Liberation of Khorramshahr
Following its capture, the Iranian city of Khorramshahr
remained under Iraqi control until April 1982, when the Iranians launched Operation Beit ol-Moqaddas
to recapture the province of Khuzestan
. The first assault (from 24 April to 12 May 1982) consisted of approximately 70,000 Iranian Army
troops and Revolutionary Guards
that succeeded in pushing the Iraqi forces out of the Ahvaz
area while sustaining heavy casualties. The Iraqis withdrew to Khorramshahr and, on 20 May, launched a heavy but unsuccessful counterattack against the Iranians. An all-out assault on Khorramshahr was then launched by Iran, which captured two Iraqi defense lines in the Pol-e Now
region. The Iranians gathered near the Shatt al-Arab
(known as the Arvand Rud
in Iran) waterway, surrounded the city and began a second siege; the Iranians finally recaptured the city on 24 May 1982 after two days of intense fighting and heavy losses.
Aftermath and legacy
banknote of Iran, depicting Iranian forces after the liberation of Khorramshahr.
In retaking the city, the Iranians captured approximately 19,000 soldiers from a now-demoralized Iraqi Army
. Saddam Hussein
was shocked and infuriated by the defeat at Khorramshahr and at the fact that the Iranians had pushed on despite sustaining heavy casualties. The Iranians had even been forced to commit their reserves
in order to keep on driving back the Iraqis. After the defeat at Khorramshahr, Saddam Hussein executed several of his top generals, such as the commander of the 9th Armoured Division
The anniversary of the Liberation of Khorramshahr is observed in Iran annually.
In popular culture
The Liberation of Khorramshahr is a subject of some war time films such as the Pasdaran Army Television Unit's recapturing Khorramshahr in 1983, Another Growth by Homayun Purmand in 1982, Forty witnesses and the second narrative:
liberation of Khorramshahr by Kiumarth Monazzah.
A popular sad Persian song, "Mammad Naboodi" (ممد نبودی
, meaning "Mammad [colloquial variant of Mohammad], you were not there [to see the city has been liberated]") by Gholam Koveitipoor is about Mohammad Jahanara, the Pasdaran
commander who was one of the last few Iranians to leave Khorramshahr when it fell to the Iraqis
. He went on to fight in the Siege of Abadan
and lead Iranian forces to recapture Khorramshahr, but he died on May 24, in a plane crash, before the eventual liberation of the city.
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Last edited on 16 May 2021, at 17:02
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