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List of Guano Island claims
The United States claimed a number of islands as insular areas under the Guano Islands Act of 1856. Only the eight administered as the US Minor Islands and the ones which are part of Hawaii and American Samoa remain under the jurisdiction of the United States. Any other unresolved claims if they exist are dormant, and have not been contested by the United States in many years with the exception of Navassa.
Table
IslandRegionAlternate nameCoordinatesCurrent statusResolution of U.S. claim[1]
Alto Velo IslandCaribbeanIsla Alto Velo
17°28′42″N​71°38′05″W
Dominican RepublicDormant (see Alto Velo Claim)
AtafuOceaniaDuke of York Group
8°33′06″S​172°30′03″W
TokelauTreaty of Tokehega
Bajo Nuevo BankCaribbeanPetrel Islands
15°53′N78°38′W
DisputedRemains in place as an unincorporated territory.
De facto administered by Colombia, and also claimed by Jamaica and Nicaragua.
Baker IslandOceaniaNew Nantucket
0°11′41″N​176°28′46″W
US Minor IslandsUnincorporated territory
Birnie IslandOceania
3°35′S171°33′W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
ButaritariOceaniaMakin Atoll, Makin Island, Touching Island
3°10′04″N​172°49′33″E
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
Caroline IslandOceaniaMillennium Island
9°56′13.13″S​150°12′41.40″W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
Carondelet ReefOceania
5°34′S173°51′W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
Clipperton IslandPacific OceanPassion Island
10°18′N109°13′W
FranceOriginal treaty between Mexico and France. Also claimed by Mexico.
Ducie IslandOceania
24°40′09″S​124°47′11″W
British TerritoryDormant. Administered by Pitcairn Islands.
Enderbury IslandOceaniaGuano Island
3°08′S171°05′W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
FakaofoOceaniaBowditch Island
9°21′55″S​171°12′54″W
TokelauTreaty of Tokehega
Flint IslandOceania
11°25′48″S​151°49′9″W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
French Frigate ShoalsOceaniaKānemilohaʻi
23°44′56″N​166°8′46″W
HawaiiAssumed sole competing claim through annexation of Hawaii
(1898); included in State of Hawaii (1959).
FunafutiOceania
8°31′S179°13′E
TuvaluTuvalu-US Treaty of 1983
Howland IslandOceaniaWorth Island
0°48′07″N​176°38′3″W
US Minor IslandsUnincorporated territory
Isla de AvesCaribbeanIsla de Aves
15°40′18″N​63°36′59″W
VenezuelaUnited States–Venezuela Maritime Boundary Treaty
Îles du ConnétableAtlantic OceanConstable Islands
4°49′25″N​51°56′11″W
FranceRescinded. Administered by French Guiana.
Jarvis IslandOceaniaBunker Island
0°22′S160°01′W
US Minor IslandsUnincorporated territory
Johnston AtollOceania
16°44′13″N​169°31′26″W
US Minor IslandsUnincorporated territory
Kanton IslandOceaniaCanton Island
2°50′S171°40′W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
Kingman ReefOceaniaDanger Rock
6°24′N162°24′W
US Minor IslandsUnincorporated territory
KiritimatiOceaniaChristmas Island
1°52′N157°24′W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
Lacepede IslandsOceaniaLacapade [sic] Islands
16°51′55″S​122°08′12″E
AustraliaClaim made on 26 June 1876; repudiated by US government in 1877.
Makin (atoll)OceaniaLittle Makin
3°23′00″N​173°00′00″E
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
Malden IslandOceaniaIndependence Island
4°01′S154°56′W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
ManihikiOceaniaIsland of Pearls
10°24′S161°00′W
Cook IslandsCook Islands–United States Maritime Boundary Treaty
ManraOceaniaSydney Island
4°27′S171°16′W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
McKean IslandOceaniaWigram Island
3°35′S174°02′W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
Midway AtollOceaniaMiddlebrook Islands
28°12′N177°21′W
US Minor IslandsUnincorporated territory
Minami-Tori-shimaOceaniaMarcus Island
24°18′N153°58′E
JapanReturned to Japan in 1968 after it had been given to US by Treaty of San Francisco
Navassa IslandCaribbeanNavaza
18°24′10″N​75°0′45″W
US Minor IslandsUnincorporated territory. Also claimed by Haiti.
NikumaroroOceaniaGardner Island
4°40′S174°31′W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
NiulakitaOceaniaSophia Island
10°45′S179°30′E
TuvaluTuvalu-US Treaty of 1983
NukufetauOceania
8°00′S178°30′E
TuvaluTuvalu-US Treaty of 1983
NukulaelaeOceania
9°22′52″S​179°51′08″E
TuvaluTuvalu-US Treaty of 1983
NukunonuOceaniaDuke of Clarence Island
9°10′06″S​171°48′35″W
TokelauTreaty of Tokehega
OronaOceaniaHull Island
4°30′S172°10′W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
Palmyra AtollOceania
5°53′N 162°5′W
US Minor IslandsIncorporated territory.[2] U.S. assumed sole competing claim through annexation of Hawaii (1898), but not included in State of Hawaii (1959).
Penrhyn IslandOceaniaTongareva
9°00′20″S​157°58′10″W
Cook IslandsCook Islands–United States Maritime Boundary Treaty
PukapukaOceaniaSan Bernardo Island
10°53′S165°40′W
Cook IslandsCook Islands–United States Maritime Boundary Treaty
Quita Sueño BankCaribbeanQuitasueño
14°19′N81°10′W
ColombiaVasquez-Saccio Treaty of 1981
RakahangaOceaniaGrand Duke Alexander Island
10°02′S161°05′W
Cook IslandsCook Islands–United States Maritime Boundary Treaty
Rawaki IslandOceaniaPhoenix Island
3°42′40″S​170°42′43″W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
Roncador BankCaribbean
13°34′N80°05′W
ColombiaVasquez-Saccio Treaty of 1981
Rosalind BankCaribbeanRosa Linda Bank
16°26′N80°31′W
DisputedMultiple nations claim this submerged bank as a part of their EEZs.
The Colombia-US Vasquez-Saccio Treaty of 1981 is silent on the matter.
Administered by Colombia, and claimed by Nicaragua, Honduras, the United States, and Jamaica.
Scorpion ReefGulf of MexicoArrecife Alacranes (Isla Pérez, Isla Chica, Isla Pájaros)
22°24′N89°42′W
MexicoAbandoned claim in 1894[3]
Serrana BankCaribbean
14°20′N80°20′W
ColombiaVasquez-Saccio Treaty of 1981
Serranilla BankCaribbean
15°50′N79°50′W
DisputedRemains in place as an unincorporated territory. Colombia and Jamaica agreed to a condominium of Serranilla's exclusive economic zone; Nicaragua also lays claim.
Starbuck IslandOceaniaVolunteer Island
5°37′S155°56′W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
Swains Island[4]OceaniaOlohega, Olosega, Quirós, Isla de la Gente Hermosa, Jennings Island
11°03′20″S​171°04′40″W
American SamoaTreaty of Tokehega
Swan IslandsCaribbeanIslas Santanilla
17°24′38″N​83°55′19″W
HondurasHonduras-US Treaty of 1972
TabuaeranOceaniaFanning Island
3°51′36″N​159°21′52″W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
TerainaOceaniaWashington Island
4°41′00″N​160°22′40″W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
Triángulo OesteGulf of MexicoWest Triangle
20°57′N92°14′W
MexicoAbandoned claim in 1895
Vostok IslandOceaniaStaver Island
10°06′S152°23′W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
Winslow ReefOceania
1°36′S174°57′W
KiribatiTreaty of Tarawa
Images
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML
See also
References
  1. ^ "Formerly Disputed Islands". Office of Insular Affairs. 2007-01-11. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
  2. ^ "History: Under the American Flag". Office of Insular Affairs. 2006-01-30. Archived from the original on 2012-01-11. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
  3. ^ Magoon, Charles E. (1900). Report on the Legal Status of the Territory and Inhabitants of the Islands Acquired by the United States During the War with Spain. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 16.
  4. ^ Page 213, in Jimmy M. Skaggs (1994), The Great Guano Rush: Entrepreneurs and American Overseas Expansion. ISBN 978-0-312-10316-3.
Further reading
Last edited on 4 May 2021, at 06:57
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