anti-immigration sentiments preferred by some voters, although the lines were for example crossed by Oskar Lafontaine
, who used a term previously associated with the Nazi Party
("foreign workers"), in his election campaign in 2005.
The PDS merged into the Left Party
, which became the largest party since January 2015 elections
, has been described as a left-wing populist party after their platform incorporated most demands of the popular movements in Greece during the government-debt crisis
. Populist traits in Syriza's platform include growing importance of "the People" in their rhetoric and "us/the people against them/the establishment" antagonism in campaigning. On immigration and LGBT rights
, Syriza is inclusionary. Syriza itself does not accept the label "populist".
The Italian Five Star Movement
(M5S), which became the largest party in the 2018 general election
, has been often described as a big tent
but sometimes also as a left-wing populist movement;
in fact the "five stars", which are a reference to five key issues for the party, are public water
, sustainable transport
, sustainable development
, right to Internet access
, and environmentalism
, typical proposals of left-wing populist parties.
However, despite its background in left wing politics, the M5S has often expressed right wing views on immigration.
The Socialist Party
has run a left-wing populist platform after dropping its communist
course in 1991.
Although some have pointed out that the party has become less populist over the years, it still includes anti-elitism in its recent election manifestos.
It opposes what it sees as the European superstate
South American countries
The presidency of Hugo Chávez
resembled a combination of folk wisdom and charismatic leadership with doctrinaire socialism.
Chávez's government was also described to have been a "throwback" to populist nationalism and redistributivism.
Huey Long, the fiery Great Depression-era Governor-turned-Senator of Louisiana, was an early example of left wing populism in the United States, advocating for wealth redistribution under his Share Our Wealth plan. Meanwhile, Bernie Sanders
and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
, self-described democratic socialists
, are example of modern left-wing populist politicians.
Ocazio-Cortez's Democratic primary victory over the establishment Democratic Caucus Chair Joe Crowley, a 10-term incumbent, was widely seen as the biggest upset victory in the 2018 midterm election primaries. Ocasio-Cortez was described by The Nation magazine as a "new rock star" who was "storming the country on behalf of insurgent populists."
Left-wing populist political parties
Current left-wing populist parties or parties with left-wing populist factions
Represented in national legislatures
- Argentina – Frente de Todos
- Australia – Australian Greens
- Austria – JETZT – Pilz List
- Bulgaria – Bulgarian Socialist Party
- Bosnia – Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (factions)
- Bolivia – Movement for Socialism
- Brazil – Workers' Party, Communist Party of Brazil, Socialism and Liberty Party
- Chile – Broad Front
- Colombia - Alternative Democratic Pole, Colombia Humana
- Cyprus – Citizens' Alliance, Progressive Party of Working People
- Czech Republic – Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia Party of Civic Rights
- Denmark – Inuit Ataqatigiit, Red–Green Alliance, Republic, Socialist People's Party
- Dominican Republic – Dominican Liberation Party
- Ecuador – Citizen Revolution Movement
- Europe – Party of the European Left, European United Left–Nordic Green Left
- France – Left Front, Left Party, La France insoumise
- Germany – The Left
- Greece – Syriza
- Haiti - Platfòm Pitit Desalin
- Honduras – Libertad y Refundación (Libre)
- Indonesia – Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle
- Ireland, Northern Ireland – Sinn Féin
- Italy – Democratic Party (factions),Five Star Movement (factions)
- Japan – Reiwa Shinsengumi
- Luxembourg – The Left
- Mexico - National Regeneration Movement
- Netherlands – Socialist Party
- Nicaragua - Sandinista National Liberation Front
- Norway – Red Party[better source needed]
- Paraguay – Guasú Front
- Peru — Free Peru
- Portugal – Left Bloc
- Romania – Social Democratic Party
- Russia – A Just Russia, Communist Party of the Russian Federation (factions)
- San Marino – United Left, Active Citizenship
- Serbia – Socialist Party of Serbia, Movement of Socialists
- Slovakia – Direction – Social Democracy
- South Africa – Economic Freedom Fighters
- Spain – Podemos, Más País, United Left
- Sweden – Left Party[better source needed]
- Taiwan – New Power Party, Taiwan Solidarity Union
- Turkey – Peoples' Democratic Party
- United Kingdom – Labour Party (factions)
- United States – Democratic Party (factions), Democratic Socialists of America
- Venezuela – United Socialist Party of Venezuela
- Zimbabwe – ZANU–PF
Not represented in national legislatures
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Last edited on 26 April 2021, at 02:07
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