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List of presidents of Syria
  (Redirected from List of Presidents of Syria)
This article lists the presidents of Syria since 1920.
List of officeholders
Meaning
Acting President.
National Bloc
National Party
Syrian Social Nationalist Party
Military
Arab Liberation Movement
National Union
People's Party
Syrian Regional Branch
(Ba'ath Party / Syrian Ba'ath Party)
Syrian Federation under the French Mandate (1922–1924)
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
ElectedTerm of officePolitical partyNote(s)
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1
Subhi Barakat
(1889–1939)
29[1] June 192231 December 19242 years, 185 daysIndependent
State of Syria under the French Mandate (1925–1930)
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
ElectedTerm of officePolitical partyNote(s)
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1
Subhi Barakat
(1889–1939)
1 January 192521 December 1925354 daysIndependent
François Pierre-Alype
(1853–1932)
9 February 192628 April 192678 daysIndependent
2
Ahmad Nami
(1873–1962)
28 April 192615 February 19281 year, 293 daysIndependent
Taj al-Din al-Hasani
(1885–1943)
15 February 192814 May 19302 years, 88 daysIndependent
Syrian Republic under the French Mandate (1930–1945)
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
ElectedTerm of officePolitical partyNote(s)
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
Taj al-Din al-Hasani
(1885–1943)
14 May 193019 November 19311 year, 189 daysIndependent
Léon Solomiac
(1873–1960)
19 November 193111 June 1932205 daysIndependent
3
Muhammad Ali al-Abed
(1867–1939)
11 June 193221 December 19364 years, 193 daysIndependent
4
Hashim al-Atassi
(1875–1960)
21 December 19367 July 19392 years, 198 daysNational Bloc
5
Bahij al-Khatib
(1895–1981)
10 July 19394 April 19411 year, 268 daysIndependent
Khalid al-Azm
(1903–1965)
4 April 194116 September 1941165 daysIndependent
6
Taj al-Din al-Hasani
(1885–1943)
16 September 194117 January 19431 year, 123 daysIndependentHasani died in office.[2]
Jamil al-Ulshi
(1883–1951)
17 January 194325 March 194367 daysIndependent
7
Ata al-Ayyubi
(1877–1951)
25 March 194317 August 1943145 daysIndependent
8
Shukri al-Quwatli
(1891–1967)
17 August 194324 October 19452 years, 68 daysNational Bloc
Syrian Republic (1945–1958)
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
ElectedTerm of officePolitical partyNote(s)
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
8
Shukri al-Quwatli
(1891–1967)
24 October 194529 March 19493 years, 156 daysNational Bloc /
National Party
Quwatli was ousted from power on 29 March 1949 by Husni al-Za'im, his Chief of Staff.[3]
9
Husni al-Za'im
(1897–1949)
194930 March 194914 August 1949137 daysSyrian Social Nationalist PartyZa'im was overthrown by a military coup in 1949 led by Adib Shishakli, he was later executed on the orders of the new government.[4]
10
Sami al-Hinnawi
(1898–1950)
14 August 194915 August 19491 dayMilitary
4
Hashim al-Atassi
(1875–1960)
15 August 19492 December 19512 years, 109 daysNational Party
Adib Shishakli
(1909–1964)
2 December 19513 December 19511 daySyrian Social Nationalist Party
11
Fawzi Selu
(1905–1972)
3 December 195111 July 19531 year, 220 daysMilitary
12
Adib Shishakli
(1909–1964)
195311 July 195325 February 1954229 daysArab Liberation MovementShishakli resigned from office because of threats of a coup in 1954.[5] He fled the country, claiming that he did not want the country to fall into a civil war.[5]
Maamun al-Kuzbari
(1914–1998)
25 February 195428 February 19543 daysIndependent
4
Hashim al-Atassi
(1875–1960)
28 February 19546 September 19551 year, 190 daysNational Party
8
Shukri al-Quwatli
(1891–1967)
6 September 195522 February 19582 years, 169 daysNational Party
United Arab Republic (1958–1961)
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
ElectedTerm of officePolitical partyNote(s)
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
13
Gamal Abdel Nasser
(1918–1970)
195822 February 195829 September 19613 years, 219 daysNational Union
Syrian Arab Republic (1961–present)
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
ElectedTerm of officePolitical partyNote(s)
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
Maamun al-Kuzbari
(1914–1998)
29 September 196120 November 196152 daysIndependentKuzbari took office following the 1961 coup d'état, which dissolved the United Arab Republic.
Izzat al-Nuss
(1912–1976)[6]
20 November 196114 December 196124 daysMilitary
14
Nazim al-Kudsi
(1906–1998)
14 December 19618 March 19631 year, 84 daysPeople's PartyThe 1963 coup d'état, an event known as the 8th of March Revolution, toppled Nazim al-Kudsi and brought the National Council for the Revolutionary Command (NCRC) to government, although real power lay with the Ba'athist Military Committee, which organized the coup.[7]
15
Lu'ay al-Atassi
(1926–2003)
9 March 196327 July 1963140 daysIndependentLu'ay al-Atassi was appointed president by the NCRC because he posed no threat to the Military Committee's power.[8] He resigned after high-ranking non-Ba'athist officers were purged.[9]
16
Amin al-Hafiz
(1921–2009)
27 July 196323 February 19662 years, 211 daysBa'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Amin al-Hafiz was overthrown by the Military Committee because of his support for Michel Aflaq and the National Command of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party.[10]
17
Nureddin al-Atassi
(1929–1992)
25 February 196618 November 19704 years, 266 daysSyrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Nureddin al-Atassi was overthrown when a falling out occurred between Salah Jadid, the real ruler of Syria from 1966 to 1970, and Hafez al-Assad, the Minister of Defense.[11] Assad initiated a coup in 1970, known as the Corrective Movement.[12]
Ahmad al-Khatib
(1933–1982)
18 November 197022 February 197196 daysSyrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
18
Hafez al-Assad
(1930–2000)
1971
1978
1985
1991
1999
22 February 197110 June 200029 years, 109 daysSyrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Assad died in office.[13]
Abdul Halim Khaddam
(1932–2020)
10 June 200017 July 200037 daysSyrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
19
Bashar al-Assad
(1965–)
2000
2007
2014
2021
17 July 2000Incumbent20 years, 341 daysSyrian Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Timeline
See also
References
General
  1. ^ Arrêtés Nos. 1, 2 & 3, Bulletin hebdomadaire des actes administratifs du Haut-Commissariat (8 October 1922), p. 268; [1].
  2. ^ Moubayed 2006, p. 345.
  3. ^ Moubayed 2006, p. 311.
  4. ^ Moubayed 2006, p. 610.
  5. ^ a b Moubayed 2006, p. 339.
  6. ^ "Who's who in the Arab World". 1974.
  7. ^ Moubayed 2006, p. 133.
  8. ^ Moubayed 2006, p. 175.
  9. ^ Rabinovich 1972, p. 72.
  10. ^ Seale 1990, pp. 99–101.
  11. ^ Seale 1990, pp. 142–144.
  12. ^ Seale 1990, pp. 162–163.
  13. ^ Moubayed 2006, pp. 154–155.
Bibliography
Last edited on 23 June 2021, at 21:52
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