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List of presidents of Egypt
  (Redirected from List of Presidents of Egypt)
The office of President of Egypt was established in 1953. The president is the head of state of Egypt and the Supreme Commander of the Egyptian Armed Forces. The current president is Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, who has effectively controlled the country since the 2013 coup d'état, and was officially elected president in 2014.
Current Presidential Standard of Egypt (left, 1984–present) and former Presidential Standard (right, 1972–1984)
Background
The first president of Egypt was Mohamed Naguib, one of the leaders of the Free Officers Movement who led the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and who took office on 18 June 1953, the day on which Egypt was declared a Republic. Since then the office has been held by five further people: Gamal Abdel Nasser, Anwar Sadat, Hosni Mubarak, Mohamed Morsi and Abdel Fattah el-Sisi. In addition, Sufi Abu Taleb acted as president between Sadat's assassination and the election of his successor, and Adly Mansour acted as president after Morsi's overthrow in the 2013 coup d'état.
Following Hosni Mubarak's resignation on 11 February 2011[1] in the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, the office was vacant, with the functions of head of state and head of government being discharged by the chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, Field MarshalMohamed Hussein Tantawi.[2]
Mohamed Morsi took office on 30 June 2012, after being elected by the presidential election held on 23–24 May and 16–17 June 2012.[3] He was deposed by the Egyptian Armed Forces in a coup d'état on 3 July 2013, following massive protests calling for his resignation.[4] He was succeeded by Adly Mansour, the head of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt, as Acting President. Mansour was sworn into office in front of the Supreme Constitutional Court on 4 July 2013.[5]
Current President el-Sisi took office on 8 June 2014, after being elected by the presidential election held on 26–28 May 2014.[6] He was re-elected by the presidential election held on 26–28 March 2018.[7]
List of officeholders
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
ElectedTerm of officePolitical party
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
Republic of Egypt

(18 June 1953 – 22 February 1958)
1
Mohamed Naguib
محمد نجيب
(1901–1984)
18 June 195314 November 1954
(resigned)
1 year, 149 daysMilitary / Liberation Rally
Revolutionary Command Council
مجلس قيادة الثورة
Chairman: Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser
جمال عبد الناصر
(1918–1970)
14 November 195423 June 19561 year, 222 daysMilitary
2
Gamal Abdel Nasser
جمال عبد الناصر
(1918–1970)
195623 June 195622 February 19581 year, 244 daysNational Union
United Arab Republic

(22 February 1958 – 2 September 1971)
2
Gamal Abdel Nasser
جمال عبد الناصر
(1918–1970)
1958
1965
22 February 195828 September 1970
(died)
12 years, 218 daysNational Union
(until 1962)
Arab Socialist Union
3
Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات
(1918–1981)
28 September 197015 October 197017 daysArab Socialist Union
197015 October 19702 September 1971322 days
Arab Republic of Egypt

(2 September 1971 – present)
3
Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات
(1918–1981)
19762 September 19716 October 1981
(assassinated)
11 years, 8 daysArab Socialist Union
(until 1978)
National Democratic Party
Sufi Abu Taleb
صوفى أبو طالب
(1925–2008)
Acting
6 October 198114 October 19818 daysNational Democratic Party
4
Hosni Mubarak
حسنى مبارك
(1928–2020)
1981
1987
1993
1999
2005
14 October 198111 February 2011
(resigned)
29 years, 120 daysNational Democratic Party
Supreme Council of the Armed Forces
المجلس الأعلى للقوات المسلحة
Chairman: Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi
محمد حسين طنطاوي
(born 1935)
11 February 201130 June 20121 year, 140 daysMilitary
5
Mohamed Morsi
محمد مرسي
(1951–2019)
201230 June 20123 July 2013
(deposed)
1 year, 3 daysFreedom and Justice Party
Adly Mansour
عدلي منصور
(born 1945)
Interim
4 July 20138 June 2014339 daysIndependent
6
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
عبد الفتاح السيسى
(born 1954)
2014
2018
8 June 2014Incumbent[a]6 years, 343 daysIndependent
Timeline
See also
Notes
^ Abdel Fattah el-Sisi's mandate expires 8 June 2022.
References
Citations
  1. ^ McGreal, Chris; Shenker, Jack (11 February 2011). "Hosni Mubarak resigns – and Egypt celebrates a new dawn". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  2. ^ Egypt Trades Torture Supervisor for 'Mubarak's Poodle'? ABC News, 11 February 2011
  3. ^ "Muslim Brotherhood candidate Morsi wins Egyptian presidential election". Fox News.com. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  4. ^ Coup topples Egypt's Morsy; supporters reportedly rounded up - CNN.com. Edition.cnn.com. Retrieved on 14 August 2013.
  5. ^ "Adly Mansour Sworn in As Egypt's Interim President". Associated Press. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  6. ^ "El-Sisi wins Egypt's presidential race with 96.91%". English.Ahram.org. Ahram Online. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  7. ^ "Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi wins a second term in Egypt". The Economist. 30 March 2018.
Sources
Last edited on 17 May 2021, at 02:47
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