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Liberal International
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Liberal International (LI) is the political international federation for liberal political parties. It was founded in Oxford in 1947, and has become the pre-eminent network for liberal parties and for the strengthening of liberalism around the world. Its headquarters are at 1 Whitehall Place, London, SW1A 2HD within the National Liberal Club. The Oxford Manifesto describes the basic political principles of the Liberal International.
Liberal International

Headquarters of Liberal International, London
AbbreviationLibintern
FormationApril 1947, constituted with the Oxford Manifesto
TypeFederation
PurposeWorld federation of liberal political parties and organisations
HeadquartersNational Liberal Club
Location
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
106 political parties (as of December 2018)
President
Hakima El Haite
Main organ
Congress of Liberal International
Website
liberal-international.org
Aims
The Liberal International Constitution (2005) gives its purposes as
to win general acceptance of Liberal principles which are international in their nature throughout the world, and to foster the growth of a free society based on personal liberty, personal responsibility and social justice, and to provide the means of co-operation and interchange of information between the member organisations, and between men and women of all countries who accept these principles.
The principles that unite member parties from Africa, America, Asia and Europe are respect for human rights, free and fair elections and multi-party democracy, social justice, tolerance, market economy, free trade, environmental sustainability and a strong sense of international solidarity.
The aims of Liberal International are also set out in a series of seven manifestos, written between 1946 and 1997, and are furthered by a variety of bodies including a near yearly conference for liberal parties and individuals from around the world.[1]
Bureau
The bureau[2] of Liberal International is elected every 18 months by the delegates of the congress.
The 14th president of Liberal International is Hakima el Haite of the Mouvement Populaire (Morocco), is former a Minister of Environment, UN climate champion, and climate scientist. Madam El Haite succeeded Dr Juli Minoves, formerly Andorra's foreign minister and representative to the United Nations.
Former Presidents include Hans Van Baalen MEP, John, Lord Alderdice, Dutch politician and former European Commissioner Frits Bolkestein, German politician Otto Graf Lambsdorff, and Spain's first democratically elected prime minister after Francoist Spain, Adolfo Suárez.
Other members of the bureau include Deputy President Prof. Karl-Heinz Paque, and Vice Presidents Cellou Dalein Diallo [Guinea]; Kitty Monterrey [Nicaragua]; Abir al-Sahlani [Sweden]; Kiat Sittheamorn [Thailand]; and Robert Woodthorpe Browne MBE [United Kingdom]. There are two elected treasurers, Judith Pallares MP [Andorra] and Minister Omar Youm [Senegal]. The secretary general is Gordon Mackay, a former Member of Parliament from South Africa.
Awards
Liberal International awards prizes to worthy individuals in the fields of human rights and liberalism.
Prize for Freedom:
The Liberal International Prize for Freedom is LI's most prestigious human rights award. Conveyed annually since 1984 to an individual of liberal conviction who has made outstanding efforts for the defence of freedom and human rights, recipients include Maria Corina Machado [Venezuela], Senator Leila de Lima [Philippines], Raif Badawi [Saudi Arabia], Waris Dirie [Somalia], and Vaclav Havel [Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic].
Medal of Liberalism:
The Liberal International Medal of Liberalism is awarded to individuals who have worked to advance liberal values on a local, national and international level. Recipients include President Alassane Ouattara [Côte d'Ivoire]; Prime Minister Xavier Bettel [Luxembourg]; President Tsai, Ing-wen [Republic of China]; Sir Graham Watson [United Kingdom].
Publications
The LI Human Rights Bulletin is published three times per year and consists of opinion articles, video interviews and digest of the work of the LI human rights committee.
Thematic publications are published online and in print on an ad hoc basis. Recent texts have offered a liberal perspective on issues ranging from freedom of belief to the responsibility to protect. ʒ
Oxford Manifesto
The Oxford Manifesto, drawn up in April 1947 at Wadham College in Oxford by representatives from 19 liberal political parties, led by Salvador de Madariaga, is a document describing the basic political principles of the Liberal International.[3]
The Oxford Manifesto was inspired by the ideas of William Beveridge[citation needed] and is regarded as one of the defining political documents of the 20 century.[citation needed]
Fifty years on, in 1997, Liberal International returned to Oxford and issued a supplement to the original manifesto, The Liberal Agenda for the 21st century, describing Liberal policies in greater detail. The second Oxford Manifesto was adopted by the 48th Congress of Liberal International, which was held on 27–30 November 1997 in the Oxford Town Hall.[4] In 2017, the global federation marked its 70th anniversary with the adoption of the Andorra Liberal Manifesto for the twenty-first century (ALM). A three-year project across numerous continents initiated by then president Juli Minoves, the ALM embodied the widest consultation of views undertaken by Liberal International in order to compile a policy document.[5]
Organisation
Presidents
PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
CountryPresidencyMembership
1
Salvador de Madariaga
(1886–1978)
 United Kingdom
 Spain(exiled)
20 April 194818 April 1952Association
Mont Pelerin Society
2
Roger Motz
(1904–1964)
 Belgium
18 April 195220 April 1958Liberal Party
3
Giovanni Malagodi
(1904–1991)
 Italy
20 April 195815 April 1966Italian Liberal Party
4
Edzo Toxopeus
(1918–2009)
 Netherlands
15 April 196625 April 1970People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
5
Gaston Thorn
(1928–2007)
 Luxembourg25 April 197018 April 1982Democratic Party
(3)
Giovanni Malagodi
(1904–1991)
 Italy
18 April 198226 April 1989Italian Liberal Party
6
Adolfo Suárez
(1932–2014)
 Spain
26 April 198922 April 1992Democratic and Social Centre
7
Otto Graf Lambsdorff
(1926–2009)
 Germany22 April 199225 April 1994Free Democratic Party
8
David Steel
(1938–)
 United Kingdom25 April 199415 April 1996Liberal Democrats
9
Frits Bolkestein
(1933–)
 Netherlands
15 April 199618 April 2000People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
10
Annemie Neyts-Uyttebroeck
(1944–)
 Belgium
18 April 200025 April 2005Open Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten
11
John Alderdice
(1955–)
 United Kingdom25 April 200520 April 2009Liberal Democrats
and
Alliance Party of Northern Ireland
12
Hans van Baalen
(1960–2021)
 Netherlands
20 April 200926 April 2014People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
13
Juli Minoves
(1969–)
 Andorra
26 April 201430 November 2018Liberal Party of Andorra
14
Hakima El Haite
(1963–)
 Morocco
30 November 2018IncumbentPopular Movement
Members
Incumbent heads of state and government
Full members
CountryNameGovernment
 Andorra
Liberal Party of Andorra[6]junior party in government coalition
 Belgium
Reform Movement[6]in government coalition
Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats[6]in government coalition
 BulgariaMovement for Rights and Freedomsin opposition
 Burkina Faso
Alliance for Democracy and Federation – African Democratic Rallyin opposition
 BurundiAlliance démocratique pour le renouveau [fr]in opposition
 Cambodia
Cambodia National Rescue Movementextraparliamentary opposition
 CanadaLiberal Party of Canada[7][8]in government
 Chile
Liberal Party of Chilein opposition
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
Alliance pour le renouveau au Congo [fr]in opposition
 Côte d'Ivoire
Rally of the Republicansin government
 CroatiaIstrian Democratic Assemblyin opposition
 CubaCuban Liberal Unionin exile
Democratic Solidarity Partyin opposition
National Liberal Partyin opposition
 Denmark
Danish Social Liberal Partysupport party to government
Liberal Partyin opposition
 Estonia
Estonian Reform Partysenior party in government coalition
 EU
ALDE GroupN/A
ALDE PartyN/A
 FinlandCentre Partyjunior party in government coalition
Swedish People's Partyjunior party in government coalition
 Georgia
Republican Party of Georgiain opposition
 GermanyGerman Group of the LIN/A
Free Democratic Partyin opposition
 GibraltarLiberal Party[6]junior party in government coalition
 Guinea
Union of Democratic Forces of Guineain opposition
Union of Republican Forcesin opposition
 HondurasLiberal Partyin opposition
 Iceland
Progressive Partyjunior party in government coalition
 IrelandFianna Fáil[6]senior party in government coalition
 Israel
Israeli Liberal GroupN/A
 Kenya
Orange Democratic Movementin opposition
 Kosovo
Independent Liberal Partyin opposition
 Lebanon
Future Movementsenior party in government coalition
 LuxembourgDemocratic Partysenior party in government coalition
 Madagascar
Movement for the Progress of Madagascarin opposition
 MexicoNew Alliance Partyin opposition
 MongoliaCivil Will-Green Partyextraparliamentary opposition
 MontenegroLiberal Party of Montenegrojunior party in government coalition
 Morocco
Constitutional Unionin opposition
Popular Movementjunior party in government coalition
 Netherlands
Democrats 66junior party in government coalition
Dutch Group of LIN/A
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy[9]senior party in government coalition
 NicaraguaCiudadanos por la Libertadin opposition
 North MacedoniaLiberal Democratic Partyjunior party in government coalition
 Norway
Liberal Partyjunior party in government coalition
 ParaguayAuthentic Radical Liberal Partyin opposition
 PhilippinesLiberal Partyin opposition
 Russia
Yablokoextraparliamentary opposition
 Senegal
Alliance pour la Républiquein government
Rewmi [fr]junior party in government coalition
Senegalese Democratic Partyin opposition
 SloveniaModern Centre Partyjunior party in government coalition
 Somalia
CAHDI Partyin opposition
 South Africa
Democratic Alliancein opposition
 Spain
Democràcia i LlibertatN/A
 SwedenLiberalssupport party to government
Centre Partysupport party to government
  Switzerland
FDP.The Liberalsparty in government coalition
 Taiwan (Republic of China)
Democratic Progressive Partyin government
 Tanzania
Civic United Frontin opposition / in coalition in autonomous region of Zanzibar
 Thailand
Democrat Partyin government coalition
 United KingdomAlliance Party of Northern Irelandin coalition government in Northern Irish Assembly, in opposition at national level
Liberal International British GroupN/A
Liberal Democratsjunior member in coalition government in the Welsh Parliament, in opposition at national level
WorldwideInternational Federation of Liberal YouthN/A
International Network of Liberal WomenN/A
Observer parties
CountryNameGovernment
 Austria
NEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forumin opposition
 Brazil
Brazilian Group of Liberal InternationalN/A
 Burkina Faso
Union pour le Progrès et le Changementin opposition
 ComorosAlliance Nationale pour les Comoresextraparliamentary opposition
 Democratic Republic of the Congo
Union pour la reconstruction du Congo [fr]in opposition
 Republic of the Congo
Union des Democrates Humanistes (UDH-YUKI)N/A
 Cyprus
United Democratsextraparliamentary opposition
 Ghana
Progressive People's Partyin opposition
 Italy
Italian Group of Liberal InternationalN/A
 Madagascar
Arche de la Nationin opposition
 MalaysiaParti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysiain opposition
People's Justice Partyin opposition
 Mali
Citizens' Party for the Renewal of Maliextraparliamentary opposition
Union pour la République et la Démocratie (URD)N/A
 Mauritania
Rally for Mauritaniain opposition
 MoldovaLiberal Reformist Partyextraparliamentary opposition
 Romania
Alliance of Liberals and Democratsextraparliamentary opposition
 Singapore
Singapore Democratic Partyextraparliamentary opposition
Individual member
CountryNameGovernment
 Hong Kong
Mr Martin Lee – founding chairman of Democratic Partyin opposition
Cooperating organizations
Cooperating and regional organisations are groups with a recognised status in the constitution of Liberal International as bodies that share the values and objectives of LI but do not operate as a political party. Co-operating organisations have the right of representation but in no case the right to vote at statutory events.
OrganizationRegion
Africa Liberal NetworkAfrica
Council of Asian Liberals and DemocratsAsia
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (ALDE-PACE)Europe
Friedrich Naumann Stiftung
Fondazione Libro Aperto
Fondazione Luigi Einaudi
Neue Zürcher Zeitung
Swedish International Liberal Centre
Red Liberal de América LatinaLatin America
Arab Liberal FederationMENA
National Democratic InstituteNorth America
Liberal think tanks and foundations
The International is also in a loose association with the following organisations:
OrganizationCountry
Centre Jean GolBelgium
Fondazione Luigi EinaudiItaly
Fondazione Critica Liberale
Liberales InstitutGermany
TeldersstichtingNetherlands
The Bertil Ohlin InstituteSweden
Education Policy InstituteUnited Kingdom
European Liberal ForumEurope
See also
References
  1. ^ "Constitution – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Archived from the original on 25 November 2010. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
  2. ^ "Bureau Members". Liberal International. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Oxford Manifesto 1947 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
  4. ^ "Oxford Manifesto 1997 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. 30 November 1997. Archived from the original on 7 February 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
  5. ^ "Andorra Liberal Manifesto - 2017". Liberal International. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Europe - Liberal International". Liberal International. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Liberal Party of Canada Welcomes Liberal International to 2009 Convention". Liberal Party of Canada. 6 March 2009. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  8. ^ "North America - Liberal International". Liberal International. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  9. ^ "VVD is a member of LI". Archived from the original on 28 September 2011.
External links
Last edited on 14 June 2021, at 22:18
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