and similar) is a three-star military
rank (NATO code OF-9) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages
, where the title of lieutenant general was held by the second in command
on the battlefield, who was normally subordinate to a captain general
In modern armies, lieutenant general normally ranks immediately below general
and above major general
; it is equivalent to the navy rank of vice admiral
, and in air forces with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to air marshal
. A lieutenant general commands an army corps
, made up of typically three army divisions
, and consisting of around 60,000–70,000 soldiers (U.S.).
The seeming incongruity that a lieutenant general outranks a major general (whereas a major
outranks a lieutenant
) is due to the derivation of the former rank from sergeant major general
, which was also subordinate to lieutenant general. In some countries (e.g. France and Italy), the ranks of corps general
or lieutenant colonel general
are used instead of lieutenant general, in an attempt to solve this apparent anomaly – these ranks are often translated into English as lieutenant general.
However, some countries of Latin America such as Brazil and Chile use divisional general
as the equivalent of lieutenant general. In addition, because no brigadier general rank is used in Japan and Taiwan, lieutenant general is the rank of divisional commander. Therefore, it corresponds to divisional general of these countries. In a number of smaller states which employ NATO and western style military organizational structures, because of the limited number of soldiers in their armies, the rank of lieutenant general is the highest army rank in use. In Latvia, Lithuania and Singapore, the chief of defence is a lieutenant general, and in the Irish Defence Forces
and Israel Defense Forces
, the Chief of Staff holds this rank.
Lieutenant general ranks by country
Air force ranks
Lieutenant general equivalent ranks
Other Lieutenant general ranks
Last edited on 4 May 2021, at 18:27
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